International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Status of coral communities in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines

By: Mirasol Azcuna-Montaño, Judith R. Silapan

Key Words: Coral diversity, Fish composition, Sedimentation rate, Heliopora coerulea, CPCe.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(3), 177-190, September 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0048 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The Lamawan Pony Marine Protected Area (MPA) in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines was created to improve marine conservation and fisheries management. This study evaluated the current status using the biophysical indicators on the MPA and the reef systems. The biophysical parameters include coral cover quality and diversity, fish composition and baseline sedimentation rate employing Coral Point Count Excel Extension (CPCe), Fish Visual Census (FVC) and sediment traps, respectively. Two study sites were established: inside the core zone and within the buffer zone to assess possible significant difference in the status of marine resource at sites. Results of the study showed that the estimated total area of the MPA core zone was 0.0586km2. The mean of live coral cover is poor (15.99%) that includes the vulnerable species of Heliopora coerulea (0.24%) and Diploastrea heliopora (0.34%). Fish composition is generally low (M=1.15individuals/m2). Baseline sedimentation rate is high (M=6.5mg/cm2/day). Between sites, coral cover (t=2.24, p=0.028) and baseline sedimentation rate (t=4.65, p=0.00097) significantly differed, while fish density do not differ significantly (t=-0.374, p=0.3554) at sites. Despite these conditions, results suggest that increasing the no-take zone area to at least 20% of the total MPA size is necessary to achieve the goals set for an MPA.

| Views 59 |

Status of coral communities in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines

Atrigenio M, Aliño P, Conaco C. 2017. Influence of the blue coral Heliopora coerulea on scleractinian coral larval recruitment. Hindawi Journal of Marine Biology 2017, 1-5.

Ayotte P, McCoy K, Williams I, Zamzow J. 2011. Coral reef ecosystem division standard operating procedures: data collection for rapid ecological assessment fish surveys. Pacific Islands Fish. Sci. Cent., Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., NOAA, Honolulu, HI 96822-2396. Pacific Islands Fish. Sci. Cent. Admin. Rep. H-11-08, p. 24.

Ban SS, Graham NAJ, Connolly SR. 2014. Evidence for multiple stressor interactions and effects on coral reefs. Global Change Biology 20, 681-697.

Banaszak AT, Ayala-Schiaffino BN, Rodriguez-Roman A, Enriquez J, Iglesias-Prieto R. 2003. Response of Millepora alcicornis (Milleporina: Milleporidae) to two bleaching events at Puerto Morelos reef, Mexican Caribbean. Revista de Biologia Tropical 51, 57–66.

Bartley R, Bainbridge ZT, Lewis SE, Kroon FJ, Wilkinson SN, Brodie JE and Silburne DM. 2014. Relating sediment impacts on coral reefs to watershed sources, processes and management: a review. The Science of the Total Environment 468–469, 1138–1153.

Becira JG. 2009. Sedimentation rate in fringing reefs of Honda Bay, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines with reference to coral reef condition. Science Diliman 21(1), 7-13.

BFAR-6 Assessment Team. 2010. A coral reef survey and fish visual census on Lamawan Pony Marine Protected Area San Jose Antique, Western Visayas, Philippines. An unpublished manuscript.

Bowden-Kerby A. 2001. Coral transplantation and restocking to accelerate the recovery of coral reef habitats and fisheries resources within no-take marine protected areas: hands-on approaches to support community-based coral reef management. International Tropical Marine Ecosystems Management Symposium 2, 1-15.

Cabral RB, Aliňo PM and Balingit AM. 2014. The Philippine Marine Protected Area (MPA) database. Philippine Science Letter 7, 300–308.

Cooper TF, Gilmour JP, Fabricius KE. 2009. Bioindicators of changes in water quality on coral reefs: review and recommendations for monitoring programmes. Coral Reefs 28, 589-606.

Cuadrado JT, Cañizares LP, Cariño RL, Seronay RA. 2016. Status of corals and reef fishes community near mining operation site in Tubay, Agusan del Norte, Philippines. AACL Bioflux 9(2), 204-214.

Dalby J, Sorensen TK. 2002. Coral Reef resource management in the Philippines: with focus on marine protected areas as a management tool. MS thesis, University of Copenhagen, Denmark 1-167.

Dutra LXC, Kikuchi KP, Leao AN. 2006. Effects of sediment accumulation on reef corals from Abrolhos, Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Coastal Research 39, 633-638.

Erftemeijer PLA, Riegl B, Hoeksema BW, Todd PA. 2012. Environmental impacts of dredging and other sediment disturbances on corals: a review. Marine Pollution Bulletin 64, 1737–1765.

Fabricius KE. 2005. Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50, 125–146.

Fuad MAZ. 2010. Coral reef rugosity and coral biodiversity. MS thesis. University of Twente Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), The Netherlands, 1-60.

Gonçalves FB, Menezes MS. 2011. A comparative analysis of bioticindices that use macroinvertebrates to assess water quality in a coastal river of Paraná State, Southern Brazil. Biota Neotropica Series 11(4), 27-36.

Halpern BS, Selkoe KA, White C, Albert S, Aswani S, Lauer M. 2013. Marine protected areas and resilience to sedimentation in the Solomon Islands. Coral Reefs 32, 61-69.

Heenan A, Williams ID. 2013. Monitoring herbivorous fishes as indicators of coral reef resilience in American Samoa. PLoS One 8(11), 1-10.

Honda K, Nakamura Y, Nakaoka M, Uy WH, Fortes MD. 2013. Habitat use by fishes in coral reefs, seagrass beds and mangrove habitats in the Philippines PLoS ONE 8(8), 1-10.

ISRS. 2004. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in Management of Coral Reefs. Briefing Paper 1, International Society for Reef Studies 13.

Joneskm M. 2005. The effect of territorial damselfish (Family Pomacentridae) on the space use and behaviour of the coral reef fish, Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch, 1971) (Family Labridae). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 324, 99–111.

Jones R, Ricardo GF, Negri AP. 2015. Effects of sediments on the reproductive cycle of corals. Marine Pollution Bulletin 100, 13–33.

Junjie RK, Browne NK, Erftemeijer PLA, Todd PA. 2014. Impacts of sediments on coral energetics: partitioning the effects of turbidity and settling particles. PLoS ONE 9(9), 1-11.

Kayanne H, Harii S, Ide Y, Akimoto F. 2002. Recovery of coral populations after the 1998 bleaching on Shiraho Reef, in the Southern Ryukyus, NW Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series 239, 93–103.

Kohler KE, Gill SM. 2006. Coral point count with excel extensions (cpce): a visual basic program for the determination of coral and substrate coverage using random point count methodology. Computers and Geosciences 32(9), 1259-1269.

Komyakova V, Munday PL, Jones GP. 2013. Relative importance of coral cover, habitat complexity and diversity in determining the structure of reef fish communities. PloS ONE 8(12), 1-12.

Kulbicki M, Bozec YM. 2005. The use of butterfly fish (Chaetodontidae) species richness as a proxy of total species richness of reef fish assemblages in the Western and Central Pacific. Aquatic Conservation Marine Freshwater Ecosystem 15, S127–S141.

Li XB, Huang H, Lian JS, Yang JH, Ye C, Chen YQ, Huang LM. 2013. Coral community changes in response to a high sedimentation event: a case study in a turbid bay of south Hainan Island, China. Chinese Science Bulletin 58, 1028–1037.

Licuanan WY, Aliňo PM. 2014. A Proposed framework for a national coral reef assessment program. Philippine Science Letters 7, 201-206.

Maina J, McClanahan TR, Venus V, Ateweberhan M, Madin J. 2011. Global gradients of coral exposure to environmental stresses and implications for local management. PLoS ONE 6(8), 1-14.

Martin B, Martin M. 2012. Biophysical assessment of Lamawan Pony MPA, San Jose de Buenavista, Antique. Unpublished manuscript submitted to Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office-San Jose.

Munga CN, Mohamed MOS, Amiyo N, Dahdouh-Guebas F, Obura DO, Vanreusel A. 2012. Status of Coral Reef Fish (2012) Communities within the Mombasa Marine Protected Area, Kenya, more than a decade after establishment. Westernindian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 10(2), 169-184.

Municipal Planning and Development Office (MPDO). 2014. A GIS-based comprehensive land-use plan (CLUP) of San Jose de Buenavista, Antique 2006-2015. Unpublished manuscript.

Nakajima R, Nakayama A, Yoshida T, Kushairi M, Othman B, Toda T. 2010. An evaluation of photo line-intercept transect (Plit) method for coral reef monitoring. Galaxea, Journal of Coral Reef Studies 12, 37-44.

Neo ML, Eckman W, Vicentuan K, Teo SLM, Todd PA. 2015. The ecological significance of giant clams in coral reef ecosystems. Biological Conservation 181, 111–123.

Padayao D, Sollestre L. 2009. Keeping the essentials flowing: promoting food security and sustainable livelihood through integrated coastal management case study. PEMSEA 1(1), 1-8.

Pollock FJ, Lamb JB, Field SN, Heron SF, Schaffelke B, Shedrawi G, Bourne DG, Willis BL. 2014. Sediment and turbidity associated with offshore dredging increase coral disease prevalence on nearby reefs. PLoS ONE 9(7), 1-9.

Richards ZT, Bryce M, Bryce C. 2013. New records of atypical coral reef habitat in the Kimberley, Australia. Journal of Marine Biology 2013, 1-8.

Rivera R, Daisy T, Alexander BH, Pangilinan J, Santos R. 2002. Aquatic resources in the Philippines and the extent of poverty in the sector voluntary service overseas (Philippines). Support to Regional Aquatic Resources Management 1-135.

Roxas PG, Abrea RA, Uy WH. 2009. Impacts of management intervention on the aquatic habitats of Panguil Bay, Philippines. Journal of Environment and Aquatic Resources 1(1), 1-14.

Russ GR, Leahy SM. 2017. Rapid decline and decadal-scale recovery of corals and Chaetodon butterfly fish on Philippine coral reefs. Marine Biology 164, 29.

Saxby T. 2000. Coral bleaching: the synergistic effects of temperature and photo inhibition. BS literature review, University of Queensland, Australia 1-46.

Schoepf V, Stat M, Falter JL, McCulloch MT. 2015. Limits to the thermal tolerance of corals adapted to a highly fluctuating, naturally extreme temperature environment. Scientific Reports 5, 1-14.

Skoglund S. 2014. Effects of Different Marine Protection Levels on Fish Communities in Tropical Seagrass Beds and Coral Reefs.

Tabugo SRM, Manzanares DL, Malawani AD. 2016. Coral reef assessment and monitoring made easy using coral point count with excel extensions (CPCe) software in Calangahan, Lugait, Misamis Oriental, Philippines. Computational Ecology and Software 6(1), 21-30.

Toh TC,  Ng CSL,  Toh KB, Afiq-Rosli L, Taira D, Loke H,  Chou LM. 2015. Mass brooding of the blue octocoral, Heliopora coerulea on a sedimented equatorial reef. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 49, 69-74.

Vermeij MJA, van Moorselaar I, Engelhard S, Ho¨rnlein C, Vonk SM, Visser PM. 2010. The effects of nutrient enrichment and herbivore abundance on the ability of turf algae to overgrow coral in the Caribbean. PLoS ONE 5(12), 1-8.

Veron J. 2000. Corals of the World Vol. 1-3. M. Stafford-Smith (Ed.) Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia 1382 p.

Wafar M, Venkataraman K, Ingole B, Ajmal Khan S, LokaBharathi P. 2011. State of knowledge of coastal and marine biodiversity of indian ocean countries. PLoS ONE 6(1), 1-12.

Wilkinson C. 2008. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Centre. Townsville, Australia 296p.

Wilson SK, Graham NA, Pratchett MS, Jones GP, Polunin NV. 2006. Multiple disturbances and the global degradation of coral reefs: are reef fishes at risk or resilient? Global Change Biology 12(11), 2220-2234.

Wolf S, Sakashita M, Doherty P. 2012. Petition to list eight species of pomacentrid reef fish, including the orange clownfish and seven damselfish, as threatened or endangered under the U.S. endangered species act. Center for Biological Diversity 1-90.

Zamani NP, Madduppa HH. 2011. A standard criteria for assessing the health of coral reefs: implication for management and conservation. Journal of indonesia Coral Reefs 1(2), 137-146.

Mirasol Azcuna-Montaño, Judith R. Silapan.
Status of coral communities in San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, Philippines.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(3), 177-190, September 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/status-coral-communities-san-jose-de-buenavista-antique-philippines/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update