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The phytoprotective effects of curcuma (Curcuma longa) against cadmium chloride-induced oxidative stress, hematological and biochemical disturbances in rats

Mouna Boulanouar, Ouassila Aouacheri, Saad Saka

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Int. J. Biosci.19(6), 52-68, December 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.6.52-68

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Abstract

Heavy metals are not biodegradable and tend to be accumulated in organisms and cause numerous diseases and metabolic disorders. The evaluation of the effect of curcuma on the modulation of toxic effects induced by cadmium-chloride is the objective of our study. Forty male rats were randomly divided into four groups and treated daily for 30 consecutive days. The first group (0-0) served as control, received a normal diet and gavage with water. The second group (0-Cur) received a 2% of curcuma-diet. The third group (Cd-0) feeds on a normal diet and is treated per os with 5 mg/kg of cadmium. The fourth group (Cd-Cur) received both an oral dose of cadmium (5 mg/kg) and a 2% of curcuma-diet. Hematological, biochemical and oxidative parameters were estimated. Cd-exposure caused a significant increase in serum biomarkers compared to the control group. In addition, Cd-intoxication caused a disturbance in the hematological profile and oxidative stress biomarkers. However, feeding a curcuma-supplemented diet revealed a reduction of the intensity of oxidative stress induced by the cadmium and restored all the studied parameters as compared to control. The findings suggest that curcuma has the capacity to ameliorate and reverse cadmium-induced toxicity.

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The phytoprotective effects of curcuma (Curcuma longa) against cadmium chloride-induced oxidative stress, hematological and biochemical disturbances in rats

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