The discussion interprets and describes the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and explains any new understanding or fresh insights about the problem after you’ve taken the findings into consideration. This section often reflects the most important part of your research paper because this is where you:
The objectives of your discussion section should include the following
In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics. That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that. It is rarely clear-cut, and you will need to interpret your findings. For example, one of your graphs may show a distinct trend, but not enough to reach an acceptable significance level. Remember that no significance is not the same as no difference, and you can begin to explain this in your discussion section. Whilst your results may not be enough to reject the null hypothesis, they may show a trend that later researchers may wish to explore, perhaps by refining the experiment.
There are some rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results
The results and discussion sections cannot be combined. They have two very different purposes. The results section is for a fact. The discussion section is for interpretation. Often, one will get so wound up in one’s discussion that it’s hard to tell when one is talking about the results of this study and when one is talking about the results of other studies. Don’t let one get away with that kind of ambiguity- whose study is being discussed is vital information. Often one leaves out critical information from the discussion section.
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