International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Growth and yield performance of pechay (Brassica napus L.) in hydroponics system as influenced by magnetic field

By: John Paul D Galvan, Marvin D Adorio, Mhell Ruth Ann C Simon, Romar P Razote

Key Words: Magnetic field, Hydroponics, Pechay, Growth, Yield

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 19(1),1-9, July 2021.

Certification: ijaar 2021 0236 [Generate Certificate]


Magnetic water treatment and hydroponics system, as two distinct technologies, has shown remarkable results in enhancing crop growth and yield. The combination had somehow shown promising results; however, literature is still limited. This study determined the growth and yield performance of pechay as influenced by magnetic water treatment in a hydroponics system. Magnetization was done using a varying number of permanent magnets. Based on the result, a positive effect was observed for all the parameters considered. Notably, an increase of 24.7% in height, 30% in the number of leaves, 18.56% in leaf length, 47.93% in leaf area, 46.50% in root length, and 34.97% in fresh weight against the control. The results suggest that the application of magnetic fields on the nutrient solution in hydroponics systems could further enhance crop production and could be applied for practical use.

| Views 113 |

| Views 113 |

Growth and yield performance of pechay (Brassica napus L.) in hydroponics system as influenced by magnetic field

Agcaoili SO. 2019. Enhancing the Growth and Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in Hydroponic System Using Magnetized Irrigation Water. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Research Journal 7(2), 15-28.

Aires A. 2018. Hydroponic Production Systems: Impact on Nutritional Status and Bioactive Compounds of Fresh Vegetables. Vegetables: Importance of Quality Vegetables to Human Health 55.

Aladjadjiyan A. 2002. Study of the Influence of Magnetic Field on Some Biological Characteristics of Zea mays. Journal of Central European Agriculture 3(2), 89-94.

Ali Y, Samaneh R, Kavakebian F. 2014. Applications of Magnetic Water Technology in Farming and Agriculture Development: A Review of Recent Advances. Current World Environment 9(3), 695.

Al-Khazan M, Abdullatif BM, Al-Assaf N. 2011. Effects of Magnetically Treated Water on Water Status, Chlorophyll Pigments, and Some Elements Content of Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis L.) at Different Growth Stages. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 5(9), 722-731.

Allaire S, Caron J, Menard C, Dorais M. 2001. Growing Media Varying in Particle Size and Shape for Greenhouse Tomato. In International Symposium on Growing Media and Hydroponics 644 (pp. 307-311).

Aly MA, Thanaa ME, Osman SM, Abdelhamed AA. 2015. Effect of Magnetic Irrigation Water and Some Anti-Salinity Substances on The Growth and Production of Valencia Orange. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 4(1), 88-98.

Carbonell MV, Martinez E, Amaya JM. 2000. Stimulation of Germination in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) by a Static Magnetic Field. Electro-and magneto biology 19(1), 121-128.

Chang KT, Weng CI. 2006. The Effect of an External Magnetic Field on The Structure of Liquid Water Using Molecular Dynamics Simulation. Journal of Applied Physics 100(4), 043917.

De Souza A, García D, Sueiro L, Licea L, Porras E. 2005. Pre-Sowing Magnetic Treatment of Tomato Seeds: Effects on The Growth and Yield of Plants Cultivated Late in The Season. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 3(1), 113-122.

Efthimiadou A, Katsenios N, Karkanis A, Papastylianou P, Triantafyllidis V, Travlos I, Bilalis DJ. 2014. Effects of Pre sowing Pulsed Electromagnetic Treatment of Tomato Seed on Growth, Yield, and Lycopene Content. The Scientific World Journal 2014.

El Sayed HESA. 2014. Impact of Magnetic Water Irrigation to Improve the Growth, Chemical Composition, And Yield Production of Broad Bean (Vicia Faba L.) Plant. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 476-496.

Florez M, Carbonell MV, Martínez E. 2007. Exposure Of Maize Seeds to Stationary Magnetic Fields: Effects on Germination and Early Growth. Environmental and experimental botany 59(1), 68-75.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2019. The State of Food and Agriculture 2019. Moving Forward on Food Loss and Waste Reduction. Rome. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. Retrieved from Accessed: June 2020.

Gachene CKK, Kimaru G. 2020. (Eds.) Soil Fertility and Land Productivity: A Guide for Extension Workers in The Eastern Africa Region. RELMA Technical Handbook Series 30. Nairobi, Kenya: Regional Land Management Unit (RELMA), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida). 146 + xiv pp.; bibliography. Retrieved from /Publications/PDFS/B13197.pdf.

Grillas S, Lucas M, Bardopoulou E, Sarafopoulos S, Voulgari M. 2001. Perlite Based Soilless Culture Systems: Current Commercial Applications and Prospects. Acta Hortic 548, 105-114

Hozayn M, Qados AA. 2010. Irrigation With Magnetized Water Enhances Growth, Chemical Constituent, And Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 1(4), 671-676.

Hussain A, Iqbal K, Aziem S, Mahato P Negi AK. 2014. A Review on The Science of Growing Crops Without Soil (Soilless Culture)-A Novel Alternative for Growing Crops. International J Agriculture and Crop Sciences 7, 833-842.

Ignatov I, Mosin O. 2014. Basic concepts of magnetic water treatment. European journal of molecular biotechnology 4, 72-85.

IPCC. 2014. Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II, and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 151 pp. Retrieved from https:// www. Accessed: June 2020

Iqbal M, Ul Haq Z, Jamil Y, Nisar J. 2016. Pre-sowing seed magnetic field treatment influences germination, seedling growth, and enzymatic activities of melon (Cucumis melo L.). Biocatalysis and agricultural biotechnology 6, 176-183.

Jain A, Kumari N, Jha VK. 2019. A review on the hydroponic system: hope and hype. Recent Advances in Chemical Sciences and Biotechnology 143.

Krishnaraj C, Yun SI, VK A. 2017. Effect Of Magnetized Water (Biotron) On Seed Germination of Amaranthaceae Family. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR) 5(10), 152.

Krzysztof B. 2001. The Tests with The Utilization of Magnetic Fields in Soilless Cultivation. In International Symposium on Growing Media and Hydroponics 548 (pp. 431-436).

Lagomarsino V. 2019. Hydroponics: The Power of Water to Grow Food [Blog Post]. Retrieved from

Maheshwari BL, Grewal HS. 2009. Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water: Its Effects on Vegetable Crop Yield and Water Productivity. Agricultural water management 96(8), 1229-1236.

Mane DR, Sawant VS. 2015. Comparative Study of Effect of Magnetic Field and Magnetically Treated Water on Growth of Plants And Crop Yield. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development.

Marei A, Rdaydeh D, Karajeh D, Abu-Khalaf N. 2014. Effect of using magnetic brackish water on irrigated bell pepper crop (Capsicum annuum L.) characteristics in Lower Jordan Valley/West Bank.

Mostafazadeh-Fard B, Khoshravesh M, Mousavi SF, Kiani AR. 2011. Effects Of Magnetized Water and Irrigation Water Salinity on Soil Moisture Distribution in Trickle Irrigation. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 137(6), 398-402.

Pang X, Deng B. 2008. Investigation Of Changes in Properties of Water Under the Action of a Magnetic Field. Science in China Series G: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy 51(11), 1621-1632.

Podlesny J, Pietruszewski S, Podlesna A. 2004. The Efficiency of The Magnetic Treatment of Broad Bean Seeds Cultivated Under Experimental Plot Conditions. International Agrophysics 18(1).

Putra PA, Yuliando H. 2015. Soilless Culture System to Support Water Use Efficiency and Product Quality: A Review. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 3, 283-288.

Sardare MD, Admane SV. 2013. A Review on The Plant Without Soil-Hydroponics. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology 2(3), 299-304.

Savvas D, Gianquinto G, Tuzel Y, Gruda N. 2013. 12. Soilless Culture. Good Agricultural Practices for greenhouse vegetable crops 303.

Sharma N, Acharya S, Kumar K, Singh N, Chaurasia OP. 2018. Hydroponics As an Advanced Technique for Vegetable Production: An Overview. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 17(4), 364-371.

Shukla S, Wagh S, Vaishamapayan V, Gaopande M, Vishnoi S. 2017 Magnetic Field: Effect on Plant Growth in Hydroponic Farming.

Surendran U, Sandeep O, Joseph EJ. 2016. The Impacts of Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water on The Plant, Water, And Soil Characteristics. Agricultural Water Management 178, 21-29.

Surendran U, Sandeep O, Mammen G, Joseph EJ. 2013. A Novel Technique of Magnetic Treatment of Saline and Hard Water for Irrigation And Its Impact On Cowpea Growth And Water Properties. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology 6(1), 85-92.

Taimourya H, Oussible M, Baamal L, Bourarach EH, Hassanain N, Masmoudi L, El Harif A. 2018. Magnetically Treated Irrigation Water Improves the Production and The Fruit Quality of Strawberry Plants (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) In The Northwest of Morocco. J Agric Sci Technol 8, 145-156.

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. 2019. World Population Prospects 2019: Highlights (ST/ESA/SER.A/423). Retrieved from https:// Accessed: June 2020.

Vashisth A, Nagarajan S. 2010. Effect On Germination and Early Growth Characteristics in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seeds Exposed to A Static Magnetic Field. Journal of plant physiology 167(2), 149-156.

Youssef M, Abou Kamer ME. 2019. Effectiveness Of Different Nutrition Sources and Magnetic Fields on Lettuce Grown Under the Hydroponic System. Scientific Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1(2), 62-71.

Yusuf KO, Ogunlela AO. 2015. Impact of Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water on The Growth and Yield of Tomato. Notulae Scientia Biologicae 7(3), 345-348.

John Paul D Galvan, Marvin D Adorio, Mhell Ruth Ann C Simon, Romar P Razote.
Growth and yield performance of pechay (Brassica napus L.) in hydroponics system as influenced by magnetic field.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 19(1),1-9, July 2021.
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update