International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

A review on advantages of cereals-legumes intercropping system: case of promiscuous soybeans varieties and maize

By: Josiah M. Kinama, Habineza M. Jean Pierre

Key Words: Intercropping system, Cereals-legumes, Advantages.

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(6), 155-165, June 2018.

Certification: ijaar 2018 0135 [Generate Certificate]


Intercropping is a practice mostly done by small-scale farmers. It’s a cropping system which involves the growth of two or more plants in the same field during the same season to allow interactions between component crops. The importance of this cropping system implies insurance against total crop failure, yield improvement, weed control, pest and diseases control, biological nitrogen fixation, increased light interception, increased biomass formation, high incomes returns, yield advantages shown by land equivalent ratio. This study is a collection of reviewed reports recently done on intercropping and which have focused on cereal-legume intercropping. It assessed the advantages obtained from intercropping, especially in cereal-legume cropping system. However, reviewed reports showed useful information base for agricultural scientist with interest in the field of intercropping research with particular focus on cereal-legume intercropping system.

| Views 13 |

A review on advantages of cereals-legumes intercropping system: case of promiscuous soybeans varieties and maize

Addo-Quaye AA, Darkwa AA, Ocloo GK. 2011. Growth analysis of component crops in maize -soybean intercropping system as affected by time of planting and spatial arrangement. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 6(6), 34–44.

Akinnifesi FK, Makumba W, Sileshi G, Ajayi OC, Mweta D. 2007. Synergistic effect of inorganic N and P fertilizers and organic inputs from Gliricidia sepium on productivity of intercropped maize in Southern Malawi. Plant and Soil, 294(1-2), 203-217.

Andersen MK. 2005. Competition and complementarity in annual intercrops – the role of plant available nutrients. Thesis, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark, Department of Soil Science 1-123.

ASDSP. 2016. Agricultul sector development supported programme. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 128(February 1997), 59-71.

Dariush M, Ahad M, Meysam O. 2006. Assessing the land equivalent ratio of two corn varieties intercropping at various levels in karaj ,iran. College of Agriculture of Tehran University Islamic Azad University of Ramhormoz, Khosestan, Iran Manuscript, JCEA, 7(2), 359-364.

Dwivedi A, Dev I, Kumar V, Yadav RS, Yadav M, Gupta D. 2015. Potential Role of Maize-Legume Intercropping Systems to Improve Soil Fertility Status under Smallholder Farming Systems for Sustainable Agriculture in India; A Review Potential Role of Maize-Legume Intercropping Systems to Improve Soil Fertility Status. International Journal of Life Sciences Biotechnology and Pharma Research 4(3),145-157.

Eaglesham, Ayanaba R, E. 1981. Improving the nitrogen nutrition of maize by intercropping with cowpea. Soil Biol. Biochem 13, 169-171.

Egbe. 2010. Effects of plant density of intercropped soybean with tall sorghum on competitive ability of soybean and economic yield at Otobi, Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 1(1) (June), 1-10.

Franzluebbers K, Juo ASR, Manu A. 2016. Decomposition of cowpea and millet amendments to a sandy Alfisol in Niger Author (s): Kathrin Franzluebbers , Anthony S . R. Juo and Andrew Manu Published by: Springer Stable URL: Decomposition of cowpea and mille 167(2), 255-265.

Giller KE, Mapfumo P. 2006. Biological Nitrogen Fixation: Forms and Regulating Factors. Soil Science 4-7.

  1. 2015. A Review on the Comparative Advantage of Intercropping Systems. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 5(9), 28-38.

Ijoyah MO. 2012. Review of intercropping research: Studies on cereal-vegetable based cropping system. Scientific Journal of Crop Science 1(3), 55-62.

Jama B, Palm C, Buresh R, Niang A, Gachengo C, Nziguheba G, Amadalo B. 2000. Tithonia diversifolia as a green manure for soil fertility improvement in western Kenya: A review. Agroforestry Systems 49(2), 201-221.

Jeyakumaran SS. 2009. Effect of planting geometry on yield of capsicum ( Capsicum annum L .) intercropped with vegetable cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). JSc- EUSL, 6(l), 10-18.

  1. Fujita KG. O.-B. and SO. 1988. Row spacing effects on N 2 -fixation, N-yield and soil N uptake of intercropped cowpea and maize. Plant and Soil 23, 17-23.
  1. Fujita KG. O-B and SO. 1992. Biological nitrogen fixation in mixed legume-cereal cropping systems. Plant and Soil 141, 1-32.

Kahaman S. 2012. Spatial arrangements and time of introducing an intercrop on the productivity of component crops in maize-soybean intercropping system. International Journal of Science and Advanced Technology 2(11), 103-107.

Kananji GAD, Yohane E, Siyeni D, Kachulu L, Mtambo L, Chisama BF, Mulekano O. 2013. A guide to soybean production in Malawi, (september). Book 1-33.

Kariaga BM. 2004. Intercropping Maize With Cowpeas and Beans for Soil and Water Management in Western Kenya. ISCO 213th International Soil Conservation Organisation Conference, Brisbane, Conserving (993), 1-5.

Khan AN. 1988. Land equivalent ratios, relativ yields and relative yields totals of intercropped maize and soybean. Pakistan 9(4), 453-457.

Khan ZR, Hassanali A, Overholt W, Khamis TM, Hooper AM, Pickett JA, Woodcock CM. 2002. Control of Witchweed Striga hermonthica by Intercropping with Desmodium spp., and the Mechanism Defined as Allelopathic. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28(9), 1871-1885.

Kinama JM, Ong CK, Stigter CJ, Ng JK. 2011. Hedgerow Intercropping Maize or Cowpea/Senna for Drymatter Production in Semi-Arid Eastern Kenya. Earlier Title: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, ISSN 1939-1250, 1, 372-384.

Kinama JM, Stigter CJ, Ong CK, Ng JK. 2007. Arid Land Research and Management Contour Hedgerows and Grass Strips in Erosion and Runoff Control on Sloping Land in Semi-Arid Kenya Contour Hedgerows and Grass Strips in Erosion and Runoff Control on Sloping Land in Semi-Arid Kenya 21, 1-19.


Klogo Phanuel Y, Ofori Johnson K, Glover Mawutor KAPK. 2016. Response of Promiscuous and Non-promiscuous Soybean (Glycine max (L) Merill) Cultivars to Indigenous Bradyrhizobium japonicum Inoculation in Three Ghanaian Soils. International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology 2(2), 15-22.

Kureh I, Kamara AY, Tarfa BD. 2006. Influence of cereal-legume rotation on Striga control and maize grain yield in farmers’ fields in the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 107(1), 41-54.

Li L, Zhang L, Zhang F. 2013. Crop Mixtures and the Mechanisms of Overyielding. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 2, 382-395.

Lithourgidis AS, Dordas CA, Damalas CA, Vlachostergios DN. 2011. Annual intercrops: An alternative pathway for sustainable agriculture. Australian Journal of Crop Science 5(4), 396-410.

M, Ayub A, Tanveer MAN and SMASD. 2004. Studies on the Fodder Yield and Quality of Sorghum Grown Alone and in Mixture with Ricebean. Pak. J. Life Soc. Sci 2, 46-48.

Madimba, Makela MP. 1994. Nodulation et redement du soja Glycine max L. MERRILL inoculé par Bradyrhizobium japonicum dans differents systèmes de culture à Kombé-Brazzaville, Congo. Tropicultura 12(4), 134-140.

Maphosa TM. 2015. Growth, nodulation and yield response of promiscuous soybean cultivars to inoculation in different soil types under glasshouse and field conditions. MSc. Thesis. Limpopo University, (March) 1-93.

Martin RC. 1990. Intercropping corn and soybean for high-protein silage in a cool temperate region. PhD Thesis, Mc Gill University, Montreal, Quebec 195.

Mashingaidze A. 2004. Improving weed management and crop productivity in maize systems in Zimbabwe. PhD Thesis, Wageningen University 196.

Matusso JMM, Mugwe JN, Mucheru-Muna M. 2012. Potential role of cereal-legume intercropping systems in integrated soil fertility management in smallholder farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa Résumé. Third RUFORUM Biennial Meeting 24-28, Entebbe, Uganda Willey, (September) 29.

Mohammed IB, Olufajo OO, Singh BB, Miko S, Mohammed SG. 2008. Evaluation of yield of components of sorghum/cowpea intercrops in the Sudan Savanna ecological zone. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 3(3), 30-37.

Mongi, Urigo SS. 1976. An appraisal of some intercropping methods in terms of grain yield, response to applied phosporus and monetary return from maize and cowpeas. E. Afr. Agric. For. J. 42(1), 66-70.

Morgado LB, Willey RW. 2003. Effects of plant population and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and efficiency. Pesq. Agropec. Bras., Brasília 38(1), 1257-1264.

Mosanto. 2014. Soybean Nodulation: Process and Failure How Nodules are Formed, Soybean Nodulation: Process and Failure When Inoculants Are Needed. Technology Development and Agronomy. Book 5-6.

Mpepereki S, Javaheri F, Davis P, Giller KE. 2000. Soyabeans and sustainable agriculture; Promiscuous soyabeans in southern Africa. Field Crops Research 65(2-3), 137-149.

Muoneke CO, Ogwuche MAO, Kalu BA. 2007. Effect of maize planting density on the performance of maize/soybean intercropping system in a guinea savannah agroecosystem. Journal of Agricultural Research, 2 (December), 667-677.

Nekesa AO, Okalebo JR, Othieno CO, Thuita, Bationo AWBS. 2011. The Potential of Increased Maize and Soybean Production inUasinGishu District, Kenya, Resulting fromSoil Acidity Amendment Using Minjingu Phosphate Rock and Agricultural Lime 49-62.

Njeru EM, Maingi JM, Cheruiyot R, Mburugu GN. 2013. Managing Soybean for Enhanced Food Production and Soil Bio-Fertility in Smallholder Systems through Maximized Fertilizer Use Efficiency 3(5), 191-197.

Nwaogu EN, Muogbo PC. 2015. Effect of ginger-grain legume cropping system and spatial arrangement on soil fertility management and yield of intercropped ginger in the Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science 5(1), 1-7.

Osunde AO, Bala A, Gwam MS, Tsado PA, Sanginga N, Okogun JA. 2003. Residual benefits of promiscuous soybean to maize (Zea mays L.) grown on farmers’ fields around Minna in the southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 100(2-3), 209-220.

Osunde AO, Gwam S, Bala A, Sanginga N, Okogun JA. 2003. Responses to rhizobial inoculation by two promiscuous soybean cultivars in soils of the Southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria. Biology and Fertility of Soils 37(5), 274-279.

Osunde, Tsado, Bala and S. 2004. Productivity of Maize -Promiscuous Soybean Intercrop as Affected by Fertilezer in the southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria. Ibadan; Nigeria.W.A.J.A.E. 5. 51-62.

Phiri DK, Snapp S. 1999. Maize and sesbania production in relay cropping at three landscape positions in Malawi. Agroforestry Systems, 47 (November), 153-162.

Habineza M, Kinama J, Olubayo F, Wanderi S, Muthomi J, Nzuve F. 2017. Effect of Intercropping Maize and Promiscuous Soybean on Growth and Yield. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 18(6), 1-21.

Habinza MJ, Kinama JM, Olubayo FM, Wanderi SW, Muthomi JW, Nzuve FM. 2018a. Effect of Intercroping Maize-Soybean on Grain Quality Traits in Kenya. JAS. 10(2), 1-11.

Habineza MJ, Kinama JM, Olubayo FM, Wanderi SW, Muthomi JW, Nzuve FM. 2018b. Effect of intercroping maize and soybean on soil fertility.IJAAR 12(2), 87-100.

Prasad RB, Brook RM. 2005. Effect of varying maize densities on intercropped maize and soybean in Nepal. Experimental Agriculture 41(3), 365-382.

Pulver E, Kueneman ER. 1998. Identification of promiscuous nodulating soybeans efficient in N2 fixation. Colleccion Historica 2, 1-24.

Willey M, natarajan M, Reddy MR, Rao PTCN, Bhatnagar JK and VS. 1983. Intercropping studies with annual crops. Better Crops for Food, Book. 83-100.

Raji JA. 2007. Intercropping soybean and maize in a derived savanna ecology. African Journal of Biotechnology 6(16), 1885-1887.

Rana SS, Rana MC. 2011. Cropping System. Book 1-92.

Recous S, Coppens F, Abiven S, Garnier P, Merckx R. 2008. Management of Agroforestry Systems for Enhancing Resource use Efficiency and Crop Productivity prepared. IAEA. Book. 1-244.

Sanginga, Ibewiro, Houngnandan, Vanlauwe O. 1996. Evaluation of symbiotic properties and nitrogen contribution of mucuna to maize grown in the derived savanna of West Africa. Plant and Soil 179. 119-129.

Sebetha E. 2015. The effect of maize- legume cropping system and nitrogen fertilisation on yield, soil organic carbon and moisture. PhD Thesis, (March) 1-271.

Sekamatte BM, Ogenga-Latigo M, Russell-Smith A. 2003. Effects of maize-legume intercrops on termite damage to maize, activity of predatory ants and maize yields in Uganda. Crop Protection, 22(1), 87-93.

Sileshi D. 2013. Evaluation of soybean varieties under different planting pattens for intercropping in sugarcane at finchaa sugarestate, western ethiopia, MSc. Thesis (November) 1-77.

Silva B, Igor P, Silva L, Sérgio P, Oliveira F. De & De P. 2008. Planting times of cowpea intercropped with corn in the weed control. Revista Caatinga 21(1), 113-119.

Simpson JA. 1999. Effects of shade on maize and soybean productivity in tree based intercrop system. MSc. Thesis, University of Guelph 1-116.

Smaling Eric MA, Stephen M. Nandwa BHJ. 1997. Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa Proceedings, ICRAF, Book, (51), 264.

Stern and Ofori. 1987. Cereal-Legume Intercropping Systems. Advances in Agronomy. Advances in agronomy (41), 1-50.

Stern WR. 1993. Nitrogen fixation and transfer in intercrop systems. Field Crops Research 34(3-4), 335-356.

Sullivan. 2003. Intercropping principles and production practices. Agronomy System Guide. Book. 1-12.

Thobatsi T. 2009. Growth and yield responses of maize (Zea mays L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) in an intercropping system, (January). MSc. Thesis, University of Pretoria 1-159.

Thyamini HS and BI. 2010. Review on Maize Based Intercropping. Departement of crop science, Faculty of Argiculture, Eastern University, Sri Lanka: Journal of Agronomy 9(3), 135-145.

Trenbath BR. 1993. Intercroppping for the management of pests and diseases. Field Crops Research 34, 381-405.

Tsujimoto Y, Pedro JA, Boina G, Murracama MV, Ito O, Tobita S, Martinho C. 2015. Performance of Maize-Soybean Intercropping under Various N Application Rates and Soil Moisture Conditions in Northern Mozambique. Plant Production Science, 18(3), 365-376.

Whitbread AM, Pengelly BC. 2004. Tropical legumes for sustainable farming systems in Southern Africa and Australia. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Book. 1-179.

William RJR and PC. 2012. Soybean, Variert yields and prroduction practices. LSU. Book. 1-12.

Wortmann CS, Isabirye M, Musa S. 1994. Crotalaria ochroleuca as a green manure crop in Uganda. African Crop Science Journal 2(1), 55-61.

Xiao YB, Li L, Zhang FS. 2004. Effect of root contact on interspecific competition and N transfer between wheat and fabacean using direct and indirect N-15 techniques. Plant and Soil, 262(1-2), 45-54.

Yusuf a a, Iwuafor ENO, Abaidoo RC, Olufajo OO, Sanginga N. 200. Effect of crop rotation and nitrogen fertilization on yield and nitrogen efficiency in maize in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research 4(10), 913-921.

Zhang Y, Liu J, Zhang J, Liu H, Liu S, Zhai L, Yin C. 2015. Row ratios of intercropping maize and soybean can affect agronomic efficiency of the system and subsequent wheat. PLoS ONE 10(6), 1-16.

Josiah M. Kinama, Habineza M. Jean Pierre.
A review on advantages of cereals-legumes intercropping system: case of promiscuous soybeans varieties and maize.
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res. 12(6), 155-165, June 2018.
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update