International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Antibacterial potential of ethanolic and methanolic extracts of herbal plants against Xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae the cause of black spot disease in mango

By: Hasnain Sajjad, Abdul Rehman, Khizar Razzaq, M. Waqar Alam, Saira Mehboob, Nasir Ahmed Rajput, Nasir Ahmad Khan, Samia Anam

Key Words: Bacterial black spot disease, X. campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae, Mango, herbal/medicinal plants, ethanolic and methanolic extracts.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 231-237, January 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.231-237

Certification: ijb 2019 0140 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Mango (Mangifera indica) is an ever-green tree and native to south Asia. Every year different types of pre and post-harvest diseases cause huge losses to mango crop. Susceptible germplasm and favorable environmental conditions contribute toward wide epidemic of diseases. Bacterial black spot disease of mango is caused byX. campestris pv. mangiferae indicaeis a big hazard to mango crop when it occurs in severe condition. In the present investigation different types of ethanolic and methanolic plant extracts clove (Syzigum aromaticum), hermal (Peganum hermala), dhaneya (Coriandrum sativum), kasni (Cichorium intybus), swanjna (Moringa oleifera) and cinnamon (cinnamomum zylanicum) were evaluated under laboratory conditions. Results of the experiment showed that Ethanolic and methanolic extracts of Hermal found to be most effective with a mean value of (2.10, 2.30) against Xanthomonas campestris pv. Mangiferae indicae followed by coriander and clove extracts at 50µg/mlconcentration with a mean value of (1.23, 2.26) (1.76, 2.16) respectively on nutrient agar medium.

| Views 52 |

Antibacterial potential of ethanolic and methanolic extracts of herbal plants against Xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae the cause of black spot disease in mango

Ambridge EM, Haines IH. 1987. Some aspects of pesticide use and human safety in Southeast Asia. In 11. International Congress of Plant Protection, Manila (Philippines), 5-9 Oct 1987.

Anonymous. 1998. Pesticides incidents up for 1996/97 compared with previous year. International Pest Control 40, 1-8.

Barnard C, Padgitt M, Uri ND. 1997. Pesticide use and its measurement. International Pest Control (United Kingdom).

Collins R, Dunne T, Campbell J, Johnson P,  Malik AU. 2006. Constraints Analysis of Pakistan’s Mango Supply Chains. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), Australia.

Dye DW, Bradbury J, Goto M, Hayward AC, Lelliott RA, Schroth MN. 1980. International standards for naming pathovars of phytopathogenic bacteria and a list of pathovar names and pathotype strains. Review of Plant Pathology 59(4), 153-168.

Evans EA. 2008. World trends in world and US mango production, trade and consumption. Assessed 02/02/09.

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu.document_fe718.

FAO. 2007. Food Agriculture Organization. [Online]. Available at: (accessed on 20th February, 2012).

http://www.fao.org

FAO. 2011 Food Agriculture Organization. [Online]. Available at: (accessed on 22th February, 2012).

http://www.fao.org

Fernald ML. 1950. Gray manual of Botany. 8th ed. American Book Co, New York.

Gagnevin L, Pruvos O. 2001. Epidemiology and control of mango bacterial black spot. Plant Disease, 85(9), 928-935.

Johnson GI, Cooke AW, Mead AJ, Wells IA. 1989. September). Stem end rot of mango in Australia: causes and control. In III International Mango Symposium 291, 288-295.

Kalemba DAAK, Kunicka A. 2003. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of essential oils. Current medicinal chemistry 10(10), 813-829.

Keskin D, Toroglu S. 2011. Studies on antimicrobial activities of solvent extracts of different spices. Journal of Environmental Biology 32(2), 251-256.

Doidge M, Ethel. 1915. A bacterial disease of the mango. Bacillus mangiferae n. sp. Annals of Applied Biology 2(1), 1-45.

Mahajan A, Das S. 2003. Plants and microbes-Potential source of pesticide for future use. Pesticides information 28(4), 33-38.

Nandagopal S, Kumari BR. 2007. Phytochemical and antibacterial studies of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.)-A multipurpose medicinal plant. Advances in Biological Research 1(1-2), 17-21.

Patel MK, Moniz L, Kulkarni YS. 1948. A new bacterial disease of Mangifera indica L. Current Science 17(6), 189.

Pengelly A. 1996. The constituents of medicinal plants. Sunflower Herbals 2, 109-112.

PPEA. 2003. Projet de Promotion des exportations agricoles s/c ministère de l’agriculture et de l’elevage du sénégal. Guide export – Mangue du Sénégal. Editions Techniques IFLEX 55.

Pruvost O. 1993. Xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae: cause of bacterial black spot of mangoes.

Pruvost O, Couteau A, Luisetti J, Vernière C. 1995. Biologie et épidémiologie de l’agent de la maladie des taches noires de la mangue. Fruits, 50(3), 183-189.

Ridgway R. 1989. Mango Pests and Disorders. Department of Primary Industries, Queensland Government.

Russel DF, Eisensmith SP. 1983. MSTAT-C. Crop and Soil Science Department, Michigan State University, USA.

Silimela M. 2003. Evaluation of biocontrol and sunprotectors to control mango fruit diseases and disorders (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).

Steel RD, JH Torrie, Dicky DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics. A biometrical Approach.

Sultana B, Anwar F, Ashraf M. 2009. Effect of extraction solvent/technique on the antioxidant activity of selected medicinal plant extracts. Molecules 14(6), 2167-2180.

Sunita B, Mahendra R. 2008. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils from Indian Medicinal Plants against Human Pathogenic Aspergillus fumigatus and A. niger. World Jour Med Sciences 3(2), 81-88, 2008 ISSN 1817-3055.

Hasnain Sajjad, Abdul Rehman, Khizar Razzaq, M. Waqar Alam, Saira Mehboob, Nasir Ahmed Rajput, Nasir Ahmad Khan, Samia Anam.
Antibacterial potential of ethanolic and methanolic extracts of herbal plants against Xanthomonas campestris pv. mangiferaeindicae the cause of black spot disease in mango.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(1), 231-237, January 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/antibacterial-potential-ethanolic-methanolic-extracts-herbal-plants-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-mangiferaeindicae-cause-black-spot-disease-mango/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update