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First record of Fusarium solani (Mart.) sacc. associated with sudden decline disease of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

By: Wazir Ali Metlo, Ghulm Hussain Jatoi, Naveed Wahid Awan, Qurat-ul-Ain Shaikh, Hidayatullah, Ghulam Sarwar Channa, Muneer Ali Bhagat, Muhammad Haroon Hulio, Sultan Hmed Metlo

Key Words: Date palm, Pakistan, Fusarium fungi.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 122-128, March 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.3.122-128

Certification: ijb 2020 0023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Date palm is widely cultivated in Khairpur region of Sindh province, Pakistan. Since last   few years the date palm plantation suffered from  sudden decline disease of unknown etiology.During a survey of date palm  plantatation in Sindh for investigating the association of fungi with six fungal species viz. Fusarium solani, Phoma ucladium, Helminthosporium sativum, Alternaria alternata, Aspergilus niger and Penicillium chrysogenium were isolated from plant parts of affected date palm tree and identified on the basis of their colony characteristics and conidial morphology Fusarium solani. Among them Fusarium solani was the predominant from infected roots of date palm. Among the fungi isolated, F. solani appeared as predominant fungus isolated in very high frequency from all locations followed by P. ucladium and H. sativum. It produced white to creamy colour with sparse to dense and grayish mycelium. The microscopic observation revealed that the production of both micro and macro conidia were well developed. This is the first report of Fusarium solani on date palm in Sindh,Pakistan.

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First record of Fusarium solani (Mart.) sacc. associated with sudden decline disease of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan

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Wazir Ali Metlo, Ghulm Hussain Jatoi, Naveed Wahid Awan, Qurat-ul-Ain Shaikh, Hidayatullah, Ghulam Sarwar Channa, Muneer Ali Bhagat, Muhammad Haroon Hulio, Sultan Hmed Metlo.
First record of Fusarium solani (Mart.) sacc. associated with sudden decline disease of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 122-128, March 2020.
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