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Frequency and risk factor of typhoid fever in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

By: Tabbassum Imran, Sarah Arif, Raheela Bano, Nighat Aziz, Mahrukh Naseem, Humera Nazir, Arshia Sumbal, Nayab Khan, Lawang Gurganari, Abdul Jabbar

Key Words: Salmonella Typhi, Diseases, prevalence, Typhoid fever, incidence, immunization.

Int. J. Biosci. 14(6), 21-27, June 2019.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.6.21-27

Certification: ijb 2019 0013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Typhoid fever, caused due to Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi), is considered as one of the deadliest diseases, and a serious public health problem around the world. The prevalence of typhoid fever in city of Saidu Sharif Sawat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan was investigated in this study from October 26, 2017 to February 25, 2018. The blood samples of 400 patients of age group 1- 50 years old were used for clinical diagnosis applying widal test and their results were compared for analysis. A total of 76 patients were found positive of S. Typhi. The ratio of typhoid occurrence in males (66%) was found higher as compared to typhoid positive cases of females (34%). The ratio of typhoid patients was greater in young people having ages between 11-30 years. This study provides significant statistics regarding net incidence of typhoid in the city of Saidu Sharif Sawat that would help in proposed future health policies. Preventive strategies such as immunization programs, improved sanitary standards, clean water supply and proper sewerage system should be the focus of typhoid control in cities like Saidu Sharif Sawat.

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Frequency and risk factor of typhoid fever in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Tabbassum Imran, Sarah Arif, Raheela Bano, Nighat Aziz, Mahrukh Naseem, Humera Nazir, Arshia Sumbal, Nayab Khan, Lawang Gurganari, Abdul Jabbar.
Frequency and risk factor of typhoid fever in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Int. J. Biosci. 14(6), 21-27, June 2019.
https://innspub.net/ijb/frequency-risk-factor-typhoid-fever-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan/
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