International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Occupational Health, Safety and Ergonomic Issues of Sugar Industry- A Review

By: Muhammad Ehtisham Zafar, Zia-Ul-Haq, M. Adnan Islam, Hamza Muneer Asam, Abdul Qadeer, Talha Mehmood

Key Words: Sugar Industry; Injuries; Safety measures.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(4), 206-221, April 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.4.206-221

Certification: ijb 2020 0083 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Sugar industry plays a vital role in country’s development. Nowadays, the production and consumption of sugar is significantly increased due to increase in population. A large numbers of people directly and indirectly get employment from this sector. Industry’s most outstanding attribute is its crucial connection between the factory and the growers whose interests are interdependent on one another. Sugar is produced mainly from sugar cane in Pakistan. Currently its accounts for approximately 4.5 percent of the total crop area and 11 percent of the total added value. In addition to qualified and semi-skilled workers, the industry contributes over 4 billion rupees to GDP and employs more than 75,000 people directly, including management experts, technologists, engineers, financial experts, lawyers and doctors. Workers in sugar industries are suffering from various kinds of illnesses because of poor working conditions, differ from small injuries to serious and further serious injury. In present work we highlight the practices and environments, risk of discomfort, tension and injury as a result of ergonomic issues. Accidents faced by workers in many developing countries are most common due to hand tools and cutting tools. Additionally, the review also highlights safety measures in sugar industry to avoid injuries and accidents during working.

| Views 23 |

| Views 23 |

Occupational Health, Safety and Ergonomic Issues of Sugar Industry- A Review

Ahasan M. 2002. Occupational Health, Safety and Ergonomic issues in small and medium-sized.

Alessi NP, Navarro VL. 1997. Health and rural work: the case of sugarcane workers in Ribeirão Preto region, São Paulo, Brazil. Public Health Notebooks, 13, S111-S121.

Alexander AC. 1937. Koloa Plantation, 1835-1935: A History of the Oldest Hawaiian Sugar Plantation. Honolulu Star-Bulletin.

Alves F. 2006. Why do sugarcane cutters die? Health and Society, 15, 90-98.

Anonymous, 2016. Environmental, Health and Safety Guidelines for Perennial Crop Production.

Arkajit B, Rina B, Gourab B. 2016 International Journal of Biomedical Research .com 568-570.

Bandura A. 2001. Social cognitive theory: An agentive perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26.

Barbosa CMG, Terra-Filho M, Albuquerque ALP, Di Giorgi D, Grupi C, Negrao CE, Braga ALF. 2012. Burnt sugarcane harvesting–cardiovascular effects on a group of healthy workers, Brazil. Brancaccio P, Maffulli N, Limongelli FM. Creatine kinase monitoring in sport medicine. British Medical Bulletin (1), 209–230.

Binkley HM, Beckett J, Casa DJ, Kleiner DM, Plummer PE. 2002. National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement: exertional heat illnesses. Journal of Athletic Training 37(3), 329.

Brancaccio P, Lippi G, Maffulli N. 2010. Biochemical markers of muscular damage. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 48(6), 757-767.

Carter III R, Cheuvront SN, Williams JO, Kolka MA, Stephenson LA, Sawka MN, Amoroso PJ. 2005. Epidemiology of hospitalizations and deaths from heat illness in soldiers (No. M04-24). Army research inst of environmental medicine Natick ma thermal and mountain medicine division.

Casa DJ, Armstrong LE, Hillman SK, Montain SJ, Reiff RV, Rich BS, Stone JA. 2000. National Athletic Trainers’ Association position statement: fluid replacement for athletes. Journal of athletic training 35(2), 212.

Chullen J. 2012. Occupational health and safety in the sugar industry of Kenya. Petit Lancy, Switzerland; the International Union of Food.

Clementson CL, Hansen AC. 2008. Pilot study of manual sugarcane harvesting using biomechanical analysis. Journal of agricultural safety and health 14(3), 309-320.

Correa-Rotter R, Wesseling C, Johnson RJ. 2014. CKD of unknown origin in Central America: the case for a Mesoamerican nephropathy. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 63(3), 506-520.

Dollard M. 2007. Psychosocial safety culture and climate; definition of a new construct. Adelaide; Work and Stress Research Group, University of South Australia.

Dollard M, Bakker A. 2010. Psychosocial safety climate as a precursor to conducive work environments, psychological health problems, and employee engagement. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 83, 579-599.

EU-OSHA 2007. Expert forecast on emerging psychosocial risks related to occupational.safety and health. Luxembourg; Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.

Fanning F. 2003. Basic Safety Administration: A Handbook for the New Safety Specialist. Chicago: American Society of Safety Engineers.

FAOSTAT. 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; Available from: http://faostat3.fao.org/faostatgateway/go/to/home/E

Ferreira AD, Ramos EMC, Carvalho LCS, Xavier RF, DeSouza Teixeira, MF, Raymundo PA, Ramos D. 2011. Short terms effects of air pollution from biomass burning in mucociliary clearance of Brazilian sugarcane cutters. Respiratory medicine 105(11), 1766-1768.

Field CB. 2014. Climate change 2014–Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability: Regional aspects. Cambridge University Press.

Frumkin H, McMichael AJ. 2008. Climate change and public health: thinking, communicating, acting. American journal of preventive medicine 35(5), 403-410.

García R, Jarquín E, Wesseling C, Johnson RJ, González M, Weiss I, Harra T. 2015. Heat stress, dehydration, and kidney function in sugarcane cutters in El Salvador–A cross-shift study of workers at risk of Mesoamerican nephropathy. Environmental research 142, 746-755.

Goto DM, Lança M, Obuti CA, Barbosa CMG, Saldiva PHN, Zanetta DMT, Nakagawa NK. 2011. Effects of biomass burning on nasal mucociliary clearance and mucus properties after sugarcane harvesting. Environmental research, 111(5), 664-669.

Guo Tanaka, Halperin W, Cameron L. 1999. Back prevalence in US industry Gustin, J. 2007. Safety Management: A Guide for Facility Managers. New York: Fairmont Press.

Hansen E, Donohoe M. 2003. Health issues of migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Journal of Health care for the Poor and Underserved 14(2), 153-164.

http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/42811/1/9241591013.pdf

International Labour Organization. 2012. Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and hazardous work of children in agriculture. Geneva: ILO.

IWGCCH. 2010. A human health perspective on climate change: A report outlining the research needs on the human health effects of climate change [Internet]. Research Triangle Park, NC; p. 70. Available from: www.niehs.nih.gov/climatereport.

James L, Choi C, Ko C, McNeil K, Minton K, Wright A, Kim, K. 2008. Organizational and psychological climate: A review of theory and research. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 17, 5–32.

Juttel LP. 2008. Excessive physical effort seeks increased income. Science and Culture 60(4), 6-7.

Kerslake DM. 1972. The stress of hot environments (Vol. 29). CUP Archive.

Kjellstrom T, McMichael AJ. 2013. Climate change threats to population health and well-being: the imperative of protective solutions that will last. Global health action 6(1), 20816.

Kjellstrom T, Sawada SI, Bernard TE, Parsons K, Rintamäki H, Holmér I. 2013 Climate change and occupational heat problems. Ind Health 51(1), 1–2.

KPMG I. 2007. The Indian sugar industry sector roadmap 2017.

Law R, Dollard M, Tuckey R, Dormann C. 2011. Psychosocial safety climate as a lead indicator of workplace bullying and harassment, job resources, psychological health and employee engagement. Accident analysis and prevention 1-12.

Mbakaya F, Onyoyo A, Lwaki A, Omondi J. 1999. A Survey of Management Perspectives of the State of Workplace Health and Safety Practices in Kenya. Accident Analysis Prevention. PubMed, 31(4), 305–12.

Mischke C, Verbeek JH, Job J, Morata TC, Alvesalo A, Neuvonen K, Pedlow RI. 2013. Occupational safety and health enforcement tools for preventing occupational diseases and injuries. Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (8).

Morand A, Brown M, Casten T. 2004. Bagasse cogeneration–global review and potential. World Alliance for decentralized energy (WADE).

Munir A, Ashraf MA, Nasir A, Hensel O, Iqbal M. 2012. Ergonomics and occupational health in sugar industry of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences 10, 74-9.

Okelloh O, Ogonda A, Ogolla S, Tonui K, Onyango R. 2013. Quality assurance for occupational health and safety administration (OSHA) in the morgue. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 3(19), 1-11.

OSHA E. 2011. European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2008. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders: prevention report.

Paula U, Zanetta DM, Terra-Filho M, Burdmann EA. 2015. Burnt sugarcane harvesting is associated with acute renal dysfunction. 87(4), 792–799.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ki.2014.306.

Petersen D. 1996. Safety by Objectives. (2ed.). New York: John Wiley press.

Prado GF, Zanetta DMT, Arbex MA, Braga AL, Pereira LAA, Marchi MRR, Gonçalves FT. 2012. Burnt sugarcane harvesting: particulate matter exposure and the effects on lung function, oxidative stress, and urinary 1-hydroxypyrene. Science of the Total Environment 437, 200-208.

Ramsey JD. 1995. Task performance in heat: a review. Ergonomics 38(1), 154-165.

Ramsey JD, Burford CL, Beshir MY, Jensen RC. 1983. Effects of workplace thermal conditions on safe work behavior. Journal of safety Research 14(3), 105-114.

Ribeiro H. 2008.Sugarcane burns in Brazil: effects on respiratory health.Journal of Public Health 42, 370-376.

Rocha FLR, Marziale MHP, Robazzi MLDCC. 2007. Poverty as a predisposing factor of illness tendencies in sugar cane workers. Latin American Journal of Nursing 15, 736-741.

Rotich L, Kwasira J. 2015. Assessment of success factors in the implementation of occupational health and safety programs in tea firms in Kenya: a case of Kaisugu tea factory. Int J Econ Commer Manag 3, 797-812.

Sawka MN, Wenger CB, Montain SJ, Kolka MA, Bettencourt B, Flin S, Scott C. 2003. Heat stress control and heat casualty management (No. MISC-04-13).

Scopinho RA. 1995. Business pedagogy of work control and worker health: the case of a distillery plant in Ribeirão Preto region. Sao Carlos: UFSCar.

Siqueira SLD, Kruse MHL. 2008. Agrochemicals and human health: contributions of healthcare professionals. USP School of Nursing Journal 42(3), 584-590.

Steger MB. 2017. Globalization: A very short introduction 86, Oxford University Press.

Sugar Association. 2015. Sugar and heart health: what are the facts? [Accessed August 11, 2015 [Google Scholar]

https://www.sugar.org/sugar-heart-health-facts/

Taubes G, Couzens CK. 2012. Big sugar’s sweet little lies. Mother Jones.

Tompa E, Kalcevich C, Foley M, McLeod C, HoggJohnson S, Cullen K, Irvin E. 2016. A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement. American journal of industrial medicine 59(11), 919-933.

Trabanino RG, Aguilar R, Silva CR, Mercado MO, Merino RL. 2002. End-stage renal disease among patients in a referral hospital in El Salvador. Revista panamericana de salud publica= Pan American journal of public health 12(3), 202-206.

Trabanino RG, Aguilar R, Silva CR, Mercado MO, Merino RL. 2002. Terminal nephropathy in patients of a referral hospital in El Salvador. Pan American Journal of Public Health, 12, 202-206.

Vander HF, Basnet P, Hoonakker PL, Lehtola MM, Lappalainen J, Frings MH,  Verbeek JH. 2018. Interventions to prevent injuries in construction workers. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (2).

Vanwonterghem K. 1996. Work-related musculoskeletal problems among workers in Iranian Sugar Production Industry: some ergonomics considerations. Journal of Human Ergology 25(1), 5-13.

Vilela RADG, Laat EFD, Luz VG, Silva AJND, Takahashi MAC. 2015. Pressure for production and risks production: the dangerous athon marathon’of sugar cane manual cutting. Brazilian Journal of Occupational Health 40(131), 30-48.

Wesseling C, Aragón A, González M, Weiss I, Glaser J, Bobadilla NA. 2016. Kidney function in sugarcane cutters in Nicaragua: a longitudinal study of workers at risk of Mesoamerican nephropathy. Environmental Research 147, 125–132.

WHO. 2008. Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social deter­minants of health. Final Report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health. [Internet].

Wijkström J, González M, Hernandez M, Trujillo Z, Hultenby K, Ring A, Wernerson A. 2017. Renal morphology, clinical findings, and progression rate in Mesoamerican nephropathy. American journal of kidney diseases 69(5), 626-636.

World Health Organization. WHO. 2014. Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. [Accessed October 20 2014];

Zanko M, Dawson P. 2012. Occupational health and safety management in organizations: A review. International Journal of Management Review, and estimates.

Muhammad Ehtisham Zafar, Zia-Ul-Haq, M. Adnan Islam, Hamza Muneer Asam, Abdul Qadeer, Talha Mehmood.
Occupational Health, Safety and Ergonomic Issues of Sugar Industry- A Review.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(4), 206-221, April 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/occupational-health-safety-ergonomic-issues-sugar-industry-review/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update