International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Are personal protective equipment of pesticides use a priority of farmers at the cost of health?

By: Rehmat Ullah, Khalid Nawab, Kalim Ullah, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Yousaf Hayat, Inam Ullah, Rahmat Ullah, Asif Nawaz, Shahzad Malik

Key Words: Pesticides, Acute poisoning, Personal protective equipment, Pictograms, Health.

Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 66-82, March 2020.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.3.66-82

Certification: ijb 2020 0018 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Pesticides act like double edge sword i.e. on one side it helps to protect crops but on the other side it has great adverse effect if not handled properly. Personal protective equipment are the gears which can minimize the adverse health effect over the farmer’s health. Keeping in view the importance of farmer’s health at stake due to ill practices of pesticides use the present study was conducted with an attempt to identify whether personal protective equipment are been in use of the farming community, their knowledge about misuse of pesticides and self-reported acute poisoning cases. The instant study was conducted in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan during 2018. It was found that majority of the respondents were not utilizing personal protective equipment whereas were also not aware fully from the pictograms made over pesticides containers for the safe handling of pesticides. Furthermore, it was also found that majority of the farmers had been suffered from various acute poisoning due to pesticides use i.e. head ach, itching, eye irritation, blisters, shortness of breath, burning sensation, nausea etc. It was also found that following labels/instructions of pesticides containers has significantly decreases the acute poisoning cases.  It is suggested that the farmers should be properly trained in appropriate use of pesticides and understanding of labels for following proper recommendations.

| Views 61 |

| Views 61 |

Are personal protective equipment of pesticides use a priority of farmers at the cost of health?

Anwar T. 2008. Pesticide Residues in Water, Soil, Fruits and Vegetables in Cotton Growing Areas of Sindh and Lower Punjab (PhD Thesis), University of Karachi, Karachi, p 4-89.

Cronbach LJ. 1951. Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests. Psychometrika. 16(3), 297–334.

Ecobichon DJ. 2001. Pesticide Use in Developing Countries. Toxicology 160, 27-33.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0300-483x(00)00.452-2

Giri YP, Maharjan1 R, Sporleder M, Kroschel J. 2009. Pesticide use practices and awareness among potato growers inNepal. 15th Triennial ISTRC Symposium, p 34-43.

Henry L. 2003. Levels of Some Pesticides in Environmental Samples from Southern Lake Victoria and Its Catchments and Their Chemodynamics in Tilapia Species, Water and Sediments under Experimental Conditions. PhD Thesis, University of Dar es Salaam P 1-60.

http://dx.doi.org//10.4314/Tjs.V29i1.183.68

Huang J, Qiao F, Zhang L, Rozelle S. 2000. Farm Pesticide, Rice Production and Human Health (Research Reports). International Development Research Centre Ottawa, Canada.

Jensen HK, Konradsen F, Jors E, Petersen Dalsgaard A. 2011. Pesticide use and self-reported symptoms of acute pesticide poisoning among aquatic farmers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Journal of Toxicology 7(3), 1-8.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/639814

Jørs E, Morant RC, Aguilar GC, Huici O, Lander F, Bælum J, Konradsen F. 2006. Occupational Pesticide Intoxications among Farmers in Bolivia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Environmental Health 5, p 10.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-5.10

Kasely DJ, Kumar K. 1989. The Collection, Analysis and Use of Monitoring and Evaluation data. The World Bank, IFAD, FAO London: John Hophkins University Press.

Khan MS, Shah MM, Mahmood Q, Hassan A, Akbar K. 2011. Assessment of Pesticide Residues on Selected Vegetables of Pakistan. Journal of Chemical Society of Pakistan 33(6), 816-821.

Larrea L, Perchet C, Creac’h C, Convers P, Peyron R, Laurent B, Mauguiere F, Magnin M.  2010. Operculo-Insular Pain (Parasylvian Pain): A Distinct Central Pain Syndrome Brain 133(9), 2528-39.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awq220

Lekei E, Ngowi AV, London L. 2016.  Under Reporting of Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Tanzania: Modelling Results from Two Cross-Sectional Studies. Environmental Health 15, p 118.

McCauley L, Beltran M, Phillips J, Lasarev M, Sticker D. 2001. The Oregon Migrant Farm Workers Community: An Evolving Model for Participatory Research. Environ Health Perspective 109, 449-455.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.01109s3449

Mengistie AP, Mol J, Oosterveer P. 2017. Pesticide use Practices among Smallholder Vegetable Farmers in Ethiopian Central Rift Valley. Environmental Sustainable Development 19, 301–324.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10668-015-9728-9.

Menzler-Hokkanen I. 2006. Socioeconomic Significance of Biological Control. In: Eilenberg, (Eds.) Ecological and Societal Approach to Biological Control, p 13-25. ISBN 1-4020- 4320-1(H).

Quandt SA, Arcury TA, Rao P, Snively BM, Camann DE. 2004. Agricultural and Residential Pesticides In Wipe Samples From Farmworker Family Residences In North Carolina and Virginia. Environ. Health Perspective 112, 382-387.

Sainju R. 2015. Farmers Knowledge, Practices and Perceived Health Symptoms Associated with Pesticides used in Thimi, Bhaktapur, Nepal. International Journal of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences 1(1), 23-27.

Saleh A, Neiroukh F, Ayyash O, Gasteyer S. 1995. Pesticide Usage in the West Bank. Applied Research Institute -Jerusalem (ARIJ).

Sharma D, Pakade YB, Katnoria JK, Nagpal A. 2010. Analytical Methods for Estimation of Organophosphorus Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables, Talanta 82, 1077-1089.

Tariq MI, Afzal S, Hussain I, Sultana N. 2007. Pesticide Exposure in Pakistan: A Review. Environment International 33(8), 1107-1122.

Rehmat Ullah, Khalid Nawab, Kalim Ullah, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Yousaf Hayat, Inam Ullah, Rahmat Ullah, Asif Nawaz, Shahzad Malik.
Are personal protective equipment of pesticides use a priority of farmers at the cost of health?.
Int. J. Biosci. 16(3), 66-82, March 2020.
https://innspub.net/ijb/personal-protective-equipment-pesticides-use-priority-farmers-cost-health/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update