International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Effect of harvesting stage on seed yield and quality of Okra sown at different dates

By: Farzana Begum, Gohar Ayub

Key Words: Sowing times, Okra, Harvesting stages, Seed yield, Quality

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(1), 154-166, July 2020.

Certification: jbes 2020 0312 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Field experiment was conducted to study the effect of harvesting stages i.e. (mature pod of turning stage, brown undried stage and brown dried stage) on seed yield and quality attributes of okra sown at different dates (March 10, March 30, April 19 and May 9) at Agriculture Research Institute Tarnab Peshawar, during 2016 and 2017. A Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with split plot arrangement having sowing dates as the main plot factor, while harvesting stages as sub plot factor was used. The average of two years results showed that maximum number of seeds pod-1 (58.09), seed weight pod-1 (3.57g), 1000 seed weight (g), seed yield (1.72t ha-1), germination (79%) and seedling vigor index (2114.16) was observed in plants sown on March 30 as compared to late sown plants on May 9. As for as harvesting stages are concerned, maximum seed weight pod-1 (3.57g), 1000 seed weight (61.33g), seed yield (1.67t ha-1), germination (80.73%), and seedling vigor index (2181.73) was recorded when seeds were harvested at brown dried stage. The D x H interaction significantly influenced seed weight pod-1, germination and seedling vigor index.

| Views 48 |

| Views 48 |

Effect of harvesting stage on seed yield and quality of Okra sown at different dates

AbdulBaki AA, Anderson JD. 1973. Vigor Determination in Soybean Seed by Multiple Criteria. Crop Science 13, 630-633.

Agrawal PK. 1980. Genotypic variation on seed dormancy of paddy and simple method to break it. Seed Research 9(1), 20-27.

Alan O, Eser B. 2008. The effect of fruit maturity and post-harvest ripening on seed quality in hot and conic pepper cultivars. Seed Sci. and Tech 36(2), 467-474.

Anitha P, Sadhankumar PG, Rajan S. 2001. Effect of methods of drying on seed quality in okra. Vegetable Sci 29(1), 99-100.

Ariyo OJ. 1987. Stability of performance of okra as influenced by planting date. Theor. Appl. Genet                     74, 83-86.

Ashok S, Sajjan M, Shekargouda BD, Biradar KN, Pawar, Devaranvadgi SB. 2005. Fruit development and seed maturation studies in Okra (Ablemoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.). Indian J. Agric. Res 39, 310-312.

Ashok S, Sajjan M, Shekhargouda Badanur VP. 2002. Influence of date of sowing, spacing and levels of nitrogen on yield attributes seed yield in okra. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci 15(2), 267-274.

Barnwal AK, Pal AK, Tiwari A, Pal S, Singh AK. 2017. Effect of Picking Stages on Fruit and Seed Development in Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] Cultivars Kashi Pragati and Kashi Kranti. Inter. J. of Agri. Envi. and Biotech 10(6), 695-701.

Berchie JN, Djietror A, Osei CK. 2004. Effect of pod maturation on vegetative growth, fruit yield and seed germination of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Agri. and Food Sci. J. of Ghana 3, 227-235.

Bewley JD, Black M. 1994. Seed: Physiology of Development and Germination. 2nd ed. Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA. 445 p.

Bortey HM, Dzomeku BM. 2016.Fruit and seed quality of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]as influenced by harvesting stage and drying method. Indian J. Agric. Res 50(4), 330-334

Chattopadhyay A, Dutta S, Chatterjee S. 2011. Seed yield and quality of okra as influenced by sowing dates. African J. of Biotech 10(28), 5461-5467.

Chauhan KS, Bhandari YM. 1971. Pod development and germination studies in okra (Abelmoschus esculenthus (L.) Moench). Indian J. Agri. Sci 41(10), 852-856.

De Bittencourt SRM, Grzybowski CRDS, Panobianco M, Vieira RD. 2012. Alternative methodology for the accelerated aging test for corn seeds. Cienc. Rural 42, 1360-1365.

Demir I, Ermis S. 2005. Effect of harvest maturity and drying method on okra seed quality. Seed Technology 27, 81-88.

Demir I. 1994. Development of seed quality during seed development in okra. Acta Hort 362, 125-132.

Devadas VS, Rani TG, Kuriakose KJ, Nair SR. 1998. A note on fruit and seed development in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Veg. Sci 25(2), 187-189.

Dhingra HR. 2009. Morfological reaturea and reproductive biology. Inc: Okra Handbook (Ed. Dhankhar, B.S. and Singh, R.).HNB Publication, New York pp. 25-36.

El-Balla MMA, Said A, Makkawi M. 2011. Effect of moisture content and maturity on hardseededness and germination in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Int J Plant Physiol Biochem 3(6), 102-107.

El-Hag MA. 1979. Some aspects of okra seed production. M.Sc, thesis Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan p. 120.

El-Waraky YB. 2014. Effect of Sowing Date, Plant Density and Phosphorus Fertilization on Seed Yield of Okra. Alex. J. Agric. Res 59(1), 27-41.

Farrag MM. 1995. Yield of 23 mung bean accessions as affected by planting date under El-Menia conditions. Assiut J. of Agri. Sci 26(2), 49-62.

George RAT. 1985. Vegetable seed production. Longman, London

Godon IL, Balaam LN, Derera NF. 1979. Selection against sprouting damage in wheat. 111. Harvest ripeness, grain maturity and germinability. Australian J. of Agri, Res 30, 1-17.

Gupta A, Roa JV, Shrinivas K. 1982. Response of okra to date of sowing and plant spacing . Vegetable Sci 8(2), 69-74.

Gwathmey CO, Bange MP, Brodrick R. 2016. Cotton crop maturity: A compendium of measures and predictors. Field Crops Res 191, 41-53.

Hampton JG, Boelt B, Rolston MP, Chastain TG. 2013. Effects of elevated CO2 and temperature on seed quality. J. Agric. Sci 151, 154-162.

Harrington JF. 1960. Seed storage and longevity. In seed Biology (Kozlowsli, T.T. Ed.) 3, 145-245.

Hedau NK, Singh G, Mahajan V, Singh SRK, Gahlain A. 2010. Seed quality and vigour in relation to nodal position and harvesting stage of okra under mid hills of North-western Himalayas. Indian J. Hort 67, 251-253.

Hossain MD, Salam MA, Islam MS, Masud MAT. 1999. Yield and quality of Okra (BARI Dherosh-1) seed as influenced by time of sowing and plant spacing. Bangladesh J Seed Sci Tech 3(1-2), 83-87.

Huda MN, Samiruddin M. 1987. Vegetable Seed Technology in Bangladesh. 1st Pub. BADC, Dhaka. 282 p.

Ibrahim H, Oladiran JA. 2011. Effect of fruit age and position on mother-plant on fruit growth and seed quality in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). Inter. J. of Sci. and Nature 2(3), 587- 592.

Incalcaterra G, Vetrano F, Stoffella PJ, Cantliffe DJ Damato G. 2000. Effect of two sowing dates and plastic mulch on okra production. Acta-Horticulturae 533, 329-336.

ISTA. 2017. International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Sci. & Technol. International Rule for Seed Testing. Chapter 9, Germination.

Kandpal LM, Lohumi S, Kim MS, Kangand JS, Cho BK. 2016. Near-infrared hyperspectral imaging system coupled with multivariate methods to predict viability and vigor in muskmelon seeds. Sensors Actuators B: Chem 229, 534-544.

Khatun A, Kabir G, Bhuiyan MAH. 2009. Effect of harvesting stages on the seed quality of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) during storage. Bangladesh J Agril. Res 34(4), 565-576.

Manohar MS. 1969. Pod development and germination of Bhindi (Abelmoschus esculentus). Exp. Agric 7, 249-255.

Meija RP. 1985. Seed quality of ten soybean entries as affected by weather and fungal seed infection. M.Sc. Thesis. Dept. of Agronomy, Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State, MS.

Mistry KK, Hossain T. 2008. Determination of physiological maturity in okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] seed. Inter. J. of Sustainable Agri. Tech 4(2), 25-30.

Mohamed MS, Ahmed HMI Ismail AI. 2016. Seed Yield and Quality of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) as Influenced by Sowing Dates, Harvest Date and Pod Position. J. Plant Production 7(11), 1137-1145.

Moniruzzaman M, Uddin MZ, Choudhury AK. 2007. Response of okra seed crop to sowing time and plant spacing in south eastern hilly region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res 32(3), 393-402.

Mugnisjah WO, Nakamura S. 1984. Vigour of soyabean seed production from different harvest dates and phosphorus fertilizer application. Seed Science and Technology 12, 483-491.

Muhammad A, Anjum MA, Ahmed A. 2001. Comparative study on the performance of some exotic okra cultivars. Inter. J. of Agri. and Bio 3(4), 423-425.

Muhammad S, Rehman A, Malik AA, Khan MS, Zakaria. 2015. Effect of sowing dates on the yield and seed production of okra cultivars in Mansehra. J. of Bio. Agri. and Healthcare 5(9), 9-15.

Nonnecke IL. 1989. Vegetable Production. Van Nostrand Reinhold AVI Publishing pp. 608-609.

Oladiran JA, Agunbiade SA. 2000 Germination and seedling development from pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seeds following storage in different packaging materials. Seed Sci. and Tech 28, 413-419.

Passam HC, Akoumiankis K, Sarigiannidi A. 1998. The effect of time of sowing on the production of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) seed in the Mediterranean region. Plant varieties and seeds 11, 145-150.

Perry DA. 1977. Seed Vigour and Field Establiblishment. Horticulture Abstract 42, 334-342.

Powell AA. Seed vigour and its assessment. In Handbook of Seed Science and Technology; Basra, A.S., Ed.; Food Products Press: New York, NY, USA, 2006 pp. 603–648.

Prabhakar RS, Hegde DM, Srinivas K, Doijode SD. 1985. Seed quality and productivity of okra in relation to nodal position of pod. South Indian Horti. 33, 115-117.

Purewal SS, Rhandhawa GE. 1947. Studies in hibiscus esculentus (Ladyfinger) (Okra) I. Chromosome and pollen studies. Indian J. Agr. Sci. 17, 129-136.

Rahman MM, Rahman MM, Hossain MM. 2013. Effect of sowing date on germination and vigour of Soybean (Glycine max L.) seeds. The Agrilcurists 11(1), 67-75.

Rajanna B, Andrew CH. 1970. Trends in seed maturation of rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Proc. Assoc. Off. Seed Analysts 10(1/2), 188-196.

Randhawe GS. 1967. Growth and development of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench) as influenced by time of sowing and row spacing .J. of Res. P.A.U. Luchiana 4, 365-69.

Sajjan A, Jamadar MM. 2003. Influence of harvesting stage and drying methods on seed quality in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Karnataka J. of Agri. Sci 16(3), 461-464.

Setubal JW, Zanin ACW, Nakagawa J. 1994. Effects of harvesting methods and fruit position in plant on hard seed occurrency in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.). Sci. Agr 51(3), 490-493.

Shahid MA, Rehman AA, Malik, Khan MS, Zakaria. 2015. Effect of Sowing Dates on the Yield and Seed Production of Okra Cultivars in Mansehra. J. of Bio. Agri. and Healthcare 5(9), 172-176.

Sharif A, Wahab, Justus M. 2002. Comparative studies on the effect of sowing dates and spacing on the growth and yield of okra in different years. J. of Biolog. Sci 3(12), 1173-1180.

Singh H, Sidhu AS. 1985. Effects of fruit maturity and water soaking of fruits on seed germination of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). J. Res. Punjab Agri. Univ 22(3), 449-452.

Singh RP, Prasad PVV, Reddy KR. 2013. Impacts of changing climate and climate variability on seed production and seed industry. Adv. Agron 118, 49-110.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics. 2nd ed. McGraw Hill, New York.

TeKrony DM, Egli DB, Philips A.D. 1980. Effect of field weathering and the viability and vigour of Soyabean seed. Agronomy J 72, 749-753.

Thuzar M, Puteh AB, Abdullah NAP, Lassim MBM, Jusoff K. 2010. The effects of temperature stress on the quality and yield of Soyabean [(Glycine max L.) Merrill.]. J. Agric. Sci 2, 172-179.

Tindall HD. 1983. Vegetables in the Tropics. McMillan AVI pp. 325-327.

Verma MK, Srivastava BK, Singh MP. 2004. Effect of fruit position and stage of harvesting on the seed quality of okra. Veg. Sci 31(1), 73-74.

Yadav SK, Dhankhar BS, Deswal DP, Tomer RPS. 2002. Effect of sowing date and plant geometry on seed production and quality of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) cv. Varsha Uphar. Seed Res., 29(2), 149-152.

Farzana Begum, Gohar Ayub.
Effect of harvesting stage on seed yield and quality of Okra sown at different dates.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 17(1), 154-166, July 2020.
https://innspub.net/jbes/effect-harvesting-stage-seed-yield-quality-okra-sown-different-dates/
Copyright © 2020
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update