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Hydro-chemical and statistical assessment of ground-water quality of mithi area of Tharparkar District, Sindh, Pakistan

By: *Kashif Ahmed, Tahir Rafique

Key Words: Water analysis, Ground water, Fluoride content

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 20(3), 1-8, March 2022.

Certification: jbes 2022 0366 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

An analytical examination of ground-water samples from various areas of Mithi area of Tharparkar District in the Thar Desert was carried out and the data obtained has been compared with WHO standards. Most of the analyzed samples don’t meet WHO standards with respect to sodium, chloride nitrate and fluoride ions. Sulfate, calcium and magnesium ions have also been found in higher concentrations. Presence of above indicated ions make the water contaminated and unfit for human consumption in most of these places.

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Hydro-chemical and statistical assessment of ground-water quality of mithi area of Tharparkar District, Sindh, Pakistan

Hussain J, Hussain I, Sharma KC. 2010. Fluoride and health hazards: community perception in a fluorotic area of central Rajasthan (India): an arid environment. Environ Monit Assess 162(1-4), 1-14.

DOI: 10.1007/s10661-009-0771-6. Epub 2009 Mar 6. PMID: 19266303.

Mallah QH. 1998. Archaeological Survey in the Southeastern Pakistan: The Thar Desert of Sindh, Scientific Sindh 5, 165-178.

Rafique T, Ahmed I, Soomro F, Khan MH. 2015. Fluoride Levels in Urine, Blood Plasma and Serum of People Living in an Endemic Fluorosis Area in the Thar Desert, Pakistan Journal of Chemical Society of Pakistan 37, 1223-1230.

Rafique T, Bhanger MI, Vasandani AGM. 2004. Salinity and drinking water quality problem in the Thar Desert- Its health and social impacts on local population, Proceedings of the National Symposium on Social, Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Water Scarcity in Sindh, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 23-31

Rafique T, Naseem S, Bhanger MI, Usmani TH. 2008. Fluoride ion contamination in the ground-water of Mithi sub-district, the Thar Desert, Pakistan. Environ. Geol 56, 317-326.

Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 1999. 19th Edition, APHA, AWWA & WPCF, Washington.

UNICEF. 2000. Report on Fluoride in water.

WHO. 1984. Guide Line for drinking water quality recommended by (WHO) Geneva.

*Kashif Ahmed, Tahir Rafique.
Hydro-chemical and statistical assessment of ground-water quality of mithi area of Tharparkar District, Sindh, Pakistan.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 20(3), 1-8, March 2022.
https://innspub.net/jbes/hydro-chemical-and-statistical-assessment-of-ground-water-quality-of-mithi-area-of-tharparkar-district-sindh-pakistan/
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