International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Importance of cinnamon as a growth and immunity promoter in Ctenopharyngodon idella

By: Filza Ghafoor, Zunaira Maqsood, Sana Liaqat, Ashir Masroor, Fatima Khan, Mudssar Aslam, Umer Liaqat, Muhammad Huzaifa Mahmood

Key Words: Aquaculture production, Feeding innovations, Grass carp feed, Cinnamon importance, Less expensive aquaculture.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(3), 26-30, March 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0328 [Generate Certificate]


Aquaculture practices always strive for the betterment of human lives and for providing cheaper resources for fish production. As fish is the most common food source all over the world, its sustainable production is very important. The use of herbs provides a cheaper way towards the progress of aquaculture. Herbs are used in place of expensive chemicals and growth enhancers. Like others, cinnamon is also a good alternate for growth chemicals. Cinnamon is an aggregate of many related species with different names depending on the environmental conditions of different landmasses. Cinnamon contains many compounds and chemicals which are important for fish growth. Cinnamon when added to fish feed makes the fish fight against stress and grow healthy than before. Cinnamaldehydes, polyphenols, carbohydrates, flavonoids, etc., boost up the immune system of fish and act as an important antioxidant and antibiotic species. It fastens the growth rate of fish and enhances the other growth and blood parameters as compared to other aquaculture systems using chemicals. Moreover, the use of cinnamon as a growth and immunity promotor is cheaper and environmentally friendly.

| Views 116 |

| Views 116 |

Importance of cinnamon as a growth and immunity promoter in Ctenopharyngodon idella

Baruah K, Norouzitallab P, Debnath D, Pal AK, Sahu NP. 2008. Organic acids as non-antibiotic nutraceuticals in fish and prawn feed. Aquaculture Health International 12, 4-6.

Begum K, Eshik ME, Punom NJ, Abedin M, Rahman MS. 2018. Growth performances and bacterial load of Heteropneustes fossilis (bloch, 1794) using cinnamon as feed supplement. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 46, 155- 166.

Dairun S, Setiawati M, Suprayudi MA, Utomo NBP. 2018. Utilization of cinnamon Cinnamomum burmannii leaves and shrimp head in the feed on growth performance of catfish Pangasianodon hypopthalmus. Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia 17, 87- 93.

FAO. 2016. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016, Rome. 56pp.

Gruenwald J, Freder J, Armbruster N. 2010. Cinnamon and health. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 50, 822-834.

Gunawardena D, Karunaweera N, Lee S, Kooy FD, Harman DG, Raju R, Bennett L, Gyengesi E, Sucher NJ, Munch G. 2015. Anti-inflammatory activity of cinnamon (C. zeylanicum and C. cassia) extracts–identification of E-cinnamaldehyde and o-methoxy cinnamaldehyde as the most potent bioactive compounds. Food and Function 6, 910-919.

Handayani H, Widodo W. 2010. Fish nutrition Ed. 1. UMM Press, Malang 34pp.

Hardy RW. 2010. Utilization of plants proteins in fish diets effects of global demand and supplies of Fishmeal. Aquaculture Research 41, 770-776.

Kanghear H, Suanyuk N, Khongpradit R, Subhadhirasakul S, Supamattaya K. 2005. Effect of cinnamon bark oil (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume) on the prevention of streptococcosis in sex-reversed red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × O. mossambicus). Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology 27, 327-358.

Khan AM, Shakir HA, Khan MN, Abid M, Mirza MR. 2008. Ichthyofaunal survey of some freshwater reservoirs in Punjab. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 18, 155-157.

Kristan J, Blecha M, Policar T. 2018. Survival and growth rates of juvenile grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon Idella) overwintered in ponds and recirculating aquaculture systems including a comparison of production economics. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 19, 261-266.

Kucukbay FZ, Yazlak H, Shin N, Cakmak MN. 2006. Effects of dietary chromium picolinate supplementation on serum glucose, cholesterol and minerals of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture International 14, 259-266.

Mohammad HA, Amani MD, Mesallamy E, Samir F, Zahran F. 2011. Effect of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) on Growth Performance, Feed Utilization, Whole Body Composition, and Resistance to Aeromonas hydrophila in Nile Tilapia. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 23, 289-298.

NRC (Nutritional Research Council). 2011. Nutrient requirement of fish and shrimp. National Academic Press, Washington DC 392- 393.

Nugroho IF. 2016. Additional leaves cinnamon (Cinnamomun burmannii) in mandiri’s feed on growth performance of striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypopthalmus). Bogor Agricultural University Bogor 65, 23-27.

Ogunkalu OA. 2019. Effects of feed additives in fish feed for improvement of aquaculture. Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 3, 49-57.

Rahmawati HH, Ubaidillah MF. 2017. The effect different dosage of cinnamomum leaves (Cinnamomum burmannii) supplementation on growth and survival rate of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Aquacult. Indones 18, 62-66.

Rolin F, Setiawati M, Jusadi D. 2015. Evaluation of the addition of cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) leaves extract in diet for growth performance of catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) Sauvage, 1878. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia 15, 201- 208.

Setiawati M, Jusadi D, Marlinda S, Syafruddin D. 2014. Effect of addition Cinnamomun burmanni leaf in the diet on the growth performance and nutrient composition of Pangasius hypopthalmus. Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science 19, 80-84.

Shan B, Cai YZ, Brooks JD, Corke H. 2009. Antibacterial and antioxidant effects of five spice and herb extracts as natural preservatives of raw fish. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 89, 1879-185.

Song GS, Lin WL, Zeng QX, Zhu ZW. 2012. Relation between protein characteristics and TPA texture characteristics of crisp grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Journal of Texture Studies 43, 1-11.

Wong YC, Mudzaqqir MYA, Nerdiyana WAW. 2014. Extraction of essential oil from cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Oriental Journal of Chemistry 39, 37-47.

Younes R, Narges M, Zahra Z, Jalil S, Masoud H. 2013. Effect of different levels of powdered cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicm) in the diet of fish green terror (Andinocara rivulatus) index, blood glucose and survival. Breeding Aquaculture Science Quartly Fall 1, 41-52.

Filza Ghafoor, Zunaira Maqsood, Sana Liaqat, Ashir Masroor, Fatima Khan, Mudssar Aslam, Umer Liaqat, Muhammad Huzaifa Mahmood.
Importance of cinnamon as a growth and immunity promoter in Ctenopharyngodon idella.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(3), 26-30, March 2021.
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
innspub logo
english language editing
    Publish Your Article
    Submit Your Article
Email Update