International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Particular effects of steppic plants in the rehabilitation of degraded soils, ability to control wind erosion

By: Hamida Mallem, Zohra Houyou, Atika Benrima, Renate Wesselingh, Mohamed Kouidri, Djamila Ameur, Hatem Chaar

Key Words: Arid zones, Vegetation, Wind erosion, Soil dune.

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 347-355, July 2018.

Certification: jbes 2018 0032 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In arid zones, plowing and overgrazing, accentuate steppe degradation risk, silting and wind erosion are the consequences, plants disappear and others persist and adapt. We aimed in this study, to identify steppic plants that can grow in a silted environment and find their effects on dune soil. Under three perennial plants (Retama raetam, Aristida pungens, and Astragalus armatus); the texture, physical and microbiological soil characteristics, were analyzed and compared to those of dune soil without vegetation. The results of the fixed and unfixed dune, soil characteristics were different; the micro dune under A. pungens did not contain silt and clay (0%). The micro dune fixed by A. armatus contained more silt and clay with respectively (9%, 10%). The micro-dune of the soil fixed by R. raetam showed the highest contents in N, C and bacterial richness with respectively (0,08%, 0,82%, 1,21×105 ufc/g). The micro dune fixed by A. pungens showed a high content of, CaCO3, electrical conductivity and fungal richness with respectively (2.37%, 0.92ms/cm, and 0.63×105 germ/g). We noted at the end of this study, particular effects of each plant in the rehabilitation of degraded soils. The association of these plants had a complementary effect, which could be used to control wind erosion.

| Views 68 |

Particular effects of steppic plants in the rehabilitation of degraded soils, ability to control wind erosion

Cost H, Sanglerat G.1981. Cours pratique de mécanique des sols. Dunod, Paris.

Danin A, Bar-Or Y, Yisraeli T. 1989. The role of cyanobacteria in stabilization of sand dunes in southern Israel. Ecologia Mediterranea 15, 55-64.

Danin A. 1991. Plant adaptations in desert dunes. Journal of Arid Environments 21, 193-212.

Danin A. 1996. Plants of desert dunes, In Adaptation of Organisms to the Desert. Ed. J L Cloudsley-Thompson. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg p. 177.

Dougill AJ, Thomas AD. 2002. Nebkha dunes in the Molopo Basin, South Africa and Botswana, formation controls and their validity as indicators of soil degradation. Journal of Arid Environments    50, 413-428.

Dregne H. 1983. Desertification of arid lands. Harwood Academic Publisher p. 242.

Durán O, Silva MVN, Bezerra LJC, Herrmann HJ, Maia LP. 2008. Measurements and numerical simulations of the degree of activity and vegetation cover on parabolic dunes in north-eastern Brazil. Geomorphology 102, 460-471.

El-Bana MI, Nijs I, Khedr AA. 2003. The importance of phytogenic mounds (Nebkhas) for restoration of arid degraded rangelands in Northern Sinai. RESTOR Ecology 11, 317-324.

El-Bana MI, Nijs I, Kockelbergh F. 2002. Microenvironmental and vegetation heterogeneity induced by phytogenic nebkhas in an arid coastal ecosystem. Plant and Soil 247, 283-293.

El-Bana MI, Zhen Qing Li, Nijs I. 2007. Role of host identity in effects of phytogenic mounds on plant assemblages and species richness on coastal arid dunes. Journal of Vegetation Science 18, 635-644.

Erktan A, Cécillon L, Roose E, Frascaria-Lacoste N, Rey F. 2013. Morphological diversity of plant barriers does not increase sediment retention in eroded marly gullies under ecological rehabilitation (Southern Alps, France). Plant and Soil 370, 653-669.

Franchis L, Ibanez F. 2003. Les menaces sur les sols dans les pays méditerranéens, étude bibliographique. Plan Bleu, Cahier 2, ISBN, 2-912081-13-0, 80p.

Ghazi A, Lahouati R. 1997. Algérie 2010. Sols et Ressources biologiques. Doc. I.N.E.S.G., Alger 38 p.

Guerrache N, Akkouche S, Kadik L. 2014. Etude comparative du sol et de la végétaion des dunes fixées par retama retam. Webb, Tamarix gallica. L et Tamarix aphylla. (L) karst dans le cordon dunaire d’El-Mesrane (W. Djelfa). AJAR 9(19), 1467-1479.

Halvorson JJ, Bolton H, Smith JL, Rossi RE. 1994. Measuring resource islands using geostatistics. Great Basins NATURE 54, 313-328.

Hartmann A, Schmid M, Van Tuinen D, Berg G. 2009. Plant-driven selection of microbes. Plant and Soil 321, 235-257.

Hesp P, McLachlan A. 2000. Morphology, dynamics, ecology and fauna of Arctotheca populifolia and Gazania rigens nabkha dunes. Journal of Arid Environments 44, 155-172.

Houyou Z, Bielders CL, Benhorma HA, Dellal A, Boutemdjet A. 2014. Evidence of strong land degradation by wind erosion as a result of rainfed cropping in the Algerian steppe, a case study at Laghouat. Land degradation and development. DOI, 10.1002/ldr.2295

Ikazaki K, Shinjo H, Tanaka U, Tobita S, Funakawa S, Iwai K, Kosaki T. 2012. Soil and nutrient loss from a cultivated field during wind erosion events in the Sahel, West Africa. Pedologist 55, 355-36.

Jackson ML. 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Constable and Company, London 498 p.

Kidron GJ. 1999. Differential water distribution over dune slopes as affected by slope position and microbiotic crust, Negev desert, Israel. Hydrological Processes 13, 1665-1682.

Klement Z, Rudolph K, Sands DC. 1990. Methods in Phytobacteriology, Akademiai Kiado, Budapest 568p.

Langford RP. 2000. Nabkha (coppice dune) fields of south-central New Mexico, USA. Journal of Arid Environnements 46, 25-41.

Le Floc’h HE. 2001. Biodiversité et gestion pastorale en zones arides et semi-arides méditerranéennes du Nord de l’Afrique. Bocconea 13, 223-237.

Le Houérou HN. 1995. Bioclimatologie et biogéographie des steppes arides du nord de l’Afrique. Options méditerranéennes B 10, 1-396.

Lopez-Pintor A, Gomez Sal A, Rey Benayas JM. 2006. Shrubs as a source of spatial heterogeneity the case of Retama sphaerocarpa in Mediterranean pastures of central Spain. ActaOecologica 29, 247-255.

Mallem H, Houyou Z, Benrima A. 2017. Floristic study of the steppe rangelands in arid regions: effect of sand accumulations, overgrazing, and plowings (case of Mokrane area in Laghouat City). AgroBiologia 7(1), 334-345.

Haut du formulaireMuñoz-Vallés S, Fernández JBG, Dellafiore C, Cambrollé J. 2011. Effects on soil, microclimate and vegetation of the native-invasive Retama monosperma (L.) in coastal dunes. Plant Ecology 212, 169-179.

Nedjraoui D, Bédrani S. 2008. La désertification dans les steppes algériennes, causes, impacts et actions de lutte. Vetig O- la revue en sciences de l’environnement 8(1), 19p .

Ola A, Dodd IC, Quinton JN. 2015. Can we manipulate root system architecture to control soil erosion? SOIL 1, 603-612.

Oussedik A, Iftène T, Zegrar A. 2003. Réalisation par télédétection de la carte d’Algérie de sensibilité à la désertification, Science et changements planétaires/Sécheresse 14(3), 195-201.

Parsons AJ, Wainwright J, Schlesinger WH, Abrahams AD. 2003. The role of overland flow in sediment and nitrogen budgets of mesquite dune fields, southern New Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments 53, 61-71.

Pyke AD, Archer S. 1991. Plant-plant interactions affecting plant establishment and persistence on revegetated rangeland. Journal of Range Management 44, 550-557.

Sarig S, Fliessbach A, Steinberger Y. 1999. Soil microbial biomass under the canopy of coastal sand dune shrubs. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation 13, 75-80.

Verrecchia E, Yair A, Kidron GJ, Verrecchia K. 1995. Physical properties of the Psammophile cryptogamic crust and their consequences to the water regime of sandy soils, north-western Negev Desert, Israel. Journal of Arid Environments 29, 427-438.

Wanga B, Wanga XT, Donga Z, Liuc BX, Qiana G. 2006. Nebka Development and its Significance to Wind Erosion and Land Degradation in Semi-arid Northern China, Journal of Arid Environments 65, 129-141.

Yair A, Lavee H, Greitser N. 1997. Spatial and temporal variability of water percolation and movement in a system of longitudinal dunes, western Negev, Israel. Hydrological Processes 11, 43-58.

Zarnetske PL, Hacker SD, Seabloom EW, Ruggiero P, Killian JR, Madduz TB, Cox D. 2012. Biophysical feedback mediates effects of invasive grasses on coastal dune shape, Ecology 93, 1439-1450.

Hamida Mallem, Zohra Houyou, Atika Benrima, Renate Wesselingh, Mohamed Kouidri, Djamila Ameur, Hatem Chaar.
Particular effects of steppic plants in the rehabilitation of degraded soils, ability to control wind erosion.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 13(1), 347-355, July 2018.
https://innspub.net/jbes/particular-effects-steppic-plants-rehabilitation-degraded-soils-ability-control-wind-erosion/
Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update