International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Reuse of wastewater for irrigation purposes

By: Talat Farid Ahmed, Hashim Nisar Hashmi, Syed Ameer ul Hassan, Usman Ali Naeem, Ashfaq Ahmed Sheikh, Ghulam Nabi, Muhammad Azeem Afzal, Muhammad Atiqullah Khan

Key Words: TDS, SAR, Macrophytes, Domestic wastewater, Duckweed, WSP

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(2), 100-110, February 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0331 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

At present no Macrophyte WSP system under study in many of developing countries like Pakistan, so for promotion of macrophytes based WSP system, detailed pilot scale studies is needed for treating wastewater that can be used for irrigation purposes. In near future, water scarcity is expected all over the world so efforts should be made to address this issue, as most of economy of our country is dependent on agriculture. The aims of this study is to reduce and evaluate the different parameters of domestic wastewater by treating it with macrophtes WSP system with different Hydraulic Retention Times (HRT) so that wastewater can be used for irrigation purposes as per FAO Irrigation Water Quality Guidelines. A macrophytes WSP system model was designed /operated for five experimental runs with each run comprising of different HRT i.e. 3, 5, 7 and 10 days. For treating wastewater, locally available Macrophyte specie Duckweed was used. The different parameters used in this study were; ECw , TDS, SAR, Sodium, Chloride, Boron, Nitrate, Bicarbonate, pH and F Coliform. The average reduction in values of different parameters of wastewater at the start of each run was 31.96%, 31.96%, 42.51%, 31.00%, 22.86%, 34.52%, 30.23%, 50.23%, 20.02% and 41.39% for ECw, TDS, SAR, Sodium, Chloride, Boron, Nitrate, Bicarbonate, pH and F Caliform respectively. After treating wastewater with 10 days HRT, the values of different parameters of wastewater was within the range of FAO guidelines with slight to moderate degree of restriction on use.

| Views 15 |

| Views 15 |

Reuse of wastewater for irrigation purposes

Ali F, Rehman SU, Tareen NM, Ullah K, Ullah A, Bibi T, Laghari S. 2019. Effect of wastewater treatment on the growth of selected leafy vegetables plants. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research 17(2), 1585-1597.

Ali, Z, Mohammad A, Riaz Y, Quraishi UM, Malik RN. 2018. Treatment efficiency of a hybrid constructed wetland system for municipal wastewater and its suitability for crop irrigation. International journal of phytoremediation 20(11), 1152-1161.

Almuktar SAAAN, Scholz M. 2016. Mineral and biological contamination of soil and Capsicum annuum irrigated with recycled domestic wastewater. Agricultural Water Management 167, 95-109.

Bakari Z, Boujelben N, Bouhamed F, Kallel M, Elleuch B. 2017. Effects of Treated Wastewater Irrigation of Sfax, Agareb and Mahres Stations on Olive Plants. In Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (pp. 917-919). Springer, Cham.

Costa DO, Batista RO, Vale HS, Sousa ABD, Dombroski SA, Alves S. 2016. Biological treatment of drippers clogged by the use of treated domestic wastewater. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental 20(7), 595-599.

David PCL, Camilo LAJ, Farid REJ, Felipe MMJ, Stephanie PC, Julio RR, Marina PRA. 2018. Effect of Domestic Wastewater as Co-Substrate on Biological Stain Wastewater Treatment Using Fungal/Bacterial Consortia in Pilot Plant and Greenhouse Reuse. Journal of Water Resource and Protection 10(03), 369.

Gerba CP, Pepper IL. 2019. Municipal Wastewater Treatment. In Environmental and Pollution Science pp. 393-418. Academic Press.

Ines BS, Imed M, Frikha D, Mohamed C, Adele M. 2017. Reclaimed municipal wastewater for forage production. Water Science and Technology 75(8), 1784-1793.

Khan ZM, Asif Kanwar RM, Farid HU, Sultan M, Arsalan M, Ahmad M, Ahson Aslam MM. 2019. Wastewater Evaluation for Multan, Pakistan: Characterization and Agricultural Reuse. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 28(4).

Laaffat J, Aziz F, Ouazzani N, Mandi L. 2019. Biotechnological approach of greywater treatment and reuse for landscape irrigation in small communities. Saudi journal of biological sciences 26(1), 83-90.

Maryam B, Büyükgüngör H. 2019. Wastewater reclamation and reuse trends in Turkey: Opportunities and challenges. Journal of Water Process Engineering 30, 100501.

Perez JM, Davey B, Benites JR. 1987. Nutritional Requirements of Gmeliaarborea”. Tropical Technical Report. North Carolina State University, Raliegn pp. 76-77.

Population Census of Pakistan. 2017. Government of Pakistan.

Shibao Lu a,*, Liang Pei b, Xiao Bai C. 2015. Study on method of domestic wastewater treatment through new-type multi-layer artificial Wetland, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(34), 14 September 2015, Pages 11207-11214.

Zhang Y, Shen Y. 2019. Wastewater irrigation: Past, present, and future. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water 6(3), e1234.

Talat Farid Ahmed, Hashim Nisar Hashmi, Syed Ameer ul Hassan, Usman Ali Naeem, Ashfaq Ahmed Sheikh, Ghulam Nabi, Muhammad Azeem Afzal, Muhammad Atiqullah Khan.
Reuse of wastewater for irrigation purposes.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(2), 100-110, February 2021.
https://innspub.net/jbes/reuse-of-wastewater-for-irrigation-purposes/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update