International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Role of alfalfa in natural environment

By: Saqiba Jogezai, Muhammad Kamran Taj, Farooq Shahzad, Abdul Wadood Khan, Imran Taj, Shumaila Yasmeen, Najeeb Ullah, Saima Azam, Lalbibi, Bibi Sazain, Syeda Ayesha Ali, Ashiq Hussain, Zohra Samreen

Key Words: Alfalfa, Beneficial, Environment, Protection, Plant

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 15(4), 25-31, October 2019.

Certification: jbes 2019 0223 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The Alfalfa deep rooting pattern is highly beneficial to hold soil in place. A canopy of alfalfa quickly covers the soil, protecting the soil from wind and water erosion. The dense vigorous alfalfa canopy shades these weeds and frequent cutting prevents weed seed production. Many crops must be cultivated several times per year to remove weeds. One of the key values of alfalfa is its ability to ‘fix’ nitrogen gas (N2) from the air so that N is available for plant growth. Available N is very limited in the Earth’s crust and is frequently deficient in plants. Nitrogen is a basic building block for plant proteins, and for human protein nutrition. Alfalfa canopies provide an effective cover for many species for feeding, sleeping, nesting, or escaping predators. There is a wide range of insects, both herbivores and predators that are present in large populations in alfalfa fields. High water absorption and deep roots also make it a valuable crop to manage water tables. Roots can efficiently degrade petroleum products and carcinogenic polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Alfalfa can be used for the effective recycling of many different types of organic wastes. It is naturally derived and an evolved product of the Earth, the benefits that arise from using it are abundant. The alfalfa plant is naturally high in many essential vitamins (A, D, E, vitamin B) and minerals.

| Views 5 |

| Views 5 |

Role of alfalfa in natural environment

Ana CA. 2014. Potential of alfalfa for use in chemically and biologically assisted phytoremediation of soil co-contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons and metals. Earth Sciences. PhD thesis, University of Paris-East Marne-la-Vallee Paris, France 1-216.

Andrew K, Karen HB. 2019. Chronosequence and direct observation approaches reveal complementary community dynamics in a novel ecosystem 14, 1-14.

Bora KS, Sharma A. 2011. Phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Medicago sativa: a review. Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology 49, 211-20.

Charles GS. 1998. Integrated pest management in forage Alfalfa. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 3, 127-154.

Dabney SM, Delgado JA, Reeves DW. 2001. Using winter cover crops to improve soil and water quality, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32, 1221-1250.

Dan P, Davis, CA, Michael R, Steve O, Jim K, Lee F, Larry GAK, Rachael L. 2000. The importance and benefits of Alfalfa in the 21st Century. California Alfalfa and Forage Association p. 4-19.

Dr NH, Haresh SK. 2013. Effect of Weed Extract on Forage Quality of Medicago sativaL. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 4, 2685-2687.

Elizabeth SD, Jeffrey E, Allan G, Danny L, Matthew M, Linda TWJP. 2008. Genetic contributions to agricultural sustainability. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 363, 591-609.

Eric S, Bernard T, Francois A, Fernando Antonio MS, Marc C, José HVX, Rabah L, Sylvis R, Martial B, Eric B, Ieda de CM, Stéphane De T. 2013.Conservation agriculture cropping systems in temperate and tropical conditions, performances and impacts. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 33, 113-130.

Gary EH, Norman U. 2019. Symbiotic root-endophytic soil microbes improve crop productivity and provide environmental benefits. Scientifica p. 25.

Giovanni A, Giovanni C, Emanuela R, Pasquale M. 2011. Effect of manure vs. fertilizer inputs on productivity of forage crop models. International journal of environmental research and public health 8, 1893-1913.

Helmut M, Safia M, Rainer W, Jacques C, Nicolas MJ. 2010. Contrasting weed species composition in perennial alfalfas and six annual crops: implications for integrated weed management. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30, 657-666.

Jennifer EF, Jay G, Erika E, Matthew EB, John AM. 2007. Pesticides reduce symbiotic efficiency of nitrogen-fixing rhizobia and host plants. Proceeding of the National Academy of Science United States of America 104, 10282-10287.

John EL, Robert FD. 1998. Positive predator-predator interactions: enhance predation rates and synergistic suppression of aphid population. Ecological Society of America 79, 2143-2152.

Junying Z, Yongli X, Fuping L. 2009. Influence of cow manure vermicompost on plant growth and microbes in rhizosphere on iron tailing.3rd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering. Beijing 1-4.

KatharinaW, Christine H, Erwin S. 2012. Groundwater nitrate contamination: Factors and indicators. Journal of Environmental Management 111, 178-186.

Khaled MB, Mark EG, Richard LS. 2001. Alfalfa water use pinpointed in saline, shallow water tables of Imperial Valley. California Agriculture 55, 38-43.

Kristen LB, James LA, Gary RS, Bruce V. 2009. Effects of agricultural drainage on aquatic ecosystems. Journal Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 39, 909-1001.

Majid BT, Masoud B, Ghodratollah S, Alessio M, Marco B. 2008. Diversity of Sinorhizobium strains nodulating Medicago sativa from different Iranian regions, FEMS Microbiology Letters 288, 40-46.

Martina M, David D. 2009. Plant-associated bacterial degradation of toxic organic compounds in soil. International journal of environmental research and public health 6, 2226-2247.

Messmer TA. 1999. Utah 4-H Wildlife habitat evaluation manual. Utah State University Extension, Logan, UT.

Michelle W, Wendy KS, John BP. 2006. Rates of root and organism growth, soil conditions, and temporal and spatial development of the rhizosphere. Annals of Botany 97, 839-855.

Miriam RA. 2019. What is the nitrogen cycle and why is it key to life. Front. Young Minds 7, 41.

Petr S, Clarice JC, Mike JA, Nigel M, Hanno S, Matthew WB, Jens B, Stephanie LG, Matthew NN, Naghmeh B, Tomas V, Cengiz T, Rachit KS, Manish R, Manish KP, Jinguo H, Ying HL, Li XW, Yong G, Li JQ, Robert JR, Rajeev KV. 2015. Legume crops phylogeny and genetic diversity for science and breeding. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 34, 43-104.

Radovic J, Sokolovic D, Markovic J. 2009. Alfalfa the most important perennial forage legume in animal husbandry. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 25, 465-475.

Read JJ, Jensen EH. 1989. Phytotoxicity of water-soluble substances from alfalfa and barley soil extracts on four crop species. Journal of chemistry and ecology 15, 619-28.

Russell JM, Micheal HR. 1992. Plant toxins and palatability to herbivores. Journal of Range Management 45, 13-18.

Stephane C, Marcel VDH, Angela S. 2010.Climate change effects on beneficial plant–microorganism interactions. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 73, 197-214.

Stephen OD, John LWCK, Thomas BM, Rufus LC, Raymond H. 2012.Glyphosate effects on plant mineral nutrition, crop rhizosphere microbiota, and plant disease in glyphosate-resistant crops. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 60, 10375-10397.

Suat I, DeLynn RH, Bruce EA, William LK, Dean Y. 2007. Irrigation management and crop characteristics of Alfalfa. University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension. Institutes of agriculture and natural resources p. 2-4.

Suresh S, Indrajeet C. 2017. Surface and subsurface transport of nitrate loss from the selected bioenergy crop fields: systematic review, Analysis and Future Directions. Agriculture 7, 2-20.

Yong-Han H, Wen-Wan C, Miaw-Ling C, Bi-Fong L. 2009. Ethyl acetate extracts of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) sprouts inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro and in vivo. Journal of Biomedical Science 16, 64.

Saqiba Jogezai, Muhammad Kamran Taj, Farooq Shahzad, Abdul Wadood Khan, Imran Taj, Shumaila Yasmeen, Najeeb Ullah, Saima Azam, Lalbibi, Bibi Sazain, Syeda Ayesha Ali, Ashiq Hussain, Zohra Samreen.
Role of alfalfa in natural environment.
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 15(4), 25-31, October 2019.
https://innspub.net/jbes/role-alfalfa-natural-environment/
Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update