International network for natural sciences – research journal
  • mendeley icon
  • linkedin icon
  • google plus icon
  • twitter icon
  • google scholar icon
  • facebook icon

Traditional botanical and landscape knowledge of the village community of Gunung Malang, Mount Halimun Salak National Park (MHSNP)

By: Budi Prasetyo

Key Words: Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, PDM, ICS

J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(6), 64-76, June 2021.

Certification: jbes 2021 0331 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The people of Gunung Malang Village, Tenjolaya Subdistrict are traditional communities that have lived and spread for hundreds of years at the foot of Mount Salak, a buffer zone for MHSNP. Their livelihoods depend on farming and gathering forest products. The topography of Mount Halimun makes the area relatively low in biological resources. Likewise, the study of data or literature information related to research results is very rare. In fact, the MHSNP area has tremendous potential for research activities in various disciplines. The aim of this research is to reveal the traditional ecological knowledge and the use of plants by the community of Kampung Pasir Gaok, Gunung Malang Village in interacting with the environment around where they live in order to fulfill their daily needs. This research uses an exploratory method which is based on the emic and ethical approach. Ethnoecological and ethnobotany data collection was obtained through the Pebble Distribution Methods (PDM) method by scoring in a Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Analysis of the importance of each plant species related to local culture is carried out through the Index of Cultural Significance (ICS). The results showed that people’s mindsets, perceptions, and conceptions in interacting with their environment resulted in five landscape units which were then grouped into two categories, namely natural and artificial landscape units. As for the use of plants in their daily life, they classify them into 12 (twelve) useful plants. The people of Kampung Pasir Gaok carry out traditional conservation to protect and care for the biological resources in the MHSNP area based on the protection of the ecosystem as a whole.

| Views 104 |

| Views 104 |

Traditional botanical and landscape knowledge of the village community of Gunung Malang, Mount Halimun Salak National Park (MHSNP)

Ario A. 2007. Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) among human activities: preliminary assessment on the carrying capacity of Mount Salak forest area, Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. Jakarta: Conservation International Indonesia.

Bernard HR. 2002. Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and quantitative methods 3rd edition. California: AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek.

Dewi H, Prasetyo LB, Rinaldi D. 2007. Habitat suitability mapping of silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch Audebert 1797 in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. Media Konservasi 12(1), 1-9.

Galudra G, Sirait M, Ramdhaniaty N, Soenarto F, Nurzaman B. 2005. History of land-use policies and designation of Mount Halimun-Salak National Park. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika XI(1), 1-13.

Kurniawan W, Kusmana C, Basuni S, Munandar, Kholis A. 2013. Landuse conflict analysis at Mount Halimun Salak National Park. Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan 3(1), 23-30.

Lewis JL, Sheppard SRJ. 2006. Culture and com­munication: can landscape visualization improve forest management consultation with indigenous communities?. Landscape and Urban Planning 77, 291-313.

Neuman WL. 2003. Social Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (5th eds). USA: Allyn and Bacon.

Prasetyo B, Chikmawati T, Walujo EB, AMZU E. 2018. Ethnoecology: The traditional landscape of Osing Tribe in Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 19(6), 2003-2009.

Prasetyo B, Chikmawati T, Walujo EB, AMZU E. 2019. Gender perspective of Osing tribe in Banyuwangi in assessment of plant benefits. Berita Biologi 18(2), 185-197.

Prasetyo B. 2019. Ethnobiology of the Osing Tribe Community in Banyuwangi Regency. Dissertation. Bogor: Department of Plant Biology, Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University.

Rinaldi D, Harahap SH, Prawiradilaga DM, Sambas E, Wiriadinata H, Purwaningsih, Febriana I, Widyaningrum IK, Faizin N. 2008. Ecology of corridor Halimun-Salak Mount Halimun Salak National Park. Mount Halimun Salak National Park. Bogor: Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park Management Project (GHSNPMP)-JICA.

Rosa M, Orey DC. 2012. The field of research in ethnomodeling: Emic, ethic and dialectical approaches, Educ Pesqul Sao Paulo 38(4), 865-879.

Saleh C, Munir M. 1990. Ciusul Village Community Development in the Mount Halimun Reserve Area, West Java. Jakarta: Biological Sciences Club, UNAS.

Sheil D, Puri RK, Basuki I, van Heist M, Wan M, Liswanti N, Rukmiyati, Sardjono MA, Samsoedin I, Sidiyasa K. 2002. Eksploring biological diversity, environment and local people’s perspectives in forest lanscapes: Methods for a multidisciplinary assessment. Bogor: Center for International Forestry Research.

Silva AjdR, Andrade Ld HC. 2006. Cultural signifi­cance of plants in communities located in the coastal for­est zone of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, Human Ecol­ogy 34, 447-465.

Somnasang, Prapimporn, Black GM. 2000. Knowing, gathering and eating: knowledge and attitudes about wild food in an Isan village in Northeastern Thailand. J Ethnobot. 20(2), 197-216.

Sundawiati A. 2013. The Implementation of Collaborative Management at Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (GHSNP) Through Conservation Kampong Model (MKK) and Special Zone. Jakarta: Kementerian Kehutanan.

Supriatna J. 1992. Halimun Mountain Nature Reserve: a future conservation, education and research area. Jakarta: Workshop Cagar Alam Gunung Halimun.

Takahashi S. 2006. Field-based research and biodiversity conservation: review and prospects of the Biodiversity Conservation Project in Indonesia, Tropics 15, 261-265.

Tongco Ma DC. 2007. Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 5, 147-158.

Turner NJ. 1988. The importance of a rose: Evaluating the cultural significance of plants in Thompson and Lillooet interior salish. Canada: Research Associate, Botany Unit, Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria B.C.

Whitten T, Soeriaatmadja RE, Afiff SA. 1999. Ecology of Java and Bali, Jakarta: Prenhallindo.

Yumarni, Alikodra HS, Prasetyo LB, Soekmadi R. 2011. Population analysis of Javan gibbon (Hylobates moloch Audebert 1797) in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park’s corridor, Media Konservasi 16(3), 133-140.

Zulkarnaen R, Iryadi R, Yudaputra A. 2020. The effectiveness of landscape management of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon 6(1), 501-506.

Budi Prasetyo.
Traditional botanical and landscape knowledge of the village community of Gunung Malang, Mount Halimun Salak National Park (MHSNP).
J. Bio. Env. Sci. 18(6), 64-76, June 2021.
https://innspub.net/jbes/traditional-botanical-and-landscape-knowledge-of-the-village-community-of-gunung-malang-mount-halimun-salak-national-park-mhsnp/
Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
https://innspub.net
brand
innspub logo
english language editing
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Publish Your Article
  • CALL FOR PAPERS
    CALL FOR PAPERS
    Submit Your Article
INNSPUB on FB
Email Update