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Research Paper | July 1, 2015

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Phenotypic diversity and local dispersion of cornelian cherry accessions in Iran

Ali Imani, Zohreh Samiee Rad

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(1), 1-14, July 2015

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Abstract

Cornelian cherry is grown and cultivated in various locales of Iran, mainly grows in Qazvin, East Azerbaijan and Zanjan. By presenting at the mentioned places and conducting field studies, geographical situations and climate conditions of these regions (having cornelian cherry) for each province separately were investigated. The results of the studies showed that cornelian cherry can grows at the heights between 500-300m from sea level, the latitudes 36° 20 to 39° 20 and longitudes 46° 29 to 50° 19. All the regions of cornelian cherry dispersion are located in mountainous valleys. Also, the characteristics measured among the genotypes showed that fruit length (from 1.48 to 2.40 cm), fruit width rang (from 1.08 to 1.60), fruit length/width ratio rang (from 1.2 to 1.84), fruit fresh weight rang (from 1.57 to 3.52g), fruit dry matter weight rang (from 0.44 to 0.85gr), SSC rang (from 9% to 23/5%), pH (from 2.95 to 3.32), moisture content rang (from 63.19% to 80.30%), fruit flesh weight rang (from 1.26 to 3.01) flesh/stone ratio rang (from 2.89 to 6.87), stone length rang (from 1.08 to 1.62cm), stone width rang (from 0.51 to 0.72cm), stone length/width ratio rang (from 1.2 to 1.84) and stone weight rang (from 0.27 to 0.64) was different.

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Phenotypic diversity and local dispersion of cornelian cherry accessions in Iran

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