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A comparative study of bioaccumulation of heavy metals in two fresh water species, Aorichthys seenghala and Ompok bimaculatous at River Kabul, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Muhammad Siraj, Musarrat Shaheen, Aftab Alam Sthanadar, Ahsan Khan, Douglas Chivers, Ali Muhammad Yousafzai

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(3), 40-54, March 2014

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Abstract

We examined Zn, Ni, Cr, Cu and Pb in the muscle, intestine, liver, skin and gills of two fresh water species, Aorichthys seenghala (carnivorous) and Ompok bimaculatous (omnivorous) from a natural water body. Our results showed that heavy metals accumulation was in the order of Zn>Cr>Pb>Cu>Ni>Cd in both Aorichthys seenghala and Ompok bimaculatous. Heavy metals abundance in different organs of Aorichthys seenghala was in the order of skin>liver>intestine>muscle>gills. However, heavy metals abundance in different organs of Ompok bimaculatous was different which was gills>liver>skin>intestine>muscle. Different tissues, of Ompok bimaculatous accumulated was 29.85%, 19.59%, 44.94%, 15.34% and 13.83% more Ni, Cr, Cu, Cd and Pb as compared to Aorichthes seenghala. So our findings suggest that omnivorous fish bioaccumulate more heavy metals than the carnivorous fish in natural habitats. Although muscles accumulated least level of heavy metals than other tissues, but even then levels of Ni, Cr, Cd, and Pb in this tissue on comparison exceeded the US, RDA limits and poses a health concern for these fish consumers. Aim of the study was to determine the metal accumulation pattern of two fish species with different feeding habits, in the same natural habitat and its possible hidden threat for fish consumer.

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A comparative study of bioaccumulation of heavy metals in two fresh water species, Aorichthys seenghala and Ompok bimaculatous at River Kabul, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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