A comprehensive review on phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) by mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

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A comprehensive review on phytoremediation of cadmium (Cd) by mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)

Awais Shakoor, Muhammad Abdullah, Rubab Sarfraz, Muhammad Ahsan Altaf, Saneya Batool
J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 3), 88-98, March 2017.
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Phytoremediation is an important process in the removal of heavy metals and contaminants from the soil and the environment. Plants can help clean many types of pollution, including metals, pesticides, explosives, and oil. Phytoremediation in phytoextraction is a major technique. In this process is the use of plants or algae to remove contaminants in the soil, sediment or water in the harvesting of plant biomass. Heavy metal is generally known set of elements with atomic mass (> 5 gcm -3), particularly metals such as exchange of cadmium, lead and mercury. Between different pollutant cadmium (Cd) is the most toxic and plant and animal heavy metals. Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) and Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) are the plant for the production of high biomass and rapid growth, and it seems that the appropriate species for phytoextraction because it can compensate for the low accumulation of cadmium with a much higher biomass yield. To use chelators, such as acetic acid, ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and to increase the solubility of metals in the soil to facilitate easy availability indiscernible and the absorption of the plant from root leg in vascular plants.


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