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Research Paper | May 1, 2014

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A GIS-based system for environmental impact assessment of oil refineries in Iran

Mohammad Rezaie Narimisa, Manouchehr Rezaie Narimisa

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(5), 183-194, May 2014

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Abstract

The increasing importance of the oil refinery industry in Iran is important for investigation of environmental, economical and social parameters. Oil refinery industries are the different kinds of activities in each country as part of the economic activity in the industrial and social skills and stimulate economic development. Tehran city is full of attractions that have diversity the rationale for having fertile soil, abundant groundwater aquifers, natural resources and reputation. It features “Industrial City” with various natural cover in around Tehran city is distinctive in the province. In this research to achieve the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) two items were used as; Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) for evaluation tool, Geographical Information System (GIS) for providing EIA map and prepare the final EIA of Tehran oil refinery as a model for other EIA oil refinery plans in Iran. In this EIA plan construction and operation phases have been considered as two major parts of Tehran oil refinery. In this study 512 maps were provided in different cases such as environmental parameters and oil refinery activities. All maps were provided as laboratory tests, field studies, overlapped on together and achieved to final EIA oil refinery plan. This model can use for other EIA oil refineries in Iran as a general EIA plan.

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A GIS-based system for environmental impact assessment of oil refineries in Iran

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