A preliminary survey of freshwater ichthyofauna of Qadam Khaila stream and Muhajar Camp stream at Dargai, District Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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A preliminary survey of freshwater ichthyofauna of Qadam Khaila stream and Muhajar Camp stream at Dargai, District Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Muhammad Ibrahim, Manzoor Ahmad, Ayesha Kausar, Bakht Zada, Muhammad Shahzad, Ibad Ur Rahman
J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 6), 9-15, December 2020.
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Biodiversity is of key importance in the sustainability of an ecosystem. It correlates with the physiological changes in animals and environmental factors that fluctuate in a geographic region. Therefore, the current research work was performed to study the biodiversity and distribution of fish of Qadam Khaila Stream and Muhajar Camp Stream at Dargai, District Malakand Pakistan, from May-August 2016. The sample collection was conducted twice a month using different types of fishing net like rods, hooks, scoop net, drag net, hand nets, etc. The fish samples were identified by studying various morphometric measurements and meristic counts. A total of 10 species were identified i.e. Barilius pakistanicus, Crossocheilus diplocheilus, Schizothorax labiatus, Puntius chola, Devario devario, Acanthocobitis botia, Schistura curtistigma, Channa punctata, Channa gachua and Mastacembelus armatus. All these species belonging to three orders; Cypriniformes, Channiformes and Mastacembeliformes and four families; Cyprinidae, Nemacheilidae, Channidae and Mastacembelidae. Cyprinidae was the most dominant family represented by five species viz. Barilius pakistanicus, Crossocheilus diplocheilus, Puntius chola, Schizothorax labiatus and Devario devario. Nemacheilidae and Channidae comprised two species each while Mastacembelidae by only one species only. Hence, it is concluded that these streams harbour rich diversity of fish which elucidate the suitability of these water bodies for the maintenance of biodiversity. Hence, culturing and conservation of fish species in the respective area could improve the economic status of the people.


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