A proposed “special area” to protect the marine environment from the ships pollution in Indonesia

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2017
Views (274) Download (9)

A proposed “special area” to protect the marine environment from the ships pollution in Indonesia

J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 5), 124-130, November 2017.
Certificate: JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Pollution protection over the maritime environment of Indonesian from the ships presently is an important issue among the environmentalists, academicians and law makers as well as government. This research paper focuses on the protection law of maritime area of Indonesia due to high frequency of national and international ship transportations in Indonesian territory. Proposing a “Special Area” to protect the marine environment that followed by laws and regulations is a new path. This idea has been introduced in the International Maritime Organization (IMO), but it should take a new creation in Indonesian context. For this purpose, legal approach, non judicial perspective and Special Area seem give a new way of overcome the pollution problem of Indonesian maritime territory. Indonesia still does not pass the laws and regulations which prevent and protect her waters from any kind of pollution of ship transportations. It is fruitful to protect the maritime territory with environmental laws and other related regulations to support a Special Area.


Bishop JM. 1986. Applied Oceanography, New York-Chichester-Brisbane-Toronto- Singapore: A Whiley-Inter-science Publication John Wiley & Sons

Boston N. 1994. Reducing the Risk Oil Pollution in the Jurisdictional Seas of Indonesia, Jakarta: A Canada-Indonesia Co-Operation Project.

ICEL. 1999. Legal Information Bulletin and Environmental Advocacy, Jakarta.

IMO Conventions. 1988., IMO, Manual on Oil Pollution, Section II Contingency Planning, London: IMO. http://www.imo.org/imo/convent/safety.html.

Harald H. 1994. Precautionary Legal Duties and Principles of Modern International Environmental Law, (London/Dordrecht/Boston: Graham & Trotman/Martinus Nijhoff).

Kantaatmadja K. 1982. International Compensation of Oil Pollution at Sea, Bandung: Alumni.

Kusumaatmadja M. 1992. Protection and Conservation of the Marine Environment Viewed From The Corner of International, Regional And National Law, Jakarta: Sinar Grafika and Pusat Studi Wawasan Nusantara.

Lubis MS. 1992. Unity of National Law and Nusantara Insight in Order to Facing Global Globalization and Long Term Development, Padang: Pusat Kajian Kebudayaan Universitas Bung Hatta.

Muhjiddin AM. 1993. Legal Status of Indonesian Archipelagic Waters and Cross Ship Rights, Bandung: Alumni.

Moestadji, 1996. Legislation Regulations in the Field of Marine Environment “, Paper In Upgrading International Law of the Sea (Continued), Bandung: Universitas Padjajaran,

Romimohtarto K. 1990. “Management of Utilization of Biological and Vegetable Wealth in Indonesian Waters”, National Law Seminar V. Jakarta.

Ronald BM. 1995. Lesson from Intentional Oil Pollution”, Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation, 37, 4.

Setiapermana D, Hutagalung S, Horas P. 1994. Proceedings of Seminar on Marine Pollution Monitoring “, Center for Oceanographic Research and Development -LIPI, Jakarta.

United Nations Press Release, 1993. UN Convention on the Law of the Sea Receives Sixtieth Ratification to Enter Into Force in One Year. New York, Department of Public Information, News Coverage Service.

Wahid Y. 2014. Introduction to Spatial Law,  Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Warren RT. 2000. IMO Plans to Speed Single-Hulls’ Phase Out; VLCCs Hit Hard, Penn Well Publishing Co. The Oil and Gas Journal 47, 98.