A rapid and simple method for the determination of oil content in oil seeds- A comparative study

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Research Paper 04/04/2024
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A rapid and simple method for the determination of oil content in oil seeds- A comparative study

Salma Awadalkareem, Mutaman Ali A. Kehail, Ahmed Abdalla
Int. J. Biosci.24( 4), 109-114, April 2024.
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Abstract

Seeds of the three varieties of oil seeds crops including Groundnut (variety Medani), Sunflower (variety Bohoth1) and Sesame (variety Gadareff) were kindly provided by Agricultural Research Center-Wad Medani,Gezira State, Sudan. According to the results of oil content, the percentage oil content using petroleum ether as a solvent, revealed a mean (%41.6) in non-toasted Groundnut, (%41.3) in toasted Groundnut, (%42) in Sunflower and (% 42.6) in Sesame seeds, using hexane a mean (%38.6) in non-toasted Groundnut, (%41.4) in toasted Groundnut, (%40.6) in Sunflower and (%39.6) in Sesame seeds, also using chloroform the mean was(%36) in non-toasted Groundnut,(%35.3) in toasted Groundnut, (%36.6) in Sunflower and (%33.6) in Sesame seed. It was clear that petroleum ether solvent was the best solvent to extract oils from Groundnut (toasted, non-toasted), Sunflower and Sesame seeds samples, followed by hexane solvent from Groundnut (toasted, non-toasted), Sunflower and Sesame seeds samples, and lastly chloroform solvent. Centrifuge machine showed efficiency of oil content in the used seeds during all the samples. In conclusion, the study revealed that using petroleum ether solvent to extract Groundnut (toasted, non-toasted), Sunflower and Sesame oils from their seeds by using centrifuge machine.

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