A review on catalytic biodiesel production

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2014
Views (214) Download (7)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

A review on catalytic biodiesel production

A. Gorji, R. Ghanei
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 4), 48-59, October 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The industrialization of societies and as the result, the increase of demand for fuel in the world and speculations on the reduction of fossil fuels and on the other hand, the issue of world health emphasizes on the necessity of substituting renewable and clean energy, so biodiesel as the best substitute for diesel fuels is common. In general, three ways are used to produce biodiesel including pyrolysis, micro-emulsification and transesterification among which transesterification is known as the most usual and common way. The catalysts used in transesterification are divided into three groups of acidic, alkaline and enzymatic catalysts in which the acidic and alkaline catalysts in turn divide into two groups of heterogeneous and homogeneous. The Transesterification reaction using acidic catalysts involves more time for the reaction and high cost. The alkaline catalysts produce an appropriate amount of product in moderate operational conditions and show a better performance in comparison with the other catalysts. These catalysts have a limitation in use for raw material containing high free fatty acids. The way of using Lipase catalysts is the most viable method that can be applied, however it requires high costs. Given today’s high total cost as the main obstacle for producing biodiesel, using animal fats and waste oils as raw material and using the heterogeneous catalysts and preferably renewable ones is suggested so as to reduce the total cost.

VIEWS 1

Ebrahimi B, Rahmani M. 2012. A review on the outcomes of the technology development of production and use of vegetable fuels in comparison with fossil fuels. Quarterly Journal of Industrial Technology Development 19, 27-38.

Balat M. 2009. Biodiesel fuel from triglycerides via transesterification: A review. Energy Sources Part A: Recovery Utilization & Environmental Effects 31, 1300–1314.

Balat M, Balat H. 2010. Progress in biodiesel processing. Applied Energy 87, 1815-1835.

Banerjee A, Chakraborty R. 2009. Parametric sensitivity in transesterification of waste cooking oil for biodiesel production: A review. Conservation and Recycling 53, 490–497.

Basha SA, Gopal KR, Jebaraj S. 2009. A review on biodiesel production, combustion emissions and performance. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13, 1628-1634.

Bhatti HN, Hanif MA, Qasim M, Rehman A. 2008. Biodiesel production from waste tallow. Fuel 87, 2961–2966.

Borges ME, Diaz L. 2012. Recent developments on heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production by oil esterification and transesterification reactions: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16, 2839– 2849.

Boro J, Deka D, Thakur AJ. 2012. A review on solid oxide derived from waste shells as catalyst for biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16, 904-910.

Canakci M. 2007. The potential of restaurant waste lipids as biodiesel feedstocks. Bioresource Technology 98, 183-190.

Çaynak S, Gürü M, Biçer A, Keskin A, Içingür Y. 2009. Biodiesel production from pomace oil and improvement of its properties with synthetic manganese additive. Fuel 88, 534–538.

Chouhan APS, Sarma AK. 2011. Modern heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production: A comprehensive review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15, 4378-4399.

Demirbas A. 2007. Importance of biodiesel as transportation fuel. Journal of Energy Policy 35, 4661-4670.

Demirbas A. 2009. Progress and recent trends in biodiesel fuels. Energy Conversion and Management 50, 14-34.

Dias  JM,  Alvim-Ferraz  MCM,  Almeida  MF. 2008. Comparison of the performance of different homogeneous alkali catalysts during transesterification of waste and virgin oils and evaluation of biodiesel quality. Fuel 87, 3572-3578.

Doll KM, Sharma BK, Suarez PAZ, Erhan SZ. 2008. Comparing biofuels obtained from pyrolysis, of soybean oil or soapstock, with traditional soybean biodiesel: density, kinematic viscosity, and surface tensions. Energy Fuels 22, 2061–2066.

Dunn RO. 2001. Alternative jet fuels from vegetable oils. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers 44,1751–1757.

Fukuda H, Kondo A, Noda H. 2001. Biodiesel fuel production by transesterification of oil. Bioscience and Bioengineering 92, 405-416.

Georgogianni KG, Katsoulidis AK, Pomonis PJ, Manos G, Kontominas MG. 2009. Transesterification of rapeseed oil for the production of biodiesel using homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. Fuel Processing Technology 90, 1016-1022.

Gerpen JV.2005. Biodiesel processing and production. Fuel Processing Technology 86, 1097-1107.

Ghanei R, Moradi GR, Taherpourkalantari R, Arjmandzadeh E. 2011. Variation of physical properties during transesterification of sunflower oil to biodiesel as an approach to predict reaction progress. Fuel Processing Technology 92, 1593-1598.

Ghobadian B, Khatamifar M, Rahimi H. 2005. Biodiesel Fuel production using Transesterification of Waste Vegetable oils. The Forth Intenational Conference on Internal Combustion Engines, Tehran, Iran.

Graboski MS, McCormick RL. 1998. Combustion of fat and vegetable oil drived fuels in diesel engines. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 24,125-164.

Guan G, Kusakabe K, Sakurai N, Moriyama K. 2009. Transesterification of vegetable oil to biodiesel fuel using acid catalysts in the presence of dimethyl ether. Fuel 88, 81-86.

Guan G, Sakurai N, Kusakabe K. 2009. Synthesis of biodiesel from sunflower oil at room temperature in the presence of various cosolvents. Chemical Engineering Journal 146, 302-306.

Hasheminejad M, Tabatabaei M, Mansourpanah Y, Khatamifar M, Javani A. 2011. Upstream and downstream strategies to economize biodiesel production. Bioresour Technology 102, 461–468.

Helwani Z, Othman MR, Aziz N, Kim J, Fernando WJN. 2009. Solid heterogeneous catalysts for transesterification of triglycerides with methanol: A review. Applied Catalysis A: General 363, 1-10.

Jeong GT, Yang HS, Park DH. 2009. Optimization of transesterification of animal fat ester using response surface methodology. Bioresource Technology 100, 25-30.

Lam MK, Lee KT, Mohamed AR. 2010. Homogeneous, heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis for transesterification of high free fatty acid oil (waste cooking oil) to biodiesel: A review. Biotechnology Advances 28, 500–518.

Lee  JS,  Saka  S.  2010.  Biodiesel  production  by heterogeneous catalysts and supercritical technologies: review. Bioresource Technology 101, 7191–7200.

Leung DYC, Wu X, Leung MKH. 2010. A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification. Applied Energy 87, 1083-1095.

Li E, Xu ZP, Rudolph V. 2009. MgCoAl-LDH derived heterogeneous catalysts for the ethanol transesterification of canola oil to biodiesel. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 88, 42-49.

Li M, Zheng Y, Chen Y, Zhu X. 2014. Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil using a heterogeneous catalyst from pyrolyzed rice husk. Bioresource Technology 154, 345-348.

Marchetti JM. 2012. A summary of the available technologies for biodiesel production based on a comparison of different feedstock’s properties. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 90, 157–163.

Math MC, Kumar SP, Soma V, Chetty SV. 2010. Technologies for biodiesel production from used cooking oil. A review. Energy for Sustainable Development 14, 339–345.

McNeff CV, McNeff LC, Yan B, Nowlan DT, Rasmussen M, Gyberg AE, Krohn BJ, Fedie RL, Hoye TR. 2008. A continuous catalytic system for biodiesel production. Applied Catalysis A: General 343, 39-48.

Mushrush G, Beal EJ, Spencer G, Wynne JH, Lloyd CL, Hughes JM, Walls CL, Hardy DR. 2001. An environmentally benign soybean derived fuel as a blending stock or replacement for home heating oil. Journal Environmental Science and Health A 36, 613–622.

Nicheran MS. 2012. Production methods of biodiesel fuel from vegetable oils. Iranian Combustion Institute Newsletter 43, 10-14.

Park YM, Lee JY, Chung SH, Park IS, Lee SY, Kim DK, Lee JS, Lee KY. 2008. Esterification of used of soybean oil to biodiesel with methanol. Fuel 87, 1076-1982.

Pereira MG, Mudge SM. 2004. Cleaning oiled shores: laboratory experiments testing the potential use of vegetable oil biodiesels. Chemosphere 54, 297–304.

Ramus S, Lingaiaha N, Devi BLAP, Prasadb RBN, Suryanarayana I, Prasad PSS. 2004. Esterification of palmitic acid with methanol over tungsten oxide supporyed on zirconia solid acid catalysts: effect of method of preparation of the catalyst on its structural stability and reactivity. Applied Catalysis A:General 276, 163-168.

Ranganathan SV, Narasimham SL, Muthukumar K. 2008. An overview of enzymatic production of biodiesel. Bioresource Technology 99, 3975-3981.

Sakai T, Kawashima A, Koshikawa T. 2009. Economic assessment of batch biodiesel production processes using homogeneous and heterogeneous alkali catalysts. Bioresource Technology 100 (13), 3268-3276.

Sarma AK, Sarmah JK, Barbora L, Kalita P, Chatterjee S, Mahanta P. 2008. Recent inventions in biodiesel production and processing: A review. Recent Patents on Engineering 2, 47–58.

Sbihi HM, Nehdi IA, Tan CP, Al-Resayes SI. 2014. Production and characterization of biodiesel from Camelus dromedarius (Hachi) fat. Energy Conversion and Management 78, 50-57.

Semwal S , Arora AK , Badoni RP , Tuli DK. 2011. Biodiesel production using heterogeneous catalysts. Bioresource Technology 102, 2151-2161.

Serio MD, Tesser R, Dimiccoli M, Cammarota F, Nastasi M, Santacesaria E. 2005. Synthesis of biodiesel via homogeneous Lewis acid catalyst. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 239, 111-115.

Sharma YC, Singh B, Korstad J. 2011. Latest developments on application of heterogeneous basic catalysts for an efficient and eco friendly synthesis of biodiesel: A review. Fuel 90, 1309–1324.

Shu Q, Yang B, Yuan H, Qing S, Zhu G. 2007. Synthesis of biodiesel from soybean oil and methanol catalyzed by zeolite beta modified with La3+. Catalysts Communication 8, 2159-2165.

Soriano  NU,  Venditti  R,  Argyropoulos  DS. 2009. Biodiesel synthesis via homogeneous Lewis acid-catalyzed transesterification. Fuel 88, 560-565.

Srivastava A, Prasad R. 2000. Triglycerides-based diesel fuels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 4, 111-133.

Vicente G, Martinez M, Aracil J. 2004. Integrated Biodiesel production: A comparison of different homogeneous catalysts systems. Bioresource Technology 92, 297-305.

Wen Z, Yu X, Tu ST, Yan J, Dahlquist E. 2010. Synthesis of biodiesel from vegetable oil with methanol catalyzed by Li-doped magnesium oxide catalysts. Applied Energy 87, 743-748.

Willing A. 1999. Oleochemical esters-environmentally compatible raw materials for oils and lubricants from renewable resources. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 101, 192–198.

Zabeti M, Wan Daud WMA, Aroua MK. 2009. Activity of solid catalysts for biodiesel production: A review. Fuel Processing Technology 90, 770–777.