Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | January 1, 2021

| Download

A review on potential role of auxins in plants, current applications and future directions

Muhammad Jamil, Amna Saher, Sidra Javed, Qasim Farooq, Muhammad Shakir, Tooba Zafar, Lobaba Komal, Kabir Hussain, Amara Shabir, Arooj Javed, Muhammad Huzafa

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.18(1), 11-16, January 2021


JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Auxin is a plant hormone that significantly plays important role in plant growth cell division and differentiation, in fruit development, in the formation of roots from cuttings and in leaf fall. Auxin has many important functions for plant growth. The main function of auxin is to help the plants grow. Auxin stimulates plant cells to elongate, and the apical meristem of a plant is one of the main places that auxin is produced. It promotes the stem elongation, inhibit growth of lateral buds maintains apical dominance. Auxin is produced in different parts of plants such as the stem, buds, and root tips in the form of chemical compounds such as indole acetic acid that significantly increases the growth of plants. Auxin as a plant hormone produced in the stem tip that promotes cell elongation. Auxin moves to the darker side of the plant, causing the cells there to grow larger than corresponding cells on the lighter side of the plant. Auxin biosynthesis plays essential roles in many developmental processes including gametogenesis, embryogenesis, seedling growth, vascular patterning, and flower development. The aims of this review is the potential roles of auxins in plants such as roles in root development, functions in the growth of leaves structures and lastly the formation of flowers by increases auxins have been studied in this review. The functions of auxins in plants have not completely studied.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

A review on potential role of auxins in plants, current applications and future directions

Bainbridge KS, Kuhlemeier C. 2008. Auxin influx carriers stabilize phyllotactic patterning. Genes development 22, 810-823.

Cheng Y, Zhao Y. 2007. A role for auxin in flower development. Journal of integrative plant biology 49, 99-104.

Cooke TJ, Poli D, Cohen JD. 2004. Did auxin play a crucial role in the evolution of novel body plans during the Late Silurian-Early Devonian radiation of land plants?, in The evolution of plant physiology. Elsevier 55, 85-107.

Den GG. 2010. The roots of a new green revolution. Trends in plant scienc 15, 600-607.

Emenecker RJ, Strader LC. 2020. Auxin-Abscisic Acid Interactions in Plant Growth and Development. Biomolecules 10, 281.

Gallavotti A. 2013. The role of auxin in shaping shoot architecture. Journal of experimental botany 64, 2593-2608.

Jong MC, Mariani BG. 2009. The role of auxin and gibberellin in tomato fruit set. Journal of experimental botany 60, 1523-1532.

Julien JD, Pumir A, Boudaoud A. 2019. Strain-or stress-sensing in mechanochemical patterning by the phytohormone auxin. Bulletin of mathematical biology 81, 3342-3361.

Lee HW, Kim J. 2015. Lateral Organ Boundaries Domain16 and 18 act downstream of the AUXIN1 and LIKE-AUXIN3 auxin influx carriers to control lateral root development in Arabidopsis. Plant physiology 168, 1792-1806.

Li T. 2019. Calcium signals are necessary to establish auxin transporter polarity in a plant stem cell niche. Nature communications 10, 1-9.

Mapelli S. 1978. Relationship between set, development and activities of growth regulators in tomato fruits. Plant and Cell Physiology 19, 1281-1288.

Meng F, Xiang D, Zhu J. 2019. Molecular mechanisms of root development in rice. Rice 12, 1-10.

Pfluger J, Zambryski P. 2004. The role of SEUSS in auxin response and floral organ patterning. Development 131, 4697-4707.

Wang Y, Jiao Y. 2018. Auxin and above-ground meristems. Journal of Experimental Botany 69, 147-154.

Waite JM. 2020. AtDRO1 is nuclear localized in root tips under native conditions and impacts auxin localization. Plant molecular biology 55, 1-14.

Xu L. 2018. De novo root regeneration from leaf explants: wounding, auxin, and cell fate transition. Current opinion in plant biology 41, 39-45.

Van S. 2012. Simulation of organ patterning on the floral meristem using a polar auxin transport model. PloS one 7, 155-159.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background