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A review: role of reproductive genes in embryonic development and increasing litter size

Edlyn E. Pooten, Claro N. Mingala

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Int. J. Biosci.19(6), 1-12, December 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.6.1-12


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Through the years, researchers relied simply on selective breeding to obtain and improve the desirable traits of the preferred animal. Recently, the livestock industry has gone far due to advancement in genetics which has resulted in advanced and revolutionized technologies that have made genome editing efficient, precise, rapid and economical. Candidate reproductive genes were evaluated for their functions in the different stages of the reproductive process. It was shown that the reproductive genome controls all phases of embryonic development as well as an increase in litter size. Litter size is a complex physiological trait in productive species and is affected by several component traits that are controlled by genes. A substantial increase in litter size has economic implications for swine production.


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A review: role of reproductive genes in embryonic development and increasing litter size

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