A survey and documentation on the flora of Dr. YSR Smruthi Vanam a conservative area near Nallakalva Village, Atmakur Mandal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

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A survey and documentation on the flora of Dr. YSR Smruthi Vanam a conservative area near Nallakalva Village, Atmakur Mandal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India

B. Kavitha, R. Srikala, U. Thikka Swami
J. Bio. Env. Sci.13( 2), 373-380, August 2018.
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Protected areas are the most suitable places on this earth for conservation of biodiversity and also have significant role in scientific, educational and cultural activities. Dr. YSR Smruthi Vanam is a protected area of Ex-situ conservation for certain flora comes under the velgode reserve forest of Atmakur Mandal of Kurnool district, a 22.20 acre site. The project site is 18.5 km away from the crash site of Pavurala Gutta located in the thick of the Gundla Brahmeswaram Wildlife Sanctuary. The systemic floristic studies of the selected area resulted 174 species include Gymnosperms (3) along with the Angiosperms (171) with Dicotyledons (151) and Monocotyledons (20). Angiosperms species represented a total of 61 families; Monocots (07), Dicots (52). The park dominates with Trees (98), followed by Shrubs (46) Herbs (20) and climbers (10) species in its overall distribution, Major family represents Leguminosae (16 species Fabaceae) equally to that of the Madras Presidency and flora of Andhra Pradesh. Next largest family is Apocynaceae with 12 species. Top 06 genera more than 03 species as the largest genus Ficus with 05 species flowed by Cinnamomum 03, Jasminum 03 and Cassia 03. The Park also comprises IUCN Red Listed species like Aegle marmelous, Boswellia ovalifoliolata and Santalum album. Hence, it is very essential to enumerate the flora of a protected area for future generation and to maintain the sustainable biodiversity conservation.


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