Acute toxicity of different industrial effluents to selected species of carps

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Research Paper 01/03/2019
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Acute toxicity of different industrial effluents to selected species of carps

Shamsa Altaf, Salma Sultana, Tayyaba Sultana, Farhat Jabeen, Adnan Ahmad Qazi, Sarfraz Hussain
Int. J. Biosci.14( 3), 116-120, March 2019.
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The effects of sugar mills, sewage water and textile mills effluents were studied on the selected fish species of carp. The fingerlings of Labeo rohita, Catla catla and Cirrhinus mrigala (8-9 g each) were procured from Fish Seed Hatchery, Satyana Road Faisalabad, Pakistan, and were transported to Reasrch Laberatory Department of Zoology, Government College University Faisalabad. The fingerlings were acclimatized for fifteen days. The fingerlings of carp were fed @ 3-4% of body weight daily. The experiment was conducted in triplicate. The fingerlings were divided into three experimental groups (different concentrations of textile mill, sewage and sugar mill effluents) and one control group (thirty of each fish species). Glass aquaria were continuously aerated with air pump. The physicochemical parameters i.e. water temperature, dissolved oxygen and pH was monitored during experiment duration. Acute toxicity for 96 hours was determined for each effluent. In case of textile industrial effluents LC50 values for Catla catla was 149.14 ml/l, Labeo rohita was 160.97 ml/l and for Cirrhinus mrigala was 155.40 ml/l. In case of sugar mill effluents, the LC50 values determined were 560ml/l, 747ml/l, and 673 ml/l for Catla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala, respectively. Whereas in case of sewage water, the LC50 values determined were 224.24 ml/l 232.89 ml/l, and 227.94 ml/l forCatla catla, Labeo rohita and Cirrhinus mrigala, respectively. It was observed the catla catla was the most sensitive fish specie.


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