Adaptation of some cold tolerant Rice genotypes in Haor areas of Bangladesh

Paper Details

Research Paper 04/02/2023
Views (547) Download (80)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Adaptation of some cold tolerant Rice genotypes in Haor areas of Bangladesh

Md. Romel Biswash, Md. Humayun Kabir, Md. Niaz Morshed, Mahmuda Khatun, Khandokar Khalid Ahmed, Md. Mir Mehedi Hasan, Afruz Zahan, Shamsunnaher, Md. Rafiqul Islam, Md. Atiqul Islam, Md. Humayun Kabir
Int. J. Biosci.22( 2), 33-40, February 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Rice is the most important staple crops of Bangladesh. In the haor (low lying) areas of Bangladesh, early planted dry season (November–May) rice has to face cold stress at the early seedling to reproductive stages. The growers of the haor areas consider their dry season rice as a chance crop as it might encounter the flash flood at the maturity stage. Three cold tolerant advanced lines IR100722-B-B-B-B-11, IR100723-B-B-B-B-61, TP16199 along with BRRI dhan28 and BRRI dhan67 as checks were evaluated in ten locations especially haor areas in Bangladesh during the dry season 2021-22. Across the environments and genotypes, the advanced line IR100722-B-B-B-B-11 gave a slightly higher mean grains yield (4.96t/ha) than the other IR100723-B-B-B-B-61, TP16199 tested entries (4.75t/ha, 4.77t/ha) and significantly higher yield than check variety BRRI dhan67 (4.68t/ha) and BRRI dhan28 (4.09t/ha). The growth duration of the highest grains yielder IR100722-B-B-B-B-11 was 151 days. On the other hand, the mean growth duration of the other two advance lines (IR100723-B-B-B-B-61 and TP16199) was 150 and 155 days respectively which was 7-10 days higher than the two check varieties BRRI dhan28 and BRRI dhan67 (145 and 147 days). The highest number of mean grains per panicle (86) was produced by BRRI dhan67. Therefore, the three advanced lines IR100722-B-B-B-B-11, IR100723-B-B-B-B-61, and TP16199 was not suitable for the haor areas for its longer growth duration for the chance of damage by early flash flood, although it has cold tolerance ability. Among the genotypes, none of the advanced tested lines was recommended for advance stage like Proposed Variety Trial.

VIEWS 133

Biswas JK, Mahbub MAA, Kabir MS. 2011. Critical temperatures and their probabilities on important growth stages of rice. Annual Report of Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, 2008-2009, BRRI, Gazipur-1701 pp. 127-129.

Biswas PS, Khatun H, Das N, Sarker MM, Anisuzzaman M. 2017. Mapping and validation of QTLs for cold tolerance at seedling stage in rice from an indica cultivar Habiganj Boro VI (Hbj. B. VI). 3 Biotech 7, 1-12.

Brolley M. 2015. Rice security is food security for much of the world. Rice today. International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), DAPO Box 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines pp. 30-32.

Cruz RP, Milach SCK, Federizzi LC. 2006. Rice cold tolerance at reproductive stage in a controlled environment. Sci. Agric 63, 255-261.

Das S. 2015. Variability of Cold Injuries in Boro Rice (Oryza sativa L.). Trends Bio. Sci 8(10), Print: ISSN 0974-8, 2465-2467.

Deepa. 2022. Rice: The Staple Diet of Half the World. https//owlcation.com/agriculture/Rice-The-Staple-Diet-of-Half-the-World.

FAO- Food Outlook- June. 2022. https://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb9427en.

Gachoncm, Langlois-Meurinne M, Saindrenan P. 2005. Plant secondary metabolism glycosyltransferases: The emerging functional analysis. Trends in Plant Science 10, 542–549.

Hrudayanath T, Bikash C, Rashmi R, Sushil K. 2013. Biodiversity and Biotechnological Potential of Microorganisms from Mangrove Ecosystem: A Review. Annals of Microbiology 63, 1-19.

Jacobs BC, Pearson CJ. 1994. Cold damage and development of rice: a conceptual model.  Australian J. Exp. Agri 34, 917-919.

Kumari S, Sabharwal VPN, Kushwaha HR, Sopory SK, Singh-Pareek SL, Pareek A. 2009. Transcriptome map for seedling stage specific salinity stress response indicates a specific set of genes as candidate for saline tolerance in Oryza sativa L. Funct. Integr. Genom 9, 109-123.

Kuroki M, Saito K, Matsuba S, Yokogami N, Shimizu H Sato Y. 2007. A quantitative trait locus for cold tolerance at the booting stage on rice chromosome 8. Theor.  Appl. Genet 115, 593-600.

Mackill DJ, Coffman WR, Garrity DP. 1996. Rainfed lowland rice improvement. International Rice Research Institute, Manila 242 p

Nath NC. 2015. Food security in Bangladesh: Status, challenges and strategic policy options. Paper presented at 19th Biennial Conference of the Bangladesh Economic Association (BAE), held on 8-10 January, 2015, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Rashid MM, Yasmeen R. 2017. Cold Injury and Flash Flood Damage in Boro Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh: A Review. Bangladesh Rice J 21(1), 13-25.

Shimono H, Okada M, Kanda E, Arakawa I. 2007. Low Temperature induced sterility in rice: Evidence for the effects of temperature before panicle initiation. Field Crops Res 01, 221-231.

Vij S, Tyagi AK. 2007. Emerging trends in functional genomics of abiotic response in crop plants. Plant Biotech. J. 5, 361-380.

World Population Prospects. 2019. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.

Ye C, Fukai S, Godwin DI, Reinke R, Snell P, Schiller J, Basnayake J. 2009. Cold tolerance in rice varieties at different growth stages. Crop Pasture Sci 60, 1-11.

Yoshida S. 1981. Climatic environment and its influence. In: Fundamentals of Rice Crop Science (ed. Yoshida S.). International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos pp. 65-110.