Adapting laboratory teaching for flexible learning: addressing challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic

Paper Details

Research Paper 13/06/2023
Views (275) Download (33)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Adapting laboratory teaching for flexible learning: addressing challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic

Myra A. Abayon
Int. J. Biosci.22( 6), 149-164, June 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The implementation of Flexible Learning in various educational institutions amidst the COVID-19 pandemic poses many struggles, particularly in teaching laboratory subjects. This study aimed to explore the challenges experienced and encountered by teachers in teaching laboratory subjects in times of pandemic, particularly during the First Semester AY 2020 – 2021 in one of the universities in Tacloban City, Leyte, Philippines – wherein Flexible Learning Modality (FLM) was implemented. The study utilized a qualitative research design, particularly phenomenology, involving ten (10) teachers handling laboratory subjects. An in-depth interview was employed using an interview protocol that guided the researcher in gathering data. Based on the result of the study, there were three distinct themes emerged, such as; (1) technology and laboratory set-up challenges, which includes communication, lack of access to internet connectivity, limited access to technology such as gadgets and other devices; (2) students-readiness related challenges, which includes students’ readiness, submission of outputs, difficulty in following instructions, and the difficulty of some learning activities and assessment; and (3) teaching-learning process-related challenges which include the lack of preparedness for instruction, difficulty in assessing and providing feedback, and difficulty in establishing the validity of written outputs. Furthermore, an intervention plan was proposed based on the result to address the identified challenges appropriately. Moreover, it was recommended that the proposed intervention be implemented to address issues and concerns in the implementation of flexible Learning. Further studies utilizing other methods and contexts were also recommended.

VIEWS 52

Barela M, Dionisio J, Heimerl K, Sapitula M, Festin C. 2019. Deploying community cellular networks in rural barangays in the Philippines. Association for Progressive Communications. https://rising.globalvoices.org/blog/2019/01/09/deploying-community-cellular-networks-in-rural-barangays-in-the-philippines/.

Barreara K, Jaminal B, Arcilla F. 2020. Readiness for flexible learning amidst COVID-19 Pandemic of Saint Michael College of Caraga, Philippines. SMCC Teacher Education Journal (2) 1 – 15. https://www.researchgate.net /publication /344374652_Readiness_for_Flexible_Learning_amidst_COVID-19_Pandemic_of_Saint_Michael_ College _of_Caraga_Philippines.

Baticulon R, Alberto N, Barron M, Mabulay R, Rizada L, Sy J, Tiu C, Clarion C, Reyes J. 2020. Barriers to online learning in a time of COVID-19: a national survey of medical students in the Philippines. medRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020. 07.16.20155747.

Betram J, Kaleeswaran P. 2017. Challenges in physical education and sports sciences – A comparative study. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research in Arts and Humanities 2(2), 107-108.

Commission on Higher Education. 2020. Guidelines on the implementation of flexible learning. CMO No. 04.https://ched.gov.ph/wp-content/ uploads/CMO-No.-4-s.-2020-Guidelines-on-the-Implementation -of-Flexible-Learning.pdf

Dangle Y, Sumaoang J. 2020. The implementation of modular distance learning in the Philippine secondary public schools. 3rd International Conference on Advanced Research in Teaching and Education.https://www.dpublication.com/wp-content /uploads/2020/11/27-427.pdf.

De Villa J, Manalo F. 2020. Secondary teachers’ preparation, challenges, and coping mechanism in the pre-implementation of distance learning in the new normal. OER International Multidisciplinary Research Journal 2(3), 144-154. https://papers. ssrn.com /sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3717608.

Edward S. 2015. Challenges facing the teaching and learning of physical education in primary schools in Bwiri/Nanguba Zone, Samia Sub-County, Kenya. [Unpublished Thesis]. Kenyatta University.

Estrada L. 2021. Are self-learning modules effective? [News Article]. Rappler. https://www. rappler.com /voices/imho/opinion-are-self-learning-modules-effective.

Gallagher S. 2012. What Is Phenomenology? In: Phenomenology. Palgrave Philosophy Today. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org /10.1057/9781137283801_2

Garcia E, Weiss E. 2020. COVID-19 and student performance, equity, and US education policy [Article]. Economic Policy Institute. https:// www.epi.org /publication/the-consequences-of-the-COVID-19-pandemic-for-education-performance-and-equity-in-the-united-states-what-can-we-learn-from-pre-pandemic-research-to-inform-relief-recovery-and-rebuilding/

Inan HZ. 2021. Challenges of Distance/Online and Face-to-Face Education in the New Normal: Experiences of Reggio Emilia-Inspired Early Childhood Educators in Turkey. Pedagogical Research 6(1), em0086.

Jacob SA, Furgerson SP. 2010. Writing Interview Protocols and Conducting Interviews: Tips for Students New to the Field of Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report Volume 17, T& L Art. 6, 1-10.

Khan A, Khan S, Islam S, Khan M. 2017. Communication skills of a teacher and its role in the development of the students’ academic success. Journal of Education and Practice 8(1), 18-21.

Maguire M, Delahunt B. 2017. Doing a Thematic Analysis: A Practical, Step-by-step Guide for Learning and Teaching Scholars. All Ireland Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education (AISHE-J)  8(3), 3351-33514.

Malipot M. 2020. Teachers air problems on modular learning systems [News Article]. Manila Bulletin. https://mb.com.ph/2020/08/04/teachers-air-problems-on-modular-learning-system/.

Mayol P. 2020. The paradigm shifts for teachers’ challenges in the new normal [Blog Article]. Cebufinest. https://cebufinest.com/paradigm-shift-teachers-challenges-new-normal/.

Morrow R, Rodriguez A, King N. 2015. Colaizzi’s descriptive phenomenological method. The Psychologist 28(8), 643-644.

Niñal R. 2020. Gov’t to hand over radios to students in far-flung areas [News Article]. Presidential Communications Operations Office. Republic of the Philippines. https://pcoo.gov.ph/news_releases /govt -to-hand-over-radios-to-students-in-far-flung-areas/.

Ospina S. 2004. Qualitative research. Encyclopedia of Leadership. SAGE Publications. https:/ /ualr. edu/interdisciplinary/files/2010/03/Qualitative_Research.pdf

Oudat M. 2016. Challenges facing physical education teachers in Jordan from the perspective of the teachers themselves. Scientific Research Publishing Inc. https://www.researchgate.net/publication /301740155_Challenges_Facing_Physical_Education_Teachers_in_Jordan_from_Perspective_of_the_Teachers_Themselves.

Parkes M, Stein S, Reading C. 2015. Student preparedness for university e-learning environments. The Internet and Higher Education 25, 1-10. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268691014_Student_preparedness_for_university_e-learning_ environments

Perez A. 2020. Weighing modular learning [News Article]. Sunstar Publishing Inc. https://www. sunstar.com.ph/article/1864236/Davao/Local-News/ Weighing-modular-learning.

Simbulan N. 2020. The Philippines: COVID-19 and its impact on higher education in the Philippines. The Head Foundation. https://headfoundation.org /HESB8/COVID-19-and-its-impact-on-higher-education-in-the-philippines/

Tria JZ. 2020. The COVID-19 pandemic through the lens of education in the Philippines: The new normal. International Journal of Pedagogical Development and Lifelong Learning 1(1), ep2001. https://doi.org /10.30935/ijpdll/8311

UNESCO. 2019. How are you learning the COVID-19 pandemic? https://en.unesco.org /COVID19/ educationresponse /learningneverstops

United Nations (n.d.). COVID-19 and higher education: Education and science as a vaccine for the pandemic. UN. Org. https://www.un.org /en/academic-impact/COVID-19-and-higher-education-education-and-science-vaccine-pandemic.

Wanyama M. 2011. The challenges of teaching Physical Education: Juxtaposing the experiences of physical education teachers in Kenya and Victoria (Australia) [Thesis]. The University of Melbourne. https://minerva-access.unimelb.edu.au/bitstream/ handle/11343/36155/271035_challenges+of+teaching+pe+%28thesis%29+%282%29%5B1%5D.pdf?sequ.

Yilmaz R. 2017. Problems experience in evaluating success and performance in distance education: A case study. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE 18(1), 39-51. https://files.eric .ed.gov /fulltext /EJ1124961.pdf.