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Additive main effect and multiplication interaction analysis of grain yield in bread wheat genotypes across environments

Research Paper | August 1, 2013

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Mohammad Motamedi, Parviz Safari, Ghalamabbas Mohammadi

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Int. J. Biosci.3( 8), 218-225, August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/3.8.218-225


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Selection of wheat cultivars with wide adaptability across diverse farming environments is important before recommending them to achieve a high rate of cultivar adoption. Multi-environment trials including 3 locations for 20 genotypes of wheat were carried out in Iran. The results of combined analysis of variance for yield showed significant difference for genotype, locations and G×E interaction effect. Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions analysis (AMMI) indicated that the yield performances of genotypes were under the major environmental effects. Analysis of AMMI was employed and the biplot of the Interaction Principal Components (IPC) were evaluated for stability and adaptation relationships among genotypes and locations. Based on AMMI method, genotypes no. 12, 6 and 20 varieties showed general adaptability and genotypes 14 and 15 recognized to have specific adaptability to varamin and genotypes no. 4, 7, 8, 9 and 11 had specific adaptability to Kermanshah. Overall, based on stability analysis on yield genotypes no. 6, 20 and 12 with having good adaptability were determined as desirable genotypes.


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Additive main effect and multiplication interaction analysis of grain yield in bread wheat genotypes across environments

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