Aero-mycoflora of Amaravati Capital of Andhra Pradesh, India

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Research Paper 01/06/2018
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Aero-mycoflora of Amaravati Capital of Andhra Pradesh, India

Duvvi Naveen Babu, PP Devi, KSM Prasad, Praveen Kumar Nagadesi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.12( 6), 223-230, June 2018.
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Fungal spores were abundant in natural air, soil, water etc. The size of spores was less than 10 microns in diameter. So it will easily deposits in lower airways of peoples. Aero-mycoflora of Amaravati capital was estimated from rainy season 2012 to winter season 2016 using PDA plates exposing to air. The fungal species to be identified was collected from indoors and out door environment of ALC, Vijayawada city of Amaravati capital. In last five years, Amaravati capital peoples may be suffering from allergic ailments, asthma, atopic dermatitis etc. because abundant fungal spores. Total number of isolates from Amaravati was 706 in which 529 fungal species was isolated for four years and 177 in last year and from ALC was 501 in which 369 fungal species was isolated for four years and 132 in last year. 99% of fungal colonies were identified up to species level. The frequently isolated spores of fungai from amaravathi were Aspergillus flavus, Chaetomium globossum, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Mucor racemosus, Rhizopus stolanifer and from ALC was A. fumigates, Drechslera sp, Fusarium solani, M. racemosus. When compared to the outdoor aero-mycoflora of Amaravathi capital i e Vijayawada city and ALC campus, the ALC was less polluted because thick cover of plants which filter air. Aero-mycoflora of Vijayawada city studies revealed that fungal pathogens were causing respiratory problems like Asthma, Bronchitis, Cough, Cold, difficulty in breathing due to rapid urbanization.


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