Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2013

VIEWS 1
| Download

Agro-morphological characterization and assessment of variability in local germoplasm of Cucumis melo L. in Tunisia

Imen Henane, Najla Mezghani, Imen Tlili, Thouraya Rhim, Ismail Ghezal, Kamel Arfaoui, Hager Jebari

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.3(12), 198-207, December 2013

Certification:

JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The agro-morphological characterization is fundamental in order to provide information for genetic resources conservation and breeding programs. The present study was carried out to characterize six local varieties of melon (Cucumis melo L.) selected by the National Institute of Agronomic Research of Tunisia. The studied varieties were grown in the field in randomized block design with three replicates. A descriptor list with 21 (9 quantitative and 12 qualitative) characters related to stem, leaf, fruit and seed was adopted. Quantitative data underwent analysis of variance (ANOVA) and principal component analysis (PCA); qualitative data was subjected to factorial correspondence analysis (FCA). With the traits retained in the PCA and the dimensions obtained in the FCA, a cluster analysis was performed using the unweighted pair-group method of averages. Significant differences were noted for the totality of the quantitative traits and high degree of polymorphism was observed for almost all of qualitative characters. Cluster analysis and distribution of populations in the 1-2 plan of PCA and FCA separated the varieties in different group with a divergence of ‘Fakous’ (Cucumis melo var. flexuosus) variety from the other varieties.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Agro-morphological characterization and assessment of variability in local germoplasm of Cucumis melo L. in Tunisia

Akashi Y, Fukuda N, Wako T, Masuda M, Kato K. 2002. Genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships in East and South Asian melons, Cucumis melo L., based on the analysis of five isozymes. Euphytica125, 385-396.

Decker-Walters DS, Straub JE, Chung SM, Nakata E, Quemada HD. 2002. Diversity in free-living populations of Cucurbita pepo (Cucurbitaceae) as assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Systematic Botanical 27, 19–28.

Escribano S, Lázaro A. 2009. Agro-morphological diversity of Spanish traditional melons (Cucumis melo L.) of the Madrid provenance. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56, 481-497.

FAOstat . 2013. Available online: http://www.http.fao.org.

Gautier Helene, Guichard Soraya, Tchamitchian Marc. 2001. Modulation of competition between fruits and leaves by flower pruning and water fogging, and consequences on tomato leaf and fruit growth. Annals of Botany 88, 645-652.

Henan I, Tlili I, Ilahy R, R’him T, Jebari H. 2013. Evaluation of Qualitative Parameters and Physicochemical Properties of Local Varieties of Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) Grown in Tunisia. Global Science Books 7, 17-21.

IPGRI. 2006. Descriptors for mango (Mangifera indica). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.

Jebari  H,  Mahjoub  M,  Hattab  MM  .  2004. Documents Technique: Culture du melon en Tunisie. INRAT.

Kaçar YA, Simsek O, Solmaz I, Sari N, Mendi YY. 2012. Genetic diversity among melon accessions (Cucumis melo) from Turkey based on SSR markers. Genetics and Molecular Research 11(4), 4622-4631.

Kerge T, Grum M. 2000. The origin of melon, Cucumis melo: A review of the literature. In: the 7th EUCARPIA Meeting on Cucurbit Genetics & Breeding, 37-44.

Laghetti G, Accogli R, Hammer K. 2008. Different cucumber melon (Cucumis melo L.) races cultivated in Salento (Italy). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 55619-623.

López-Sesé AI, Staub JE, Gómez-Guillamón ML. 2003. Genetic analysis of Spanish melon (Cucumis melo L.) germplasm using a standardized molecular marker array and reference accessions. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 108, 41–52.

McCreight JD, Staub JE, López-Sesé AI, Chung S. 2004. Isozyme variation in Indian and Chinese melon (Cucumis melo L.) germplasm collection. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 129, 811–818.

Monforte AJ, Garcia-Mas J, Arus P. 2003. Genetic variability in melon based on microsatellite variation. Plant Breeding 122, 153–157.

Munger HM, Robinson RW. 1991. Nomenclature of Cucumis melo L. Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Reports 14, 43-44.

Nasrabadi HN, Nemati H, Sobhani A, Sharifi M. 2012. Study on morphologic variation of different Iranian melon cultivars (Cucumis melo L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research 7(18), 2764-2769.

Nayar NM, Singh R. 1998. Taxonomy, distribution, ethnobotanical uses in Cucurbits (N.M. Nayar, and T.A. More, eds.). Science Publishers, Inc., U.S.A, 1-18.

Nhi PTP, Akashi Y, Hang TTM, Tanaka K, Aierken Y, Yamamoto T, Chunlin LH, and Kato K. 2010. Genetic diversity in Vietnamese melon landraces revealed by the analyses of morphological traits and nuclear and cytoplasmic molecular markers. Breeding Science 60, 255-266.

Pech JC, Bernadac A, Bouzayen M, Latche A, Dogimont C, Pitrat M. 2007. Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, Vol. 60. Transgenic crops V. In: Pua, E.C. and MR Davey (eds.) Melon, Spinger-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 209–240.

Pitrat M, Chauvet M, Foury C. 2000 b. Diversity, history and production of cultivated cucurbits. Acta Horticulturae 492, 241–250.

Pitrat M, Hanelt P, Hammer K. 2000 a. Some comments on infraspecific classification of cultivars of melon. Acta Horticulturae 510, 29-36.

Sebastian P, Schaefer H, Telford IRH, Renner SS. 2010. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) and melon (C. melo) have numerous wild relatives in Asia and Australia, and the sister species of melon is from Australia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences-USA 107, 14269-73.

Sensoy S, Buyukalaca S, Abak K. 2007. Evaluation of genetic diversity in Turkish melons based on phenotypic characters and RAPD markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54, 1351– 1365.

Snedecor G, Cohran W. 1968. Statistical methods. The Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, p. 593.

Sokal RR, Michener CP. 1958. A statistical method for evaluating systematic relationships. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 38, 1409-1438.

Soltani F, AkashiY, Kashi A, Zamani Z, Mostofi Y, Kato K. 2010. Characterization of Iranian melon landraces of Cucumis melo L. groups Flexousus and Dudaim by analysis of morphological characters and random amplified polymorphic DNA. Breeding Science 60, 34–45.

Staub JE, López-Sesé AI, Fanourakis N. 2004. Diversity among melon landraces (Cucumis melo L.) from Greece and their genetic relationship with other melon germplasm of diverse origins. Euphytica 136, 151–166.

Szamosi C, Solmaz I, Sari N, Bársony C. 2010. Morphological evaluation and comparison of Hungarian and Turkish melon (Cucumis melo L.) germplasm. Scientia Horticulturae 124, 170-182.

Tanaka K, Akashi Y, Nishitani A, Sakata Y, Nishida H, Yoshino H, Kato K. 2007. Molecular characterization of South and East Asian melon Cucumis melo L., and the origin of Group Conmon var. makuwa and var. conmon revealed by RAPD analysis. Euphytica 153, 233–247.

Telford IRH, Sebastian P, Bruhl JJ, Renner SS. 2011. Cucumis (Cucurbitaceae) in Australia and Eastern Malesia, including newly recognized species and the sister species to C. melo. Systematic Botany 36, 376–389.

Trimech R, Zaouali Y, Boulila A, Chabchoub L, Ghezal I, Boussaid M. 2013. Genetic variation in Tunisian melon (Cucumis melo.L) germplasm as assessed by morphological traits. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 60, 1621-1628.

Turna I. 2003. Variation of some morphological and electrophoretic characters of 11 populations of Scots pine in Turkey. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 51, 223-230.

UPOV. 2006. Principes directeurs pour la conduite de l’examen de la distinction, de l’homogénéité et de la stabilité. Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales, genève.

Yashiro K, Iwata H, Y Akashi Y, Tomita K, Kuzuya M, Tsumura Y, K. Kato. 2005. Genetic relationship among East and South Asian melon (Cucumis melo L) revealed by AFLP analysis. Breeding Science 55, 197–206.

Yi SS, Akashi Y, Tanaka K, Cho TT, Khaing MT, Yoshino H, Nishida H, Yamamoto T, Win K, Kato K. 2009. Molecular analysis of genetic diversity in melon landraces (Cucumis melo L.) from Myanmar and their relationship with melon germplasm from East and South Asia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56, 1149–1161.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background