Agroclimatic zoning of sugar beet in Kermanshah province using GIS

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2014
Views (217) Download (8)

Agroclimatic zoning of sugar beet in Kermanshah province using GIS

Elahe Parmah, Hossein Negaresh, Mahmood khosravi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 4), 345-354, April 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Population growth and ever-increasing need of human for food stuff necessitate agricultural development. Among agricultural products, sugar beet is cultivated as a strategic product by Iranian farmers and Kermanshah province ranks third in terms of cultivation as well as performance in Iran. Therefore, developing cultivation of this product requires more attention in this province. In general, one of the objectives of this study was to identify potential areas for the cultivation of sugar beet. Also, the following question was answered: Is agroclimatic zoning a proper method for determining potential areas for cultivation of sugar beet using Geographical Information System (GIS)? To this end, by analyzing the data and investigating effective climatic and environmental factors in sugar beet cultivation and locating potential cultivation areas, 9 factors of altitude, rainfall, temperature, slope, slope direction and land type, effective rainfall, water demand and evaporation and transpiration were investigated. In the next step, digital elevation model and maps of slope layers, elevation layers and land use were drawn. Then, qualitative and quantitative criteria and factors were identified by AHP technique and obtained layers along with their corresponding values were imported to Expert Choice software. The values were then compared with each other in pairs and weights of the criteria and sub-criteria were obtained. Finally, in GIS environment, the layers were prepared in AHP of raster layers according to the obtained values. Regarding point-wise factors such as temperature, rainfall, evaporation and perspiration, effective rainfall and water demand, Inverse Distance Weighted (IDW) interpolation method was used for obtaining maximum and minimum cores after getting the output from AHP software. Results of this study demonstrated that the province could be divided to four areas of potential, medium potential, low potential and non-potential. Potential areas for cultivating sugar beet were scattered in the province.


Aami Azghadi A, Khorasani R, Mokarram M, Moazzi A. 2011. Evaluating soil fertility based on parameters of phosphor, potassium and organic materials for wheat using fuzzy technique, AHP and GIS, Journal of Water and Soil 24(5), 973-984.

Alijani B , Doustan R. 2007. Determining potential areas for barberry cultivation in South Khorasan province using GIS, Journal of Geography and Regional Development 8(1), 14-33.

Amani M. 2010. Investigating correspondence of sugar beet cultivation with climatic conditions in Torbat-e Heidarieh County using GIS, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, 106.

Azad A. 2004. Effect of climatic parameters on sugar beet cultivation; Case study: Shirvan – Ghuchan plain, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Tarbiat Modares University.

Azimi Hosseini M. 2011.GIS application in Site location, Mehregan-e Ghalam Publication.

Azimpour A, Sadough H, Dalal Oghli, A. 2010. Evaluating results of AHP model in landslide hazard zoning: Case study: Ahar Chai Basin, Journal of Geographical Space 9(26), 71-78.

Bafande Imandoust S. 1994. Investigating and estimating production function of sugar beet in Khorasan province, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Tarbiat Modares University.

Booth H, peter j. 1996. dimatic database for use Agricultural management Research ,presented Arendal workshop.

Bureau for Statistics and InformationTechnolog y. 2010. Agricultural Statistics. Ministry of Jihad-e Agriculture, 1st vol., 2008-2009 crop years.

Cook DA , Scott RK. 1997. Cultivating sugar beet. Translated by Kouchaki, A., and Soltani, A., Mashhad: Jahad Daneshgahi Publication.

Dargahian F. 2001. Determining cultivation calendar of sugar beet and presenting a model for Lorestan province, M.Sc. thesis in Hydroclimatology, Karazmi University.

Ebrahimzadeh J. 2000. Determining hydroclimatic calendar for sugar beet cultivation and harvest in Khoy County, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch.

Evans L. 1991. Physiology of crops, translated by Moadabe Shabestari, M., Mojtahedi, M., University of Tehran Publication Center.

Farajzadeh M, Mirzabayati R. 2007. Feasibility study of potential areas for saffron cultivation in Neyshabour Plain; using GIS, Journal of Modares Human Sciences 11(1), 67-92.

Farjnia A. 2008, Evaluating land cultivability and determining production potential of sugar beet in Yekanat plain, Marand, Journal of Sugar Beet 23( 1), 43-54.

Franklin  P, Gardner  R, Brent  P, Rodger  LM. 1999. Physiology of crops; translated by Kouchaki, A., Sarmadnia, GH., Mashhad Jahad-e Daneshgahi Publication.

Ghaemian N, Barzegar A, Mahmoudi S, Ammari P. 2003. Evaluating land cultivability for wheat, sugar beet and alfalfa using parametric methods in lands of Piranshahr region, Journal of Water and Soil 16(1), 93-105.

Habibi D, Nourmohammadi GH, Karimi Abadchi MM ,Majidi HI , Darvish F. 2005. Effects of cultivation date and bush density on root performance and fineness of sugar beet, Journal of Agricultural Science 1(1).

Hadiani Z , Kazemizad SH. 2011. Site selection of fire stations using network analysis method and AHP in GIS environment, Case study: Qom city, Journal of Geography and Development 8(17), 99-112.

Hashemi SM. 2012. Agroclimatic zoning for strawberry cultivation using GIS;Case study- Kurdestan province: M.Sc. thesis in climatology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan.

Heidari Zoleh H. 2008. Farming (general, grains, industrial and fodder), Tehran, Dibagaran Cultural and Arts Publication.

Hejazy MN ,Ehleithy B ,Helmy A. 2003. GIS modeling for best sites for agricultural development in south Eastern Desert, Egypt, rticleView.aspx?aid=166.

Jafarmanesh K. 1999. Determining cultivation calendar of sugar beet in Nahavand Plain, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Kharazmi University.

Kamali GA, Sedghiani Pour A, Sedaghat Kerdar A, Asgari G. 2009. Investigating climatic potential for wheat dry farming in East Azarbaijan province, Journal of Water and Soil 22(2), 468 -483.

Khajehpour MR. 2008. Industrial plants, 3rd ed., Isfahan Jahad Danesgahi Publication.

Mavi H, Gian singh M. 1998. Agroclimatic Regions of Punjab based on summer(kharif),.27-38.

Mirzabayati R. 2005. Feasibility study of potential areas for saffron cultivation in Neyshabour Plain using GIS, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Tarbiat Modares University.

Mousavinejad SM. 2002. Studying climatic conditions for developing sugar beet cultivation in Chenaran region, M.Sc. thesis in Physical Geography, Shahid Beheshti University.

Mozaffari GA. 2002. Evaluating environmental capabilities of wheat dry farming- agricultural climatology (Case study: Kermanshah), Ph.D. dissertation in climatology, Tarbiat Modares University.

Nouri M. 2005. Agricultural climate of Dehloran County with an emphasis on effects of thermal and rainfall indices on sugar beet cultivation, M.Sc. thesis in Physical Geography, Shahid Beheshti University.

Perera A, Thillana Darajan V. 1991. GIS for land use mapping and change detection in cool mining area, case study in the jharia coalfield India. International journal of Remote Sensing, 19(3), 391-610.

Peter J. 2001. Weather and crop yield, translated by Kafi, M., Ganjali, A., Nezami, A., Shariatmadar, F., Mashad Jahad Daneshgahi Publication.

Sari Sarraf B , Bazgir S , Mohammadi GH. 2010. Zoning climatic potentials for dry farming of wheat in West Azarbaijan province. Journal of Geography and Development, 7(13), 5 -26.

Shanwad UK. 2003. Precision farming, ray of hope fore sustainable Agriculture, International Conference Map India.

Sheikh Ahmadi H. 2006. Agrocilmatic study of western area of Lake Urmia regarding olive cultivation. M.Sc. thesis in climatology: University of Tabriz.

Siami A. 2005. Agricultural climate of Khalkhal and Kowsar Counties with an emphasis on feasibility of wheat dry farming.M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Shahid Beheshti University

Teklu Biqash A. 2000. Agroclimatic Zoning of Hamedan province using GIS with an emphasis on wheat dry farming, M.Sc. thesis in Climatology, Tarbiat Modares University

Wolfgang B. 2002. Importance of agricultural meteorlogy, Deparment Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska, field crops research.