Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2015

VIEWS 3
| Download 1

Allelopathic effects of syrian bean caper (Zygophyllum fabago L.) on seed germination and seedling growth of eastern dodder (Cuscuta monogyna Vahl.)

Leila Ebrahimi, Sirous Hassannejad

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(2), 253-260, August 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Eastern dodder (CuscutamonogynaVahl.) is a parasitic weed of woody species. The objective of the research was to study allelopathic effects of above ground parts of Syrian bean caper (Zygophyllumfabago L.) on eastern dodder(CuscutamonogynaVahl.) seed germination and seedling growth. Water extracts from leaf, fruit and stem dry powder in five concentrations (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10 g/100ml) were tested on germination and seedling growth in factorial experiment in completely randomized block design with three replications.The results indicatethereduction of seed germination up to 90.6%. Leaf extract showed higher inhibition impact on seed germination and seedling growth.Also, fruit and stem extracts inhibition on seed germination seedling growth of eastern dodder was significant. By increasing of allopathic plant concentration, seed germination and seedling growth of this parasitic weed was decreased significantly. In all concentrations of all plant parts, seedling growth of eastern dodder was more sensitive thanseed germination.Therefore, allelopathic potential of Syrian bean caper could be used for this parasitic weed management, in order to achieve the goals of sustainable agriculture and environmental conservation.

VIEWS 3

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Allelopathic effects of syrian bean caper (Zygophyllum fabago L.) on seed germination and seedling growth of eastern dodder (Cuscuta monogyna Vahl.)

Agarwal AR, Gahlot A, Verma R, Rao PB. 2002. Effect of weed extracts on seedling growth of some varieties of wheat. Journal of Environmental Biology 23(1), 19-23.

Alam AE. 2011. Phytochemical screening on different plant parts of some succulent plants of Egypt. New York Science Journal 4, 15-18.

Alam SM, Ala SA, Azmi AR, Kan MA, Ansari R. 2001.Allelopathy and its role in agriculture. Journal of Biological Sciences 1(5), 308-315.

Alam SM, Islam EU. 2002. Effects of aqueous extract of leaf, stem and root of nettleleaf goosefoot and NaCl on germination and seedling growth of rice. Pakistan Journal of Seed Technology 1(2), 47-52.

Ben-Hammounda M, Kremer RJ, Minor HC, Sarwar M. 1995. A chemical basis for differential allelopathic potential of sorghum hybrids on wheat. Journal of Chemical Ecology 21, 775-786.

Ebana K, Yan W, Dilday RH, Namai H, Okuno K. 2001. Variation in the allelopathic effect of rice with water soluble extracts. Agronomy Journal 93, 12-16.

El-Khatib AA, Hegazy AK, Gala HK. 2004. Does allelopathy have a role in the ecology of Chenopodiummurale. Annales Botanici Fennici 41, 37-45.

Ellis RH, Roberts EH. 1981.The quantification of ageing and survival in orthodox seed. Seed Science and Technology 9, 337-409.

Escudero A, Albert MJ, Pita JM, Garcia FP. 2000.  Inhibitory effects of Artemisia herbaalbaon thegermination of the gypsophyte  Helianthemumsquamatum. Plant Ecology 148, 71-80.

Fateh E, Sohrabi SS, Gerami F. 2012. Evaluation of the allelopathic effect of bindweed Advances in Environmental Biology 6(3), 940-950.

Fernandez C, Voiriot S, Mevy J, Vila B, Ormeno E, Dupouyet S, Bousquet-Melou A. 2008. Regeneration failure of Pinushalepensis Mill: The role of auto-toxicity and some abiotic environmental parameters. Forest Ecology and Management 255(7), 2928-2936.

Gibson LR, Liebman M. 2003. A laboratory exercise for teaching plant interference and relative growth rate concepts. Weed Technology 17(2), 394-402.

Hassanean HA, Desoky EK, El-Hamouly MMA. 1993. Quinovic acid glycosides from Zygophyllum album L. Phytochemistry 33, 663-666.

Hegazy AK, Fadl-Allah EM. 1995. Inhibition of seed germination and seedling growth by Cleome droserifolia and allelopathic effects on rhizosphere fungi in Egypt. Journal of Arid Environments 29, 3-13.

Iqbal Z, Hiradate S, Noda A, Isojima S, Fujii Y. 2003.Allelopathic activity of buckwheat: isolation and characterization of phenolics. Weed Science 51(5), 657-662.

Joel DM, Hershenhorn J, Eizenberg H, Aly R, Ejeta G, Rich PJ, Ramsom JK, Sauerborn J, Rubiales D. 2007. Biology and management of weedy root parasites. In: Janick J, Ed. Horticultural reviews. Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York, 267–349.

KarimiH. 2001. Weeds of Iran. Tehran University Press, 419 p.

Lanini WT, Cudney DW, Miyao G, Hembree KJ. 2010. How to manage pests in gardens and landscapes: Dodder. UC peer reviewed.

Laosinwattana C, Poonpaiboonpipat T, Teerarak M, Phuwiwat W, Mongkolaussavaratana T, Charoenying P. 2009. Allelopathic potential of Chinese rice flower (AglaiaodorataLour.) as organic herbicide. Allelopathy Journal 24, 45-54.

Lefevre I, Correal E, Lutts S. 2010. Impact of cadmium and zinc on growth and water status of Zygophyllumfabago in two contrasting metallicolous population from SE Spain: Comparison at whole plant and tissue level. Plant Biology 12, 883-894.

Nouri H, Talab ZA, Tavassoli A. 2012. Effect of weed allelopathic of sorghum (Sorghum halepense) on germination and seedling growth of wheat, Alvand cultivar. Annals of Biological Research 3(3), 1283-1293.

Perry DA. 1977. A vigour test for seed of barley (HordeumvulgareL.), based on measurement of plumule growth. Seed Science and Technology 5, 709-719.

Sameh RH, Mana MM, Lamyaa FI, Salwa AK, Nabiel AMS. 2011. Flavonoids of Zygophyllum album L. and Zygophyllum simplex L. (Zygophyllaceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 39, 778-780.

Shang ZH, Xu SG. 2012. Allelopathic testing of Pediculariskansuensis (Scrophulariaceae) on seed germination and seedling growth of two native grasses in the Tibetan plateau. Fyton 81, 75-79.

Smati D, Mitaine-Offer AC, Miyamoto T, Hammiche V, Lacaille-dubois MA. 2007.Ursan-type triterpenoidsaponins from Zygophyllumgesilini. Helvetica ChimicaActa 90, 712-719.

Smith AE, Martin LD. 1994. Allelopathic characteristics of three cool season grass species in the forage ecosystem. Agronomy Journal 86, 243-246.

Stephenson GR. 2000. Herbicide use and world food production: Risks and benefits. p. 240. In Abstracts of International Weed Science Congress. 3rd, Foz Do Iguassu, Brazil. 6–11 June. 28.

Teerarak M, Laosinwattana C, Charoenying P. 2010. Evaluation of allelopathic, decomposition and cytogenetic activities of JasminumofficinaleL. f. var. grandiflorum (L.) Kob.on bioassay plants. Bioresource Technology 110, 5677–5684.

Tinnin R, Muller C. 2006. The allelopathic influence of Avenafatua: The allelopathic mechanism. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 99, 287-292.

Zeng RS, Mallik AZ, Luo SM. 2008.Allelopathy in Sustainable Agriculture and Forest. Springer, New York.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background