Alterations in macro and micronutrient uptake by Jambu (Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen) exposed to cadmium

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/02/2022
Views (468) Download (43)

Alterations in macro and micronutrient uptake by Jambu (Acmella oleracea (L.) R.K. Jansen) exposed to cadmium

Eder Silva de Oliveira, Ítalo Marlone Gomes Sampaio, Ricardo Falesi Palha de Moraes Bittencourt, Gilmara Maureline Teles da Silva de Oliveira, Mario Lopes Silva Junior, Washington Aleksander Savaris dos Santos
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.20( 2), 1-11, February 2022.
Certificate: IJAAR 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The Jambu, an herbaceous plant widely consumed in the Amazon in typical dishes and in natura, is also found in Central America, Asia, and even in Europe. Its behavior when exposed to heavy metals is unknown and, being Cd one of the most phytotoxic metals, the objective is to elucidate how Cd influences nutrient uptake by jambu. The experimental design was entirely randomized with five treatments and six repetitions, in a hydroponic culture system. Four doses of Cd (1, 3, 6 and 9mg/L), plus a control were used. At the end of the experiment, chemical analyses were performed to quantify the content of K, Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn, Mn and Cu in the leaf, stem, inflorescence and root. The results were submitted to ANOVA and regression analysis and show a significant increase in K, Mg and Ca, up to a dose of 6mg/L of Cd. The micronutrients Fe, Zn, Mn and Cu also showed a significant increase in the absorption, until the dose of 6mg/L. The difference in uptake ranged from 23.02% for Cu to 151.9% for Ca in relation to the uptake of the nutrients by the control plants. The dose of 9mg/L, produced an antagonistic effect, with a reduction in the uptake of the nutrients, with the exception of Ca. In general, Cd in small doses produced in the jambu a stimulant effect and in larger doses, a toxic effect. This behavior indicates a hormetic effect of jambu against Cd.


Alloway B. 2013. Heavy Metals in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability. Environmental Pollution. Third Edition 22, 614p. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-4470-7

ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry). 2012. Toxicologial profile for cadmium. US Department of health and human services 487p.

Calabrese EJ, Blain RB. 2009. Hormesis and plant biology. Environmental Pollution 159, 42-48. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2008.07.028.

Chang YC, Zouari M, Gogorcena Y, Lucena JJ, Abadía J. 2003. Effects of cadmium and lead on ferric chelate recdutase activities in sugar beets roots. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 41(11-12), 999-1005. DOI: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2003.07.007

Dias MC, Monteiro C, Moutinho-Pereira J, Correia C, Gonçalves B, Santos C. 2013. Cadmium toxicity affects photosynthesis and plant growth at different levels. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 35, 1281-1289. DOI: 10.1007/s11738-012-1167-8

Dubey S, Maity S, Singh M, Saraf SA, Saha S. 2013. Phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of Spilanthes Acmella: a review. Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences 1-9.

Epstein E, Bloom AJ. 2005. Mineral nutrition of plants: principles and erspectives. Second Revised Edition. Sinauer Associates 380p.

Haider FU, Liqum C, Couter JA, Cheema SA, Wu J, Zhang R, Wenjun M, Farooq M. 2021. Cadmium toxicity in plants: Impacts and remediations strategies. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 211, 1-22. DOI: 10.1016/ j.ecoenv.2020.111887

Hoagland DR, Arnon DI. 1950. The water-culture method for growing plants without soil. California Agricultural Experiment Station 347 (32).

Hungria LC, Oliveira ES, Sampaio IMG, Souza ED, Fernandes AR. 2019. Tolerância de plantas de jambu (Acmella oleracea) cultivadas em solo contaminado por cádmio. Brasilian Journal of Development 11 (5), 26211-26219.

Kabata-Pendias A. 2010. Cadmium. In: Trace elements in soils and plants. Kabata-Pendias A. Fourth Edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 287-304.  DOI: 10.1201/b10158.

Khaliq MA, James B, Chen YH, Saqib HSA, Li HH, Jayasuriya P, Guo W. 2018. Uptake, translocation, and accumulation of Cd and its interaction with mineral nutrients (Fe, Zn, Ni, Ca, Mg) in upland rice, Chemosphere 215, 916-924. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.077

Khan A, Khan S, Alam M, Khan MA, Aamir M, Qamar Z, Rehman ZU, Perveen S. 2016. Toxic metal interactions affect the bioaccumulation and dietary intake of macro- and micro-nutrients, Chemosphere 146, 121-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.chem osphere.2015.12.014.

Khan A, Khan S, Khan MA, Qamar Z, Waqas M. 2015. The uptake and bioaccumulation of heavy metals by food plants, their effects on plants nutrients, and associated health risk: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 22(18), 13772-99. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4881-0

Kurdziel BM, Prasad MNV, Strzalka K. 2004. Photosynthesis in heavy metal stressed plants. In: Prasad MNV, Ed. Heavy metal stress in plants: From biomolecules to ecosystems. Second Edition. Springer 146-181. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-07743-6_6.

Lalthanpuii PB, Hruaitluangi L, Sailo N, Lalremsanga HT, Lalchhandama K. 2017. Nutritive value and antioxidant activity of Acmella oleracea (Asteraceae), a variety grown in Mizoram, India. International Journal of Phytopharmacy 7(5), p. 42-46. DOI: 10.7439/ijpp.v7i5.4385

Liu J, Li K, Xu J, Liang J, Lu X, Yang J, Zhu Q. 2003. Interaction of Cd and five mineral nutrients for uptake and accumulation in different rice cultivars and genotypes, Field Crops Research 83(3), 271-281. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00077-7.

Marschner P. 2012. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. Academic press. Third Edition. DOI: 10.1016 /C2009-0-63043-9

Naeem A, Zafar M, Khalid H, Zia-ur-Rehman M, Ahmad Z, Ayub MA, Qayyum MF. 2019. Cadmium-induced imbalance in nutrient and water uptake by plants. In: Cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants: Hasanuzzaman M, Prasas MNV, Fujita M. Ed. From physiology to remediation. Academic Press 589p. DOI: 10.1016/C2017-0-02050-5

Pereira Junior JB, Dantas KGF. 2016. Evaluation of inorganic elements in cat’s claw teas using ICP OES and GF AAS. Food Chemistry 196. 331-337, DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.09.057

Perfus-Barbeoch L, Leonhardt N, Vavasseur A, Forestier C. 2002. Heavy metal toxicity: cadmium permeates through calcium channels and disturbs the plant water status. The Plant Journal 32(4), 39-548.

Pincelli-Souza RP, Bortolheiro FPAP, Carbonari CA, Velini ED, Silva MA. 2020. Hormetic effect of glyphosate persists during the entire growth period and increases sugarcane yield. Pest Management Science 76, p.2388-2394.

Qin S, Liu H, Nie Z, Rengel Z, Gao W, Li C, Zhao P. 2020. Toxicity of cadmium and its competition with mineral nutrients for uptake by plants: A review, Pedosphere 30(2), 168-180, DOI: 10.1016/S1002-0160(20)60002-9.

Qureshi MI, D’Amici GM, Fagioni M, Rinalducci S, Zolla L. 2010. Iron stabilizes thylakoid protein-pigment complexes in Indian mustard during Cd-phytoremediation as revealed by BN-SDS-PAGE and ESI-MS/MS, Journal of Plant Physiology 167(10), 761-770.

R Core Team. 2018. A language and environment for statistical computing. Version 3.5.1. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.

Rai PK, Lee SS, Zhang M, Tsang M, Kim K. 2019. Heavy metals in food crops: health risks, fate, mechanisms, and management. Environment International 125, 365-385.

Ray SD, Farris FF, Hartmann AC. 2014. Hormesis. In: Wexler O, Ed. Encyclopedia of toxicology, Academic Press. Elsevier, 944-948.

Rizwan M, Ali S, Adrees M, Ibrahim I, Tsang DCW, Zia-Ur-Rehman M, Zahir ZA, Rinklebe J, Tack FMG, Ok YS. 2017. A critical review on effects, tolerance mechanisms and management of cadmium in vegetables. Chemosphere 182, 90-105, DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.05.013.

Sampaio IMG, Silva Junior ML, Chagas ES, Bittencourt RFPM, Costa VCN, Souza DL, Santos WAS, Teixeira BJB. 2020. Evaluation of the Non-destructive Method Efficiency of Estimating Nitrogen Content in Jambu Plants Grown in Hydroponic System. Journal of Agricultural Studies 8(2), 466-479. DOI:10.5296/jas.v8i2.16380.

Shanmugaraj BM, Malla A, Ramalingam S. 2019. Cadmium stress and toxidity in plants: An overview. In: Hasanuzzaman, M. et al., Ed. Cadmuim toxidity and tolerance in plants. Ed. Academic Press 619p.  DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-814864-8.00001-2.

Solís-Dominguez FA, González-Chávez MC, Carrillo-González R, Rodriguez-Vazquez R. 2007. Accumulation and localization of cadmuim in Echinochloa polystachya grown within a hydroponic system Journal of Hazardous Material 141(3), 630 – 636. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.014.

Swiader JM, Chyan Y, Freiji FG. 1994. Genotypic differences in nitrate uptake and utilization efficiency in pumpkin hybrids. Journal of Plant Nutrition 17(10), 1687 – 1699, 1994. DOI: 10.1080/01904 169409 364840

Sytar O, Brestic M, Taran N, Zivcak M. Plants used for biomonitoring and phytoremediation of trace elements in soil and water. In: Ahmad P, Ed. Plant Metal Interaction 361-384. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803158-2.00014-X

Taiz L, Zeiger E, Moller IM, Murphy A. 2017. Plant physiology and development. 6th (Sixth) Edition. Oxford University Press 761.

Tsukagoshi S, Shinohara Y. 2020. Nutrition and nutrient uptake in soilless culture systems. In: Kozai T, Niu G, Takagaki M, Ed. Plant Factory. 2th Ed., Academic Press 221-229. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-816691-8.00014-5.

Uthpala TGG, Navaratne SB. 2021. Acmella oleracea plant; identification, applications and use as an emerging food source – Review. Food Reviews International 37(4), 399-414.

Zornoza P, Sánchez-Pardo B, Carpena RO. 2010. Interaction and accumulation of manganese and cadmium in the manganese accumulator Lupinus albus. Journal of Plant Physiology 167, 1027-1032. DOI: 10.1016/j.jplph.2010.02.011