An assessment of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) utilization on rural livelihoods in Ini local government area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2012
Views (352) Download (7)

An assessment of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) utilization on rural livelihoods in Ini local government area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

F.O. Ogundele, E.A. Utin, A.I. Iwara, G. N. Njar, T.N. Deekor
J. Bio. Env. Sci.2( 8), 1-13, August 2012.
Certificate: JBES 2012 [Generate Certificate]


The study examined the contribution of non-timber forest products (NTFPS) utilization on rural livelihood in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The specific objective was to investigate the utilization of NTFPs and ascertains it effects on rural livelihood. Data were obtained through the administration of 373 copies of structured questionnaire to 10 communities with large portion of natural rainforest. Data obtained were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. The multiple regression result showed that the utilization of NTFPs was significantly influenced by socio-economic factors (age, gender, income and educational level) (p<0.05). The t-statistic result revealed that the utilization of NTFPs greatly contributed to rural livelihood such as cooking, medical treatment, roofing materials, craft making and income generation (p<0.01). The study revealed that 96.7 per cent of forest lands in the area were owned by individuals, families and communities, while only 3.3 per cent was owned either by the state or local government. The study suggests the domestication of economically valuable products be given priority at the local level as well as improves trade in NTFPs.


Adedayo AG, Akindele SO. 2003. Appraisal of Forest Resources Utilization and its Impact on Rural Household Poverty in kwara State. Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Forestry, 33(1), 11-17

Adekunle VAJ, Bakare Y. 2004. Rural Livelihood Benefits from Participation in Taungya Agroforestry System in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Small-Scale Forest Eco-Management and Policy: 131-138.

Adepoju AA, Salau AS. 2007. Economic Valuation of Non-Timber Forest Products.

Anderson J, Benjamin C, Campbell B, Tiveau D. 2006. Forests, Poverty and Equity in Africa: New Perspectives on Policy and Practice. International Forestry Review 8 (2), 44-53.

Aremu OT, Ero II, Modugu WW, Osayimwen PE. 2009. Prospects for Sustainable Utilization of Amahor Forest Reserve, Edo state. Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Biological sciences 5 (4), 518-523.

Baer JH. 2000. Recent Discussion and Development on the Economic Value of non-timber Forest Products in Southeast Asia 2nd ed. Pp. 131-155

Chilalo M, Wiersum KK. 2011. The Role of Non-Timber Forest Products for Livelihood Diversification in Southwest Ethiopia. Agriculture and Forestry Issue 3 (1), 44-59

Dhakal M, Masuda M. 2009. Local Pricing System of Forest Products and Its Relations to Equitable Benefit Sharing and Livelihood Improvement In The Lowland Community Forestry Program In Nepal. Forest policy and economics 11, 221-229

Egunjobi L. 2003. NTFPs Utilization in the Forest Region. Centre for Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan.

FAO. 1999. FAO Forestry – Towards a Harmonized Definition of Non-wood Forest Products. Unsylva 50 (198)

Glenn D. 1992. Sampling: The Evidence of Extension Program Impact. Program Evaluation and Organizational Development, IFAS. University of Florida. PEOD-5. October

Ihenyen J, Okoegwale E, Mensah K. 2009. Forest Product of Ehor Forest Reserve in Uhunwade Local Government Area, Edo State.

Inyang IB. 2000. South – Eastern Nigeria: Its Environment. Kaduna: Abaams  publishing Co. Kaduna, Nigeria.

Jimoh SO. 2006. Sustaining the Roles of Non-Timber Forest Product in Rural Poverty Reduction and Household Food Security. Journal of Fisheries International 1 (2-4), 63-69

King SR. 1996. Conservation and Tropical Medicine Plant Research. New York: Columbia Press.

Kusters K, Achdiawan R, Belcher B, Ruiz Perez M. 2006. Balancing Development and Conservation? An Assessment of Livelihood and Environmental Outcomes of Non Timber Forest Product Trade in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Ecology and Society 11(2), 20.

Miah R. 2008. Non-timber Forest Products and Co-management: A Case of Chunatic Wildlife Sanctuary. Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences. University of Chittagong. Bangladesh.

National population commission (NPC) 1991. Population Census in Nigeria

Okafor SI. 2008. Location, Distribution and Question of Justice in Nigeria: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ibadan.

Okoji MA. 2000. “Agriculture” Inyang I. B. (Ed) South-Eastern Nigeria: Its Environment. Kaduna: Abaams Publishing Co, p. 122 – 134.

Oksanen T, Pajari B, Tuomasjukka T. 2003 (eds.). Forests in Poverty Reduction Strategies: Capturing the Potential. EFI Proceedings No 47. European Forest Institute: Joensuu, Finland. p. 7-15.

Osemeabo GJ. 2004. Tropical Rainforest in Poverty Alleviation: Economics of Alternative Forestland Uses for Rural Livelihoods in Nigeria. A Study Commissioned by FAO. Rome.

Oyerinde VO. 2005. Potentials of Common Property Resources in Nigerian Rainforest Ecosystem: An Antidote to Rural Poverty among Women.

Ros-Tonen MAF. 2000. The Role of Non-Timber Forest Products in Sustainable Tropical Forest Management. Holz als Roh – und Werkstoff, 2– 1, 58–196.

Ros-tonen MAF, Wiersum KF. 2005. The Scope for Improving Rural Livelihoods through Non-Timber Forest Products: An Evolving Research Agenda. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 15 (2), 129-148.

Sunderlin  WD,  Angelsen  A,  Belcher  B, Burgers P, Nasi R, Santoso L, Wunder S. 2005. Livelihoods,  Forests,  and  Conservation  in Developing   Countries:   An   Overview.   World Development 33(9), 1383-1402.

Timko JA, Waeber PO, Koza RA. 2010. The Socio-Economic Contribution of Non-Timber Forest Products to Rural Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa: Knowledge Gaps and New Directions. International Forestry Research 12(3), 284 -294.