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An epidemiological survey on diversity and seasonal distribution of hard ticks in sheep and goats in Multan, Pakistan

Research Paper | March 1, 2017

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Muhammad Riaz, ZahidaTasawar, Muhammad Zaka Ullah

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 3), 50-61, March 2017


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Tick infestation is the major obstacle in livestock spreading in the tropical and subtropical region of the world. The purpose of the present study was to determine the tick infestation in small ruminants in district Multan, Pakistan. During sampling the adult ixodid ticks were collected from sampled animals and  identified on the basis of shape of scutum, leg color, body, coxae one and ventral plates. The results showed the prevalence of tick infestation was 48.0% in small ruminants. Sheep was more infested with ticks (50.0%) compared to goats (43.6%). Hylomma anatolicum was the dominant tick species 52.2% followed by Rhipicephalus sanguineus 17.4%. The mixed infection was found 30.4% in small ruminants.The sex wise prevalence was higher in females (48.5%) than in males (45.2%). The tick prevalence based on age recorded higher in age >3 years was 52.3%, in age 1-2 years was 45.2%and lower in age <1 year (44%) respectively. Among sheep the highest prevalence was in Lohi breed (51.0%) than  Kajli breed (50.0%) while in goats highest tick infestation was reported in Beetal breed (52.6%), followed Nachi breed (42.7%), and Teddy breed (39.2%).The result indicated that significantly higher tick prevalence was in June (81.0%) and lower in November (350%). The higher tick infection was recorded in summer season (77.7%) followed by autumn season (52.3%), spring season (50%) and lowest in winter season (11.1%).Breed wise prevalence revealed Lohi breedin sheep (51%)and Beetal breed in (52.6%) was more infested..The present study shown It was found that in sheep internal ear (94%) and external ear (80%) and in goats internal ear (95%) were the most infested sites.


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An epidemiological survey on diversity and seasonal distribution of hard ticks in sheep and goats in Multan, Pakistan

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