An insight into the abundance and diversity of butterfly (Insecta: Lepidoptera) fauna in surrounding vegetation of Subhas Sarobar, Kolkata, India

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Research Paper 06/05/2024
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An insight into the abundance and diversity of butterfly (Insecta: Lepidoptera) fauna in surrounding vegetation of Subhas Sarobar, Kolkata, India

Mousumi Das, Madhurima Sen, Srija Gan, Bibarta Jha
J. Bio. Env. Sci.24( 5), 31-44, May 2024.
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Abstract

Butterflies are the indicator species as their diversity and abundance represent the health of a habitat and act as a tool for monitoring the impact of urbanization in an area. The aim of the present research paper is to estimate the diversity and abundance of butterfly fauna in the surrounding vegetation of Subhas Sarobar, Kolkata, India. The present study recorded 74 butterfly species of 5 families and 56 genera, which were sampled over a period of nine months from June 2023 to February 2024. Out of 74 species, 16 species belong to family Nymphalidae, 17 species to Lycaenidae, 3 species to Papilionidae, 10 species to Pieridae and 10 species to Hesperiidae correspondingly. Lycaenidae was the most prevailing family owing to their species richness. Nymphalidae family dominated the recorded species (45.14%) over Pieridae (25.72%), Lycaenidae (14.41%), Papilionidae (10.25%), and Hesperiidae (4.48%). Based on the sightings of the butterfly species, 78.66% were very common category, 15.90% under common category, 4.16% under fairly common category and 1.28% under uncommon category. Ten species of the recorded butterflies are legally protected under different Schedules as per the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Values of different diversity indices such as Shannon’s index (H’=3.79), Pielou’s evenness index (J’=0.89) and Simpson’s index (Ds=0.03) showed a high diversity, evenly distribution and high abundance persisted in the butterfly community. This study is expected to contribute necessary information toward the conservation of the habitat as well as the butterfly fauna in the surrounding vegetation of Subhas Sarobar, Kolkata and similar geographic areas.

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