Int. J. Biosci.15(5), 511-517, November 2019
Until now, about 400 red cell’s antigens have been identified. The ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood groups are considered much significant concerning blood transfusion.Based on the type of antigen carried by the red cells, every person has a blood group. Blood groups are hereditarily decided,and phenotypes havedifferent distribution both within and between geographical boundaries.The aim of the study was assessment of blood group distribution among the localpopulation of Azad Kashmir.The current research work was conducted at the medical laboratory of Government District Hospital, Kotli, Azad Kashmir, between the duration Oct 2017 to Jan 2018. A total of 3450 subjectswere included, and blood grouping was determined by the glass slide technique using commercially available antisera.Out of 3450 subjects, 1881 (54.52%) were men, whereas 1569 (45.48%) were women. The most frequent blood group present was B (36.64%) followed closely by O (29.33%), A (20.93%) and AB (13.1%).A majority of participants, i.e. 3092 (89.62%) were positive for Rh antigen, while 358 (10.38%) people were negative for Rh antigen.The outcomes would generate useful records for transfusion medicine practices at local level as well as at national level. Such inquiries need to be completed in other communities too.
Agarwal RK, Dhanya RLG, Parmar Vaish A, Sedai A, Periyavan S. 2015. A study of the noncompliance of blood banks on safety and quality parameters in blood donation camps in Bengaluru. Asian journal of transfusion science 9, 23.
Alam M. 2005. ABO and Rhesus blood groups in potential blood donors at Skardu (Northern Areas). Pak J Pathol 16, 94-97.
Bhat Y, Pavan Kumar C. 2012. Morbidity of ABO haemolytic disease in the newborn. Paediatrics and international child health 32, 93-96.
Cooling L. 2015. Blood groups in infection and host susceptibility. Clinical microbiology reviews 28, 801-870.
Farhud D, Yeganeh MZ. 2013. A Brief History of Human Blood Groups. Iranian Journal of Public Health 42(1), 1.
Daniels G. 2002. ABO, Hh and Lewis systems. Daniels G, Human blood groups 2nd ed. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific 40-41.
Dean L. 2005. The ABO blood group.Blood Groups and Red Cell Antigens [Internet].National Center for Biotechnology Information (US).
Egesie U, Egesie O, Usar I, Johnbull T. 2008. Distribution of ABO, Rhesus blood groups and haemoglobin electrophoresis among the undergraduate students of Niger Delta University Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences 23,
Enosolease ME, Bazuaye GN. 2008. Distribution of ABO and Rh-D blood groups in the Benin area of Niger-Delta: Implication for regional blood transfusion. Asian journal of transfusion science 2, 3.
Frances T. 2002. Blood groups (ABO groups). common Laboratory and diagnostic tests. 3rd Edition, Philadelphia: Lippincott 19-15.
Garg P, Upadhyay S, Chufal SS, Hasan Y, Tayal I. 2014. Prevalance of ABO and rhesus blood groups in blood donors: a study from a tertiary care teaching hospital of Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR 8, FC16.
Garratty G, Glynn SA, Mcentire R, Study RED. 2004. ABO and Rh (D) phenotype frequencies of different racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Transfusion 44, 703-706.
Ghasemi N, Davar R, Soleimanian S. 2011. ABO Bloods group incompatibility in recurrent abortion. Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 1, 62-66.
Gupta R, Dewan D, Suri J, Padha U. 2016. Frequency and distribution of ABO and Rhesus blood groups in blood donors in a provincial hospital of Jammu. Indian Journal of Pathology and Oncology 3, 212-215.
Hughes R, Craig J, Murphy W, Greek I. 1994. Causes and clinical consequences of Rhesus (D) haemolytic disease of the newborn: a study of a Scottish population, 1985–1990. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology 101, 297-300.
Hussain A, Shiekh S, Haider M, Rasheed TM. Malik R. 2001. Frequency of ABO and Rh blood groups in population of Balouchistan (Pakistan). Pak Armed Forces Med J 51, 22-26.
Kaur H, Khanna A, Manjari M, Khanna M. 2013. Prevalence of ABO blood groups and rhesus (Rh) factor in the population residing in and around Amritsar, Punjab (a 4-year study from June 2007 to June 2011). Asian journal of transfusion science 7, 159.
Khan M, Khaliq I, Bakhsh A, Akhtar M, Amin Ud Din MJEEMHJ. 2009. Distribution of ABO and Rh D blood groups in the population of Poonch District, Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Liu J, Zhang S, Liu M, Wang Q, Shen H, Zhang Y. 2018. Distribution of ABO/Rh blood groups and their association with hepatitis B virus infection in 3.8 million Chinese adults: A population‐based cross‐sectional study. Journal of viral hepatitis 25, 401-411.
Lögdberg L, Reid ME, Zelinski T. 2011. Human blood group genes 2010: chromosomal locations and cloning strategies revisited. Transfusion medicine reviews 25, 36-46.
Mandisodza A, Mangoyi G, Musekiwa Z, Mvere D, Abayomi A. 2008. Incidence of haemolytic disease of the newborn in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Nazli R, Haider J, Khan MA, Akhtar T, Aslam H. 2015. Frequency of ABO blood groups and RhD factor in the female population of District Peshawar. Pakistan journal of medical sciences 31, 984.
Olsson ML, Irshaid NM, Hosseini-Maaf B, Hellberg Å, Moulds MK, Sareneva H, Chester MA. 2001. Genomic analysis of clinical samples with serologic ABO blood grouping discrepancies: identification of 15 novel A and B subgroup alleles. Blood 98, 1585-1593.
Owen R. 2000. Karl Landsteiner and the first human marker locus. Genetics 155, 995-998.
Paridar M, Shoushtari MM, Kiani B, Nori B, Shahjahani M, Khosravi A, Far MJ. 2016. Distribution of ABO blood groups and rhesus factor in a Large Scale Study of different cities and ethnicities in Khuzestan province, Iran. Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics 17, 105-109.
Pramanik T, Pramanik S. 2000. Distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups in Nepalese medical students: a report.
Shakir M, Khan SA, Ghani E. 2012. Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among blood donors in Rawalpindi/Islamabad area. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal 130.
Sharif S, Anwar N, Farasat T, Naz S. 2014. ABO blood group frequency in Ischemic heart disease patients in Pakistani population. Pakistan journal of medical sciences 30, 593.
Shehzada N, Khan MU, Majeed U, Zarshad M, Qasim M, Ghani U, Zaman M. 2018. An Insight into the General Trend of Blood Group Dissemination among Local Population of Muzaffarabad. Asian Journal of Allied Health Sciences 3, 05.
Umer Khan M, Waqas Bashir M, Rehman R, Ahmed Kiani R. 2014. Frequency of ABO and Rh (D) blood groups among blood donors in Lahore, Pakistan. International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research 2, 597-600.
Vamvakas EC, Blajchman MA. 2009. Transfusion-related mortality: the ongoing risks of allogeneic blood transfusion and the available strategies for their prevention. Blood 113, 3406-3417.
William FG, Ganong M. 2005. Review of medical physiology. Twenty second edition USA: The McGraw Hill Companies 633.