Analysis of efficiency of maize production: The case of smallholder farmers in Shashogo District, Hadiya Zone Snnpr Region, Ethiopia

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Research Paper 11/03/2024
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Analysis of efficiency of maize production: The case of smallholder farmers in Shashogo District, Hadiya Zone Snnpr Region, Ethiopia

Dejene Tumiso, Abebe Markos
J. Bio. Env. Sci.24( 3), 80-96, March 2024.
Certificate: JBES 2024 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study aims to identify major problems of maize production, to estimate the level of technical, allocative, and economic efficiency of maize production and to identify factors that contribute to efficiency differences among smallholder farmers in the shashogo district. It was based on cross-sectional data collected from 324 maize producer farmers through a multi-stage sampling technique during the 2021 production season. The technical, allocation, and economic efficiency of sampled farmers in maize production was estimated and analyzed by Cobb-Douglas functional form in the stochastic frontier model (SFM) with a single stage estimation method. The results show that the mean technical, allocative and economic efficiency score was found to be 73.49, 72.4 and 55.27%, respectively, indicating a substantial level of inefficiency in maize production.  The result indicated that important factors that  affected technical, allocative and economic efficiency are education, experience, soil fertility, extension visits, planting method, livestock holding, and off-farm/non-farm activity, land fragments, credit, and livestock holding,. Based on the findings the following recommendations are forwarded. The government and other concerned bodies should focus on establishing and encouraging rural microfinance, savings, and credit institutions and emphasize strengthening the existing agricultural extension service provision, need to have a soil fertility maintenance program, and extension workers can play a great role in improving the status of the soil by working closely with the farmers, establish farmer-training centers and/or model farmer plots to do practical demonstration work and due attention should be given to enhance the efficiency of farmers with large land holding size.

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