J. Bio. Env. Sci.12(5), 230-235, May 2018
Water plays a vital role for all living organism. If there is no water, there will be no life in the universe. Water is too much essential for the survival of life. The current study was conducted to evaluate the concentration of heavy metals in River Indus at Biliani site Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. For this purpose water samples were collected from three sites of the River i.e. upstream, midpoint and downstream respectively. The concentration of heavy metals such as cadmium, chromium, copper, manganese, lead, and zinc was recorded Zn 1.18-1.71 ppm; Cu 1.05-1.26 ppm; Cd 0.06-1.38 ppm; Pb 0.05-1.24 ppm; Cr 0.04-0.19 ppm and Mn 0.03-0.08 ppm respectively.
Afridi AJ, Zuberi A, Rehman HU, Khan A, Saeed K, Achakzai WM, Saddozai S, Usman K, Ateeq M, Akbar NU. 2017. Effect of the aquatic environment of different water bodies on metal contents of common carp (Cyprinius carpio) collected from two different water bodies. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(1), 388-399.
Akhwan S, Farhan, Rehman HU, Nisar J, Waheed MA, Khan RU, Khan IJ, Haleem S. 2016. Spectrometric analysis of heavy metals in soil and water of Kohat dams with respect to fish production, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4(3), 335-337.
Atlas A, Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad S, Munawar A, Rab A, Khan MI, Gul M, Pervaiz K. 2017. Analysis of heavy metals in river Kabul at Sardaryab Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 14-16.
Cunningham WP, Cunningham AM. 2003. Principles of Environmental Science: Inquiry and Applications. (2 Ed.), Tata McGraw Hill nd Publ., New Delhi 224, 253.
Dineley KE, Votyakova TV, Reynolds IJ. 2003. Zinc inhibition of cellular energy production: implications for mitochondria and neurodegeneration. J Neurochem 85, 563–570.
Farhan, Rehman HU, Bibi I, Zakir M, Ullah N, Waheed MA, Haleem S, Zarin K., Yasin N, Nisa I. 2016. Heavy metal analysis of water and soil of district Karak dams during fish breeding season, KPK, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 4(3), 91-93.
Fawad M, Yousafzai AM, Haseeb A, Rehman HU, Afridi AJ, Akhtar NA, Saeed K, Usman K. 2017. Acute toxicity and bioaccumulation of chromium in gills, skin and intestine of goldfish (Carassius auratus). Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies; 5(1), 568-571.
Gadd GM. 1990. Heavy metal accumulation by bacteria and other microorganisms. Experientia 3, 273-280.
Han Y, Wu SM. 1999. Modulation of glycine receptors in retinal ganglion cells by zinc. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 96, 3234–3238.
Khan MW, Khalid M, Ullah H, Rehman HU, Ayaz Y, Ullah F, Jadoon MA, Waqas M, Afridi S. 2017. Detection of Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb) and Bacterial Contamination in Drinking Water. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1), 133-138.
Koh JY, Suh SW, Gwag BJ, He YY, Hsu CY, Choi DW. 1996. The role of zinc in selective neuronal death after transient global cerebral ischemia. Science 272, 1013-1016.
Kumar S. 1989). Effect of seed treatments with Ni, Cd and Zn on seedling growth of two cultivate of Hoedeum vulgare. Geobios 6, 15-20.
Madoni P. 2000. The acute toxicity of nickel to freshwater ciliates. Environ Pollut 109, 53-59.
Mane PC, Kadam DD, Chaudhari RD, Bhosle AB. 2013. Spectrophotometric determination of chromium and copper content from Manjara Dam of Maharashtra, India. Int. J. Current Microbiology and Applied Science 2(12), 338-348.
Mendil D, Uluözlü O, Hasdemir E, Tüzen M, Sari H, Suiçmez M. 2005. Determination of trace metal levels in seven fish species in lakes in Tokat, Turkey. Food Chem 90(1-2), 175-179.
Rehman HU, Ismail M, Khan RU, Haq ZU, Farhan Zakir M, Zahoor B, Ahmad I, Awais S. 2015. Heavy Metals Analysis of Bannu Dam’s and Damai Stream During Breeding Season of Fishes. World Applied Sciences Journal 33(12), 1842-1845.
Rehman HU, Khan RU, Sajed M, Akbar NU, Rehman JU, Awais S, Ahmad I, Maqbool S, Ullah N, Andaleeb H. 2016. Estimation of Heavy Metal of Molluska Shell, Water and Soil Collected from Darmalak Dam, Tehsil Lachi District Kohat. World Journal of Zoology 11(1), 01-05.
Suh SW, Koh JY, Choi DW. 1996. Extracellular zinc mediates selective neuronal death in hippocampus and amygdala following kainate-induced seizure. Soc Neurosci Abstr 22, 2101.
Usman K, Nisa Zu, Gul S, Gul S, Rehman HU, Asad M, Waqar M, Ullah and Ishaq HK. 2017e. Contamination of Heavy metals in River Shah Alam Peshawar: (A tributary of River Kabul) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(5), 510-512.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Adeel S, Shah NA, Shah A, Pervaiz K, Saeed N, Mussabeha. 2017c. Heavy Metals Accumulation in Labeo rohita (Hamilton) of River Kabul, KPK, Pakistan. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1), 01-07.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Adeel S, Shah W, Pervaiz K, Ullah Z, Ullah R, Arsalan M. 2017d. An Investigation on the toxicity of some trace metals in river Kabul, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. Biological Forum – An International Journal 9(1), 95-99.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ahmad N, Bilal M, Hussain ST, Jawad SM, Khan M, Akbar MU. 2017f. Concentration of heavy metals in River Kabul at Dalda Oil Mill Nowshera Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2395-2397.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017b. Exploration of heavy metals in River Kabul at marble factory Kond Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2272-2274.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Ali, SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Nazir R, Ihtesham Y. 2017a. Evaluation of heavy metals in River Kabul at Khazana Sugar Mill Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 2417-2419.
Usman K, Rehman HU, Khudadad HS, Pervaiz K, Khan MW, Ali SZUA, Maqsood MJ, Jawad SM, Ahmad A. 2017g. Assessment of heavy metals in River Kabul at Warsak Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5(6), 1726-1728.
Vandenberg RJ, Mitrovic AD, Johnston GA. 1998. Molecular basis for differential inhibition of glutamate transporter subtypes by zinc ions. Mol Pharmacol 54, 189-196.