Application of ferrous iron containing minerals to remove Hexavalent chromium from soil
Allison LE, Moodie CD. 1965. Carbonate. In: Black CA et al, Eds. Methods of soil analysis, Part 2, Madison, WI 1379-1400.
ATSDR. 2014. Toxicological profile for chromium, United States Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, May 2014.
Banks MK, Schwab AP, Henderson C. 2006. Leaching and reduction of chromium in soil as affected by soil organic content and plants. Chemosphere 62, 255–264.
Bartlett RJ, James BR. 1979. Behavior of chromium in soils: III. Oxidation. Journal of Environmental Quality 8, 31-35.
Bartlett RJ, Kimble JM. 1976. Behavior of chromium in soils: II. Hexavalent forms. Journal of Environmental Quality 5, 383–386.
Cary EE, Allaway WH, Olson OE. 1977. Control of chromium concentrations in food plants. II. Chemistry of chromium and its availability to plants: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 25, 305-309.
Chapman HD. 1965. Cation exchange capacity. In: Black CA et al, Eds. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Madison, WI 891-901.
Chon CM, Kim JG, Moon HS. 2006. Kinetics of chromate reduction by pyrite and biotite under acidic conditions. Applied Geochem 21, 1469-1481.
Choppala G, Bolan N, Seshadri B. 2013. Chemodynamics of chromium reduction in soils: Implications to bioavailability. Journal of Hazardous Materials 261, 718-724.
Di Palma L, Gueye MT, Petrucci E. 2015. Hexavalent chromium reduction in contaminated soil: A comparison between ferrous sulphate and nanoscale zero-valent iron. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2817, 70-76.
Eary LE, Rai D. 1989. Kinetics of chromate reduction by ferrous ions derived from hematite and biotite at 25C degrees. American Journal of Science 289, 180-213.
Gambrell RP, Patrick WH. 1982. Manganese. In: A.L. Page et al, Eds. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Madison, WI 313-322.
Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1986. Particle-size Analysis.In: Klute A, Ed. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 1, Madison, WI 383-411.
Graham AM, Bouwer JB. 2012. Oxidative dissolution of pyrite surfaces by hexavalent chromium: surface site saturation and surface removal. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 83, 379-396.
James BR, Bartlett RJ. 1983. Behavior of chromium in soils. VI. Interaction between oxidation-reduction and organic complexation. VII. Adsorption and Reduction of hexavalent forms. Journal of Environmental Quality 12, 173-181.
Jardine PM, Parker JC, Stewart MA, Barnett MO, Fendrof SE. 2007. Decreasing toxic metal bioavailability with novel soil amendment strategies. Representative remedial drivers for metal contaminated soils. ER-1350.
Jung Y, Choi J, Lee W. 2007. Spectroscopic investigation of magnetite surface for the reduction of hexavalent chromium. Chemosphere 68, 1968-1975.
Jung Y, Lee W. 2005. The Reduction Kinetics of Hexavalent Chromium by soluble Fe (II) and Magnetite, Geophysical Research Abstracts 7, 04530.
Kantar C, Ari C, Keskin S, Dogaroglu ZG, Karadeniz A, Alten A. 2015. Cr (VI) removal from aqueous systems using pyrite as the reducing agent: Batch, spectroscopic and column experiments. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 174, 28-38.
Kantar C, Cetin Z, Demiray H. 2008. In situ stabilization of chromium (VI) in polluted soils using organic ligands. The role of galacturonic, glucuronic and alginic acids. Journal of Hazardous Materials 159, 287-293.
Kantar C, Demir A, Koleli N. 2014. Effect of exopolymeric substances on the kinetics of sorption and desorption of trivalent chromium in soil. Chemical. Paper 68, 112–120.
Kostarelos K, Rao E, Reale D, Moon DH. 2009. Reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) in artificial, contaminated soil using ferrous sulfate heptahydrate and sodium thiosulfate. Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive, Waste Management 13, 135–139.
Lin YT, Huang CP. 2008. Reduction of chromium (VI) by pyrite in dilute aqueous solutions. Separation and Purification Technology 63, 191–199.
Losi ME, Amrhein C, Frankenherger, WT. 1994. Bioremediation of chromate contaminated groundwater by reduction and precipitation in surface soils. Journal of Environmental Quality 23, 1141-1150.
McLean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page AL et al, Eds. Methods of soil analysis, Part 2, Madison WI 199-224.
Mullet M, Demoisson F, Humbert B, Michot LJ, Vantelon D. 2007. Aqueous Cr (VI) reduction by pyrite: speciation and characterization of the solid phases by X-ray photoelectron, Raman and X-ray absorption spectroscopies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71, 3257–3271.
Nelson DW, Sommers LE. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Page AL et al. Eds. Methods of soil Analysis, Part 2, Madison WI. 539-580.
Özer A, Altundoğan HS, Erdem M, Tümen F. 1997. A study on the Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solutions by steel wool. Environmental Pollution 97, 107-112.
Palmer CD, Wittbrodt PR. 1991. Processes affecting the remediation of chromium-contaminated sites. Environmental Health Perspective 92, 25-40.
Richard FC, Bourg ACM. 1991. Aqueous geochemistry of chromium: A review. Water Research 25, 807-816.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 2000. Situ treatment of soil and groundwater contaminatedwith chromium: Technical Resource Gide, EPA/625/R-00/005.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). 1992. Chromium Hexavalent (Colorimetric), Method 7196A, Revision 1. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Washington.
Wittbrodt PR, Palmer CD. 1995. Reduction of Cr (VI) in the presence of excessive soil fulvic acid. Environmental Science Technology 29, 255-263.
Xiao W, Zhang Y, Li T, Chen B, Wang H, He Z, Yang X. 2012. Reduction kinetics of hexavalent chromium in soils and Its correlation with Soil Properties. Journal of Environmental Quality 41, 1452-1458.