Assessing and comparing carbon sequestration in a number of halophyte species

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2013
Views (437) Download (11)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Assessing and comparing carbon sequestration in a number of halophyte species

Haleh Baghdar Miandoab, Hossein Azarnivand, Ali Tavili, Emad (Ramezan) Zakeri
J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 12), 67-77, December 2013.
Certificate: JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Rangelands cover extended areas and therefore are of great importance for carbon sequestration. This was the principal concern of this study in TezKharab region in Iran to be studied. To settle the question upon the role of rangelands in carbon sequestration, dominant halophyte species of the region namely Atriplex veruciferum and Halocnemum strobilaceum were studied. Carbon content of saline and non-saline sites with the same climate and topographic characteristics were compared to identify the role of salinity in carbon sequestration. To this end, dominant vegetation type which is Kochia prosterate from non-saline site of the region was selected. Soil and vegetation sampling follows the systematic approach. Totally 30 soil samples (0-40 centimeters depth) and 90 samples from different plant tissues were taken to the laboratory. Result showed miningful differences among sequestrated carbon of plant tissues, total biomass of species, saline and non-saline sites and the control plot (saline and non-saline control plot) which is covered by no vegetation cover. Sequestrated carbon in stem tissues of three species was higher than the amount, sequestrated in leaves and root tissues. K. prostrate compared with At. Veruciferum with 201.05 kg per hectare and Ha.Strobilaceum with 192.82 kg per hectare, sequestrated more carbon exceeding 211.05 kg per hectare. The underlying soil of Ko. Prostrate sequestrated more carbon in excess of 96.75 tones per hectare.

VIEWS 14

Abdi N, Maddah Arefi H, Zahedi Amiri GH. 2007. Estimation of carbon sequestration in Astragalusrangeland of Markazi province (case study; Malmire rangeland in Shazand region). Iranian journal of Range and Desert Research 15(2), 269-282.

Birdsey R, Heath I, Williams D. 2000. Estimation of carbon budget model of the United State forest sector. Advances in terrestrial ecosystem carbon inventory, measurement, and monitoring conference in Raleight, North Carolina, 3-5.

Bordbar Sk, Mortazvi Gahromi SM. 2006. Carbon sequestration potential of Eucalyptus camaldolensisDehnh And Acacia salicinaLindl. Plantation in western areas of Fars province. Iranian journal of Construction and Research 70(1), 95-103.

Brady NC, Weil RR. 2007. The nature and properties of soils, 14th ed. Prentice Hall press 922, 684-697 p.

Bremmer JM, Mulvaney CS. 1982. Nitrogen total, in A. L. Page, R.H. miller (Eds). Methods of soil analysis. part 2: chemical and microbiological properties, vol. 9. Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and commonwealth (ASA) Monograph, Madison, 595–624

Bronick CJ, Lal R. 2005. Soil structure and management: a review. Geoderma 124, 3-22.

Bruce JP, Frome M, Haites E, Joanne H, Lal R, Faustion K. 1999. Carbon sequestration in soils. Journal of soil and water conservation 54(1), 382-389.

David LJ, Hodge A, Kuzyakov Y. 2004. Plant and mycorrhizal regulation of rhizo deposition. New Phytologist 163, 459–480.

Demmi MA, Puricelli CA, Rosell RA. 1986. El efecto del pasto lloron en la recuperacion de los suelos. Informacion Tecnica (INTA) San Luis Agric. Exp. St. Techn. Bull. Argentina 109, 27-35.

Fang S, Xue J, Tang L. 2006. Biomass production and carbon sequestration potential in poplar plantations with different management patterns. Journal of Environmental Management 85, 672-679.

Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1982. Particle size analysis, in A. Klute, ed.,Methods of soil analysis, part 1: physical and mineralogical methods. Association of Social Anthropologists of the UK and Commonwealth 9, 383–411.

Hassink J. 1997. The capacity of soils to preserve organic C and N by their association with clay and silt particles. Plant Soil 191, 77-87.

Hossienzadeh G, Jalilvand H, Tamartash R. 2008. Vegetation Cover Changes and Some Chemical Soil Properties in Pastures with Different Grazing Intensities. Iranian journal of Range and DesertReseach 14(4), 500-512.

Houghton JT, Jenkins GJ, Ephraum JJ. 1999. Climate change the Intergovernment Panel on climate Change (IPCC) scientific Assessment. Cambridge University press 365, 145-160 p.

Jafari M. 2009. Effects of climate change on forest ecosystems. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands press, 71- 78.

Lal R. 2002. Soil carbon dynamics in cropland and rangeland. Environmental Pollution 116, 353-362.

Lal R. 2009. Carbon sequestration in saline soils. Journal of Soil Salinity & Water Quality 1(2), 30-40.

Lamlom SH, Savidge RA. 2003. A reassessment of carbon content in wood: variation with and between 41 North American species. Biomass and bioenergy 25, 381-388.

Luciuk GM, Bonneu MA, Boyle DM, Vibery E. 2000. Prairie farm  rehabilitation. Administration paper, Carbon sequestration additional environmental benefits of forest in the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration (PERA), ID No 1967, Session 22, 191-194.

Mcdicken KG. 1997. A Guide to monitoring carbon storage in forestry and agro forestry projects. Winrock international institute for agricultural development, forest carbon monitoring program, Washington, USA: 357p.

Mesdaghi M. 2007.Range management in Iran. 3rd ed. Astane ghoudse Razavi Publications, Iran: 333p.

Moghaddam MR. 2007.Range and range management.4th ed. Tehran University Press, Iran: 470p.

Mohseni Fashami M, Zahedi Gh, Farahpour M, Khorasani N. 2009. Influence of exclosure and grazing onthe soil organic carbon and soil bulk density Case study in the central Alborze south slopes range lands. Iranian Journal of Dynamic Agriculture 5, 375- 381.

Mortenson M, Schuman G. 2004. Carbon sequestration in rangeland interseeded with yellow-flowering alfalfa (Medicago Sativa Spp. Falcata) Environmental Management 33, 475-481.

Olsson L, Ardo J. 2006. Soil carbon sequestration in degraded semiarid agro-ecosystems-perils and potentials. Ambio 31, 471–477.

Palumboa AV, McCarthyb JF, Amonettec JE, Fishera L S, Wullschlegera S D, Danielsd WL. 2004. Prospects for enhancing carbon sequestration and reclamation of degraded lands with fossil-fuel combustion by-products. Advances in Environmental Research 8, 425–438.

Paustian K, Six J, Elliott E T, Hunt HW. 2000. Management  options  for  reducing  CO2  emissions from agricultural soils. Biogeochemistry 48(1), 147– 163.

Ranjbari Karimian G. 2011. Comparison of carbon storage in grassland and shrubbery (Case study: Akhtrabad). Thesis of MSc in Range Management, Department of Natural Resources, Tehran University, Iran: 65-80.

Rui W, Zhang W. 2010. Effect size and duration of recommended management practices on carbon sequestration in paddy field in Yangtze Delta Plain of China: A meta-analysis. Agri. Eco. and Envir 135, 199-205.

Schuman GE, Janzen H, Herrick JE. 2002. Soil Carbon Information and Potential Carbon Sequestration by Rangelands. Environmental Pollution 116, 391-396.

Sparks DL. 1996. Methods of soil analysis. part 3. chemical methods. Soil Science Society American, Inc. American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, 551-574.

Steel RG D, Torrie JH. 1997.Principles and procedures of statistics: a biometrical approach.3rd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York, 666p.

Thomas RJ. 2008. Opportunities to reduce the vulnerability of dryland farmersin Central and West Asia and North Africa to climate change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 126, 36–45.

Walkley A I, Black A. 1934. Chromic acid titration for determination of soil organic matter. Soil Science 63, 251-265.

William E. 2002. Carbon dioxide fluxes in a semi arid environment with high carbonate soil . Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 116, 91-102.

Yong Zhong Su. 2007. soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration following the coniersion of crop land to alfalfa land in Northwest china. journal of soil and tillage Research 92, 181-189.