Assessing of canadian water sustainability ındex (CWSI) in ahwaz county located in south west of Iran

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2014
Views (192) Download (22)

Assessing of canadian water sustainability ındex (CWSI) in ahwaz county located in south west of Iran

Jalal Attari, Seyed Ali Mojahedi, Amirpouya Sarraf
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 4), 183-194, October 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Sustainability of water resources is vital especially for developing countries such as Iran which are located in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where water is scarce. To balance the high demand of water for economic growth and at the same time preserve the environment for present and future generations, sustainability of water resources should be considered by monitoring and data mining. For this purpose, several quantified indices have been proposed and applied worldwide recently. In this paper, the Canadian Water Sustainability Index (CWSI) proposed by PRI, has been trailed for the case of Ahwaz County, a community located in South West of Iran fed by Karun River. Required data for the composite CWSI score which is the average of five major theme-based components (i.e. resource, ecosystem health, infrastructure, human health capacity) was collected according to the PRI evaluation method. In addition to the standardized CWSI, the final index was also calculated considering weight estimation for the five components by pair-wise comparison, using Expert Choice version 2000. Results showed that application of this index as a policy tool, with some modifications in weights, was satisfactory for the educational case study and could be replicated for other communities in Iran.


AWWC. 2006. Ahwaz Water and Wastewater Company.

Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME). 2001. Canadian Water Quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life. CCME Water Quality Index 1.0, User’s Manual and Technical Report.

Carden K, Armitage N, Carvalho De, Stoeckigt T. 2007. Development of a “sustainability index” for integrated urban water management in the low-income areas of South Africa, IMESA.

Carvalho De, Carden KJ, Armitage NP. 2008. Application of a sustainability index for integrated urban water management in Southern African cities: Case study comparison–Maputo and Hermanus, (Special WISA 2008 edition), Water SA, 35(2).

Falkenmark M. 1988, Sustainable development as seen from a water perspective. In Perspectives of Sustainable Development, Stockholm Studies in Natural Resources Management, 1, 71 – 84.

Karamouz M, Kerachian R, Akhbari M, Hafez B. 2008. Design of river Water Quality Monitoring Networks: A Case Study, Environ Model Assess, Springer.

Kumambala PG, Ervine A, Turner S. 2008. Water resources sustainable decision making for Malawi based on basin hydrology, human health and environment, U21 Postgraduate Research Conference Proceedings, Water – how need drives research and research underpins solutions to world-wide problems, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

KWPA. 2008. Khuzestan Water and Power Authority.

Loucks DP, Gladwell JS. 1997. Quantifying trends in system sustainability, Hydrological Sciences-Journal-des Sciences Hydrologiques, 42 (4), 513 – 530.

Loucks DP, Van Beek E. 2005. Water resources systems planning and management, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Paris.

Loucks DP. 2011. Sustainability Index for Water Resources Planning and Management, Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management © ASCE, September / October, 2011.137, 381 – 390.

Lundin M, Morrison G. 2002. A lifecycle assessment based procedure for development of environmental sustainability indicators for urban water systems, Urban Water, 4, 145 – 152.

Mays LW. 2007. Water resources sustainability, McGraw-hill, WEF Press, New York.

Theodore Heintz HJr. 2004. Applying the concept of sustainability to water resources management, Universities Council on Water resources, Water Resources Update, 127, 6 – 10.

NWWEC. 2006. National Water and Wastewater Engineering Company of Iran.

Policy Research Initiative (PRI). 2007. The Canadian Water Resources Sustainability Index (CWSI). PRI Project Report, Ottawa, 1 – 27.

Sanchez E. 2007. Use of Water Quality Index and Dissolved  Oxygen  Deficit  as Simple  Indicators of Watersheds Pollution, Journal of Ecological Indicators, 7, 315 – 328.

SCI. 2006. Statistical Center of Iran.

Simoes FS. 2008. Water Quality Index as a Simple Indicator of Aquaculture Effects on Aquatic Bodies, Journal of Ecological Indicators, 8, 476 – 484.

Singh RK, Murty HR, Gupta SK, Dikshit AK. 2008. An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies, Journal of Ecological Indicators, Elsevier, 1 – 24.

Smith ET, Lant C. 2004. Water resources sustainability: A guide to this issue, Universities Council on Water resources, Water Resources Update, 127, 1 – 5.

World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). 1987. Our Common Future (The Brundtland Report), Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

World Bank. 2007. Making the most of scarcity: Accountability for better water management results in the Middle East and North Africa, MENA Development Report. 1 – 227.