Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5(6), 36-41, December 2014
The establishment of plantations has become an obvious option to mitigate the challenges placed on the worlds’ natural forests due to anthropogenic factors. Teak is currently one of the most widely planted tree species used to curb deforestation especially, in Ghana. In this paper, we investigated the growth performance of teak coppice, two years after clearcutting. The results revealed that stump diameter and height significantly influenced the number of coppiced shoots. The maximum number of sprouts was found in stumps cut to a height of about 15 cm above ground. Also, stump diameter was positively correlated with number of sprouts as well as leader height. Though the models developed for average sprout height (16.0%) and leader height (8.5%) were significant, they did not account for most of the variation in the dataset based on their adjusted R-squared values. Hence, the management of coppice after clearcutting through thinning is important if better quality shoots are required to meet the purpose of production.
Assabil JK. 1996. The effect of spacing on early growth performance of teak (Tectona grandis) seedlings on transplant beds. BSc. Thesis (Unpublished). Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana.
Bellingham PJ, Tanner EVJ, Heale JR. 1994. Sprouting of trees in Jamaican montane forests after a hurricane. Journal of Ecology 82, 747-758.
Bruggink JL. 1988. Oak stump sprouting potential on outwash ecosystems of northern lower Michigan. M.S. Thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.
Chowdhury Q, Rashid AZMM, Afrad MDM. 2008. Growth performance of teak (Tectona grandis Linn. f.) coppice under different regimes of canopy opening. Tropical Ecology 49(2), 245-250.
Crowther RE, Evans J. 1986. Coppice. Forestry Commission Leaflet 83. HMSO, London.
Dale SS, Barton MB. 1967. Stump sprouting of four northern hardwoods. Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Upper Darby, PA. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Research Paper NE-59.
Dey DC, Johnson PS, Garrett HE. 1996. Modeling the regeneration of oak stands in the Missouri Ozark Highlands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26, 573-583.
Husen A. 2011. Rejuvenation and Adventitious Rooting in Coppice-Shoot Cuttings of Tectona grandis as Affected by Stock-Plant Etiolation. American Journal of Plant Sciences 2, 370-374.
Johnson PS. 1977. Predicting oak stump sprouting and sprout development in the Missouri Ozarks. Res. Pap. NC-149. St.Paul, MN: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station.
Kollert W, Cherubini L. 2012. Teak Resources and Market Assessment 2010. Planted Forests and Trees Working Paper Series, Forestry Department, FAO, Working Paper FP/47/E, FAO, Rome, Italy.
Lamprecht H. 1989. Silviculture in the tropics: tropical forest ecosystems and their tree species – possibilities and methods for their long-term utilization. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit.
Longhurst WM. 1956. Stump sprouting of oaks in response to seasonal cutting. Journal of Range Management 9(4), 194-196.
Matthews R, Mackie E. 2006. Forest Mensuration: A Handbook for Practitioners. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.
Neumann 1. 1983. The use of trees in smallholder agriculture in tropical highland areas. In: Locheretz, W, ed. Proc. IV Intern. Conf. of IFOAM, MIT, Boston, August 1982. Praeger, New York (in press).
Palanisamy K, Subramanian K. 2001. Vegetative propagation of mature teak trees (Tectona grandis L.). Silvae Genetica 50, 188-191.
Pramono AA, Fauzi MA, Widyani M, Heriansyah I, Roshetko JM. 2011. Managing smallholder teak plantations: field guide for farmers. Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Bogor, Indonesia.
Ralph H. 1995. Management of coppice stools. Research Information Note 259. Issued by the Research Division of the Forestry Authority, Alice Holt Lodge, Wreccheham, Farnham, Surrey GU10 4LH.
Techiman Municipal Assembly 2006. Medium Term Development Plan (2006–2009), Techiman, Ghana.
Tewari DN. 1999. A monograph on teak (Tectona grandis). International Book Distributors. Dehra Dun, India.
Thaiutsa B. 1999. Current state of teak plantation technology in Thailand. Paper presented at Chiang Mai, Thailand, 26-29 January 1999. Regional seminar on site, technology and productivity of teak plantation in Chiangmai, Thailand.
Thevathasan NV, Gordon AM. 2004. Ecology of tree intercropping systems in the north temperate region: Experiences from southern Ontario, Canada. Agroforestry Systems 61, 257-268.
Weaver PL. 1993. Tectona grandis L.f. Teak. SO-ITF-SM-64. New Orleans, LA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station. p.18.