Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 1, 2014

| Download 2

Assessment of amphibian environment through Physico-chemical analysis in Pakistan

Kalsoom Shaikh, Ghulam Sarwar Gachal, Saima Qayoom Memon, Naveed Ahmed Sodho, Muhammad Yusuf Shaikh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(3), 255-261, September 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Nonoptimal water quality has dreadful effects on d evelopment and survival of amphibians, especially their eggs and larvae are more susceptible as cannot resist against harmful components of their aquatic habitat by moving away. Therefore Physicochemical nature of amphibia n habitats located in three Talukas of District Hyderabad was analyzed for the period of one year (2012) through parameters including pH, Electric Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Hardness (THar d), Total Alkalinity (TAlk) and Carbon dioxide (CO 2) via using specific instrumentation and titration methods. Environmental study indicated water contamination due to high level of all the parameters except pH which may make environment intolerable for amphibian fauna in whole study area.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Assessment of amphibian environment through Physico-chemical analysis in Pakistan

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1971. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. American Public Health Association report, NewYork, USA.

American Public Health Association (APHA). 1992. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 18th ed. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.

Beattie RC, Tyler Jones R. 1992. The effects of low pH and aluminum on breeding success in the frog Rana temporaria, Journal of Herpetology 26, 353 360.

Boyer, Robin, Christian E, Grue. 1995. The Need for Water Quality Criteria for Frogs. Environmental Health Perspectives 103, 352–357.

Boyd Claude E. 1999. Water Quality: An Introduction. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, ISBN 0792378539.

Burleson ML, Smatresk NJ. 2000. Branchial chemoreceptors mediate ventilatory response to hypercapnic acidosis in channel catfish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 125, 403414.

Cai WJ, Hu X. 2010. Alkalinity Distribution in the Western North Atlantic Ocean Margins. Journal of Geophysical Research 115, 115.

Cameron JN, Iwama GK. 1989. Compromises between ionic regulation and acidbase regulation i n aquatic animals. Canadian Journal of Zoology 67, 30783084.

CM Hogan, Marc Papineau. 1987. Development of a dynamic water quality simulation model for the Truckee River, Earth Metrics Inc., Environmental Protection Agency Technology Series, Washington D.C.

Crocker CE, Cech JJ. 1996. Effects of hypercapnia on the growth of juvenile white sturgeon. Acipenser transmotanum. Aquaculture 147, 293299.

Denial C, Harris. 1948. Quantitative chemical analysis. 3rd edition, 5257.

Ela WP. 2007. Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, Prentice Hall, 3rd ed, ISBN 0131481932.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1976. Quality Criteria for Water (PDF). 534.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 1986. Quality Criteria for Water (PDF). 477.

Horne MT, Dunson WA. 1994. The interactive effects of low pH, toxic metals, and DOC on a simulated temporary pond community. Environmental pollution 89, 155161.

Kalsoom S, Gachal GS, Saima QM, Sodho NA, Yusuf SM, Qadri AH. 2013. Impact of Nonoptimal Environmental Conditions on Survival of Amphibians in Pakistan. International Journal of Advanced Research 1, 140146.

Shaikh K, Gachal GS, Yusuf SM, Nabi G, Qadri AH, Afghan A. 2014. Checklist and Distribution of Amphibian fauna in Sindh, Pakistan. Sindh University Research Journal 46, 159162.

Sunita Rattan. 2002. Experiments in Applied Chemistry, 2nd Edition, 7793.

Tatersall GJ, Right PA. 1996. The Effects of Ambient pH on Nitrogen Excretion in Early Life Stages of the American Toad (Bufo americanus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 113, 369 374.

Wurts WA, RM Durborow. 1992. Interactions of pH, carbon dioxide, alkalinity and hardness in fish ponds. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center Publication No. 464.

Wurts WA, Masser MP. 2004. Liming ponds for aquaculture. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center, Publication No. 4100.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background