Assessment of density and cultivation type on growth and yield of two cultivars of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (197) Download (9)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Assessment of density and cultivation type on growth and yield of two cultivars of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

Mirjalili Seyed Abbas
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 1), 74-79, July 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The genus Ocimum has up to 60 species that Ocimum basilicum L. is the most important commercially species. It is cultivated throughout the world. This species often use as vegetables and health industry such as toothpaste, due to good favorite of its oil. This study was done in spring and summer of 2010 in the field about 200 m2 as 4×1m plots on two cultivars of Ocimum. Statistical design was completely randomized block design with 3 replications. Analysis of variance was done by Duncan test in 5% level by MSTATC software. Correlation coefficient analyzed by SPSS software. Results showed that the highest level of dry leaf weight, total dry weight and plant height obtained in green basil that cultivated two- row with 100 plants per m2. Leaf dry weight and total dry weight were calculated in unit area. However leaf and total dry weight decreased per plant, due to increasing plant density in unit area, whole and leaf dry weight would increase totally. Also, maximum number of spike per plant, lateral shoot and leaf area index per plant obtained in green cultivar with two-row and density of 40 plants per m2.

VIEWS 9

Akbarinia A, Daneshian J, Mohammadbeigi F. 2006. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers and density on yield of seed and essential oil in coriandrum. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic plants 34, 410-419 (In Persian).

Arabaci O, Bayram E. 2004. The effect of nitrogen fertilization and different plant densites on some agronomic and technologic characteristic of Ocimum basilicum L. (Basil). Journal of Agronomy 3, 255-262.

Azizi M, Volkezian A, Baghani M. 2004. Effect of different level of vermicompost on growth parameters and yield of essential oil in ocimum. 2th Iranian congress on medicinal plants 62-63.

Balyan S, Sobti N. 1990. Effect of Nitrogen, phosphor and potassium on dry matter accumulation and nutrient uptake in basil (Ocimum gratissimum L.) Indian perfumer 34, 225-231.

Dadvand MR, Naghdibadi H, Nasri M, Makkiazdeh M, Omidi H. 2006. Variation of essential oil and yield in Ocimum affected by density and nitrogen fertilizers. Iranian research Journal of Medicinal Plants (Jahad Daneshgahi) 27, 70-80 (in Persian).

El-Gendy SA, Hosni AM, Ahmed SS, Omer EA, Rehman MS. 2001. Variation in herbage yield and oil composition of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) var. ‘Grande Verde’ grown organically in a newly reclaimed land in Egypt. Arab Universities Journal of Agricultural Science 9, 915-933.

Farooqi B. 2004. French basil. In: Cultivation of Spice Crops. Eds, Ali Farooqi and B.S. Sreeramu, Universities Press, 182-190.

Gill BS, Randhawa GS. 2000. Effect of different row and plant spacing on yield and quality of French basil oil. Journal of Research Punjab Agriculture University 36, 191-193.

Jalilavand H, Akbarinia A, Khodabandeh N, Habibi D. 2006. Effect of nitrogen fertilizers and plant density on yield of oil and musillage in Ocimum seeds. Iranian Journal of Agronomy Breeding 2, 11-27 (in Persian).

Naghdibadi H, Yazdani D, MohammadAli S, Nazari F. 2004. Effects of spacing and harvesting time on herbage yield and quality/quantity of oil in thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.). Industrial Crops Production 19, 231-236.

Omidbaigi R. 2000. Production and processing of medicinal plants vol: 2. Astan Ghods Razavi Press. Tehran, 397-398.

Pancic J, Koscuska T. 1990. Influence of methods and season for planting establishment on yield and Quality of sweet basil. Sciencedirect, 379-385.

Prakash V. 1990. Leafy spices.CRC press Inc. Boca Raton, 31-32.

Rashedmohassel MH, Nezami A. 1998. Study on effect of cultivation time and plant density on growth and yield of fennel at Mashhad climate. Final report of research project. Faculty of agriculture, University of Ferdowsi, Mashhad, 28-39.

Simon J. 1995. Basil newcrop Factsheet {on line}. West Lafayette. in: Purdue University.{ accessed May 29.2003 }. Available from world wide web. (http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/crop Fastsheets /basil.html).

Smith A, Svoboda KP, Noon M. 1997. Controlling the growth and quality of hydroponically grown basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). International symposium growing media and plant nutrition in horticulture. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 450, 479-486.

Toghrai A. 2006. Effect of plant density and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and some agronomic parameters of pepper mint. MSc thesis on Agriculture. Faculty of agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, 14-32.

Vomel A, Ceylon A. 1997. The cultivation of some medicinal plants in Aegian region. Tubitak Journal of Natural Sciences 1, 69-73.