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Assessment of diversity and abundance of Mosquitoes from rural areas of Faisalabad

Attaullah, Muhammad Kashif Zahoor, Shabab Nasir, Bilal Rasool, Kishwar Sultana, Samina Qamar, Humara Naz Majeed

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(1), 77-87, July 2015

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Abstract

Mosquito-borne diseases continue to pose a serious health concern in the rural areas. The current research study was designed to focus on the diversity, species richness, abundance and the population dynamics of mosquitoes in rural areas of Faisalabad. Eleven species of mosquitoes were collected, of which 6 species belonged to the genus Culex, 3 species to Anopheles and 2 species to the genus Aedes. Maximum species richness was observed in Irrigated fields. Aedes albopictus and A. aegypti were collected where fresh water body existed but with an abundance of A. albopictus. A. albopictus was dominant in Rain catch basin, petrol pump and Rice field. The C. quinquefaciatus was abundantly found in all the collection sites. The data for plants, animals and birds were also recorded and no huge was observed in all the collection sites. The quantitative parameters dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), pH, temperature and relative humidity (RH) were recorded. Majority of the mosquitoes occupied all quartiles of quantitative parameters. Maximum species richness was observed during Aug-Sept. and minimum recorded during Nov-Dec. The mosquito populations increased with an increase in humidity and decreased with the increase in temperature. The low relative humidity also gave negative impact on mosquito population during winter. It is suggested that irrigated fields, rain catch basin and stagnant water in rice field could serve as a potential breeding site for mosquitoes in the rural areas. It is therefore, recommended proper agriculture practices to avoid the threat of mosquito-borne diseases in the rural areas.

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Assessment of diversity and abundance of Mosquitoes from rural areas of Faisalabad

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